Shavasana, Shava-asana, Śavāsana, Śavasāna, Śavasana: 14 definitions
Shavasana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Śavāsana and Śavasāna and Śavasana can be transliterated into English as Savasana or Shavasana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Yoga (school of philosophy)
Śavāsana (शवासन) is one of the eighty-four āsanas (postures) taught by Śiva, according to the Haṭharatnāvalī 3.7-20. It is said that Ādinātha (Śiva) hand-picked 84 yoga postures from 84,00,000 living beings and taught them for the purpose of introducing physical health and well-being to the human body. The compound śavāsana translates to śava (corpse) and āsana (posture).
The 17th-century Haṭharatnāvalī is a Sanskrit reference book dealing with these āsanas (e.g., śavāsana) which form a major constituent of the haṭhayoga practice. It was written by Śrīnivāsa.Source: Google Books: The Hatha Yoga Pradipika
Śavāsana (शवासन) is the name of an āsana (posture), according to Haṭhayogapradīpikā I.33.—Accordingly, “Lying down on the ground, like a corpse, is called śavāsana. It removes fatigue and gives rest to the mind”.
The 15th-century Haṭhayogapradīpikā by Svātmārāma is one of the oldest extant texts dealing with haṭhayoga: an ancient form of meditation founded by Matsyendranātha. The first chapter of this book describes various āsanas (e.g., śava-āsana).Source: archive.org: Yoga Tradition of the Mysore Palace
Śavāsana (शवासन) is a type of standing posture (āsana), according to verse 70 of the Śrītattvanidhi.—Accordingly, “Lie down on the floor like a corpse. This is śavāsana”.
The 19th-century Śrītattvanidhi is a sanskrit treatise describing 80 primary āsanas, or ‘posture’ (e.g., śava-āsana) and several additional ones.
Name and form the same in Iyengar and most yoga schools including Haṭhapradīpikā I.32.Source: archive.org: Gheranda Samhita
Śavāsana (शवासन) is one of the thirty-two āsanas (postures) taught in the second chapter of the Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā: “Lying supine on the ground like a dead body, is called Śavāsana which removes fatigue and gives relief to the mind”.
Śavāsana is one of the selected 32 postures amongs 8,400,000 total mentioned by Śiva, according to Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā 2.1-2, “In all, there are as many Āsanas as species of animals. Eighty-four lacs of them are mentioned by Śiva. Out of them, 84 are regarded as important and among these 84, again 32 are good (enough) in this world of mortal beings”.
The 17th-century Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā (mentioning śava-āsana) is one of the three classic texts of Haṭha-yoga: a major branch of Yoga, sharing similarities with the Yoga system taught by Patañjali, though claiming its own mythical founder known as Matsyendranātha. This gheraṇḍa-saṃhitā is an encyclopedic Sanskrit treatise describing thirty two such āsanas.
Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Śavasana (शवसन) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.52.15, I.57) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śavasana) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
Śavasana is also mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.18) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)
Śavāsana (शवासन) or Śavāsanarasa is the name of a Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fifth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 13, Pandu: anaemia and Kamala: jaundice). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). However, since it is an ayurveda treatment it should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.
Accordingly, when using such recipes (e.g., śavāsana-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Languages of India and abroad
Śavasāna (शवसान).—(śav-asānac Uṇādi-sūtra 2.83)
1) A traveller.
2) A way, road.
-nam A cemetery.
Derivable forms: śavasānaḥ (शवसानः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Sāvāsana (सावासन).—m.c. for sa-vāsana, [bahuvrīhi], see vāsana: Lalitavistara 291.1; 294.6 (verses.)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-naḥ) 1. A traveller, (in the dialect of the Vedas.) 2. A road. n.
(-naṃ) A cemetery. E. śav to go, with ānac aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Śavasāna (शवसान).—[adjective] superior, powerful, heroic.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Śavasāna (शवसान):—[from śava] mfn. strong, vigorous, powerful, violent, [Ṛg-veda]
2) [v.s. ...] m. a road, [Uṇādi-sūtra ii, 86 [Scholiast or Commentator]]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Śavasāna (शवसान):—[śava-sāna] (naḥ) 1. m. A traveller (in the dialect of the Vedas). n. A cemetery.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Śavāsana (ಶವಾಸನ):—[noun] a kind of yogic posture in which all the parts of the body and the mind are relaxed, lying flat on the floor.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Partial matches: Shava, Shana, Asana.
Starts with: Shavasanarasa.
Ends with: Ashavasana, Dveshavasana, Kleshavasana, Nishavasana, Pakshavasana, Varshavasana.
Full-text: Adi-mudra, Shavasanarasa, Asana.
Search found 8 books and stories containing Shavasana, Shava-asana, Śavāsana, Śava-āsana, Savasana, Sava-asana, Śavasāna, Śavasana, Sāvāsana, Shava-sana, Śava-sāna, Sava-sana; (plurals include: Shavasanas, asanas, Śavāsanas, āsanas, Savasanas, Śavasānas, Śavasanas, Sāvāsanas, sanas, sānas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Rig Veda 8.46.6 < [Sukta 46]
Rig Veda 8.68.8 < [Sukta 68]
Rig Veda 1.62.13 < [Sukta 62]
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
Cidgaganacandrika (study) (by S. Mahalakshmi)
Verse 235 [Yama is the consecrated King] < [Chapter 4 - Fourth Vimarśa]
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 5: Treatment of various afflictions (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)