Hathayoga, Haṭhayoga, Hatha-yoga: 6 definitions


Hathayoga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous (H) next»] — Hathayoga in Yoga glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga

Hatha-yoga is the physical aspect of the practice of yoga. There are 3 main factors involving practice of hatha-yoga:

  1. asanas (practice of postures),
  2. pranayama (breathing techniques)
  3. and dhyana (meditation).
Source: DSpace at Pondicherry: Siddha Cult in Tamilnadu (yoga)

Haṭhayoga (हठयोग) pays particular attention to the acquisition of supernatural powers and the conquest of disease and death. Majority of the extant texts of Haṭhayoga are associated with the Nāth siddhas. The Tamil Siddhas of about the 10th to 15th century also wrote poems on the concepts of Haṭhayoga.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous (H) next»] — Hathayoga in Shaivism glossary
Source: Himalayan Academy: Dancing with Siva

Haṭhayoga (हठयोग, “forceful yoga”) is a system of physical and mental exercise developed in ancient times as a means of rejuvenation by ṛṣis and tapasvins who meditated for long hours, and used today in preparing the body and mind for meditation.

Its elements are:

  1. postures (āsana),
  2. cleansing practices (dhauti or shodhana),
  3. breath control (prāṇāyāma),
  4. locks (bandha, which temporarily restrict local flows of prāṇa),
  5. hand gestures (mudrā),

All of which regulate the flow of prāṇa and purify the inner and outer bodies. Haṭha-yoga is broadly practiced in many traditions. It is the third limb (aṅga) of Patanjali’s rāja-yoga. It is integral to the Śaiva and Śākta-tantra traditions, and part of modern āyurveda treatment.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Haṭhayoga (हठयोग) refers to “the yoga process of practising different bodily postures in order to render the body supple. It is the third portion of the process of aṣṭāṅga-yoga”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (H) next»] — Hathayoga in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

haṭhayōga (हठयोग).—m (S) A mode of Yog or abstract contemplation whilst suspending the breath. 2 Applied generally to modes of austere devotion (as to the standing upon one leg, holding up the arms, inhaling smoke with the head inverted &c.) Opp. to rājayōga.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (H) next»] — Hathayoga in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Haṭhayoga (हठयोग).—a particular mode of Yoga or practising abstract meditation, (so called, as distinguished from rājayoga q.v., because it is very difficult to practise; it may be performed in various ways, such as by standing on one leg, holding up the arms, inhaling smoke with the head inverted &c.).

Derivable forms: haṭhayogaḥ (हठयोगः).

Haṭhayoga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms haṭha and yoga (योग).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Haṭhayoga (हठयोग).—m.

(-gaḥ) A particular mode of Yoga, or abstract contemplation difficult to practise, and as such distinguished from Raja-Yoga, which is an easy mode of abstraction. It is performed in various ways, such as standing on one leg, holding up the arms, inhaling smoke with the head inverted, &c.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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