The Skanda Purana

by G. V. Tagare | 1950 | 2,545,880 words

This page describes Greatness of Cyavanaditya (Cyavana-aditya) which is chapter 279 of the English translation of the Skanda Purana, the largest of the eighteen Mahapuranas, preserving the ancient Indian society and Hindu traditions in an encyclopedic format, detailling on topics such as dharma (virtous lifestyle), cosmogony (creation of the universe), mythology (itihasa), genealogy (vamsha) etc. This is the two hundred seventy-ninth chapter of the Prabhasa-kshetra-mahatmya of the Prabhasa Khanda of the Skanda Purana.

Chapter 279 - Greatness of Cyavanāditya (Cyavana-āditya)

Īśvara said:

1-3. Thereafter, O great goddess, a pilgrim should go to the excellent shrine of Cyavanārka. It is situated to the east of Hiraṇyā. It was installed by Cyavana.

If it is worshipped in accordance with the injunctions, it fulfills all desires. On the seventh lunar day, a man should eulogize god Ravi (Sun) by means of the one hundred eight names with perfect faith.

O great goddess, listen to those names with concentration and purity.

4-5. Have patience for a moment, O goddess of Devas. I shall speak everything as spoken by Dhaumya, formerly, to the Son of Kuntī, the noble-souled (Yudhiṣṭhira). The one hundred eight names have been narrated by him. O highly intelligent one, listen to it.

They are: Sūrya, Aryaman, Bhaga, Tvaṣṭṛ, Pūṣan, Arka, Savitṛ, Ravi.

6. Gabhastimān, Aja, Kāla, Mṛtyu, Dhātṛ, Prabhākara; he is fire; Mahābhūtas—earth, water, fire, ether and the wind; he is Parāyaṇa.

7. Soma, Bṛhaspati, Śukra, Budha and Aṅgāraka (all these planets); Indra, Vivasvān, Dīptāṃśu, Śuci, Sauri, Śanaiścara.

8. He is identical with Brahmā, Rudra, Viṣṇu, Skanda, Vaiśravaṇa, Yama. He is the fire of the lightening and the gastric fire; he is Indhana (fuel); he is the Lord of Refulgence (Tejasāṃpati).

9. Dharmadhvaja, Vedakartṛ (Creator of the Vedas), Vedāṅga, Vedavāhana; he is the four Yugas viz. Kṛta, Tretā, Dvāpara and Kali; he is Śarvāmarāśraya (Support unto all the Devas).

10. He is the units of time such as Kalā, Kāṣṭhā, Muhūrta, Pakṣa (fortnight), Māsa (month), Aharniśa (day and night). He is the cause of the year, Aśvastha (seated on a horse), Kālacakra, Vibhāvasu.

11-12. Śāśvata Puruṣa (Eternal Being), Yogin, Vyakta (Manifest), Avyakta (Unmanifest), Sanātana (Eternal), Lokādhyakṣa (Presiding deity of the worlds), Prajādhyakṣa (Presiding deity of the subjects), Viśvakarman (of multifarious activities), Tamonuda (dispeller of darkness),

Varuṇa, Sagara, Aṃśu, Jīvanta (Living), Jīvana (Enlivener), Arihā (Destroyer of enemies), Bhūtāśraya (Support of living beings), Bhūtapati (Lord of living beings), Sarva-bhūta-niṣevita (Attended upon by all the living beings).

13. Sraṣṭā (Creator), Saṃvartaka (Fire of destruction), Vahni, Sarvasya-ādikara (The cause of all), Amala (Free from impurity), Ananta (Infinite), Kapila, Bhānu, Kāmada (Bestower of desires), Sarvatomukha (Omnifaced).

14. Jaya (victory), Viṣāda (Vexation or consumer of poison), Varada (Bestower of boons), Sarvadhātuniṣevita (Served by all), Dhātus (Metals, minerals), Sama (Impartial), Suvarṇa (Of excellent colour), Bhūtādi (Cause of the living beings), Śīghraga (Quick-paced), Prāṇadhāraka (Sustainer of vital airs).

15. Dhanvantari, Dhūmaketu (Smoke-emblemed), Ādideva (Primordial Lord), Aditeḥsuta (Son of Aditi), Dvādaśātma (Twelve-souled), Aravindākṣa (Lotus-eyed), Pitā (father), Mātā (Mother), Pitāmaha (Grandfather).

16. Svargadvāra (Gateway to heaven), Prajādvāra (Entrance to the subjects), Mokṣadvāra (Entrance to salvation), Triviṣṭapa (Heaven), Dehakartṛ (Creator of the physical forms), Praśāntātmā (Quiet-souled), Viśvātmā (Soul of the universe), Viśvatomukha (Having faces all round), Carācarātmā (Soul of the mobile and immobile beings), Sūkṣmātmā (Subūe-souled), Maitrena-vapuṣānvita (Endowed with the physical form of Mitra).

17. These are the one hundred eight names of the Sun-god worthy of being eulogized and having unlimited splendour. They are recited by the wise Śakra.

18. Nārada got the names from Śakra; Dhaumya got them thereafter. Yudhiṣṭhira got them from Dhaumya and obtained all desires.

19. He who daily recites these names of the Sun-god worthy of being eulogized and having unlimited splendour, shall obtain all desires.

20. For your own benefit, pay respect to the Bhāskara who is served by Suras, Pitṛs, men and Yakṣas, who is saluted by the Asuras, Niśācaras and Siddhas, who has the lustre of excellent gold and of blazing fire.

21. He who recites these names at sunrise with concentration, shall beget sons. He will get wealth and heaps of jewels. The man shall acquire the power of remembering previous births, excellent memory and prescience.

22. A man who reads this prayer of the most excellent one of Devas, he who eulogizes him with pure mind with concentration, becomes free from grief which has the force of a forest fire. He will get all things cherished in the mind.

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