Matsyendra: 5 definitions



Matsyendra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Matsyendra in Yoga glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga

Matsyendra is one of the eighty-four Siddhas associated with eighty-four Yogic postures (āsanas), according to popular tradition in Jodhpur, Rājasthān. These posture-performing Siddhas are drawn from illustrative sources known as the Nava-nātha-caurāsī-siddha from Vȧrāṇasī and the Nava-nātha-caruāsī-siddha-bālāsundarī-yogamāyā from Puṇe. They bear some similarity between the eighty-four Siddhas painted on the walls of the sanctum of the temple in Mahāmandir.

The names of these Siddhas (e.g., Matsyendra) to 19th-century inscription on a painting from Jodhpur, which is labelled as “Maharaja Mansing and eighty-four Yogis”. The association of Siddhas with yogis reveals the tradition of seeing Matsyendra and his disciple Gorakṣa as the founders of haṭhayoga.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Matsyendra in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Matsyendra (मत्स्येन्द्र) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—a teacher of yoga. Mentioned in Haṭhapradīpikā Oxf. 233^b. 234^a, in Saṃkṣepaśaṅkarajaya Oxf. 256^a.

2) Matsyendra (मत्स्येन्द्र):—Matsyendramuhūrta jy. B. 4, 170.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Matsyendra (मत्स्येन्द्र):—[from matsya > matsa] m. Name of a teacher of Yoga, [Catalogue(s)]

2) [v.s. ...] of an author (-muhūrta mn. Name of his [work]), [ib.]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Matsyendra (मत्स्येन्द्र):—[(matsya + i)] m. Nomen proprium eines Lehrers der Haṭhavidyā [Oxforder Handschriften 233,b,35. 38. 234,a,15. 236,a,4. 256,a,10.] [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 647.] [HALL 16.] [WILSON, Sel. Works] [?I,214. 218.] nātha [II, 30.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Matsyendra (मत्स्येन्द्र):—m. Nomen proprium eines Lehrers. Auch nātha.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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