Sanatkumara, aka: Sanatkumāra, Shanatkumara, Śanatkumāra, Sanat-kumara; 12 Definition(s)


Sanatkumara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śanatkumāra can be transliterated into English as Sanatkumara or Shanatkumara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Sanatkumara in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Sanatkumāra (सनत्कुमार).—One of the Sanakādis.

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1) Śanatkumāra (शनत्कुमार).—A son of Anala;1 sacred to Kurukṣetra;2 discovered yoga;3 attended Soma's rājasūya.4

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 24; 101. 26, 37, 75, 212; 105. 2; 112. 68.
  • 2) Ib. 77. 64.
  • 3) Ib. 83. 84.
  • 4) Ib. 90. 23.

2a) Sanatkumāra (सनत्कुमार).—A son of Brahmā and elder brother of Śiva; met by Pṛthu, he taught him ātmajñāna; one of the twelve who knew of Hari's dharma; did not comprehend his māyā; present at the anointing of Vāmana; praised the Lord and Aditi;1 with other sages serve the Ganges;2 Bhagavān asked Nandikeśvara about the shrines where Maheśvara stands pillar like (Sthāṇu);3 created first with Ṛbhu and Kratu; when born was called Kumāra;4 a son of Kanka, an avatār of Śiva was under father's control;5 one of the chief sages;6 spoke to Aila on the śrāddha.7

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 3. 6; III. 8. 3; 12. 4; IV. 16. 25; 17. 5. 22. 6, 18-40; 23. 9 and 41; VI. 3. 20; VIII. 23. 20, 26-7; IX. 4. 57; XI. 16. 25; Matsya-purāṇa 4. 27.
  • 2) Ib. 160. 16.
  • 3) Ib. 141. 77; 162. 13; 181. 2-4.
  • 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 9. 72, 106; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 5. 79.
  • 5) Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 132; 24. 79: 25. 92; 30. 85; 35. 45; 56. 86.
  • 6) Ib. 5. 4.
  • 7) Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 14. 11.

2b) A son of Āyu;1 a Vairāja god in Tapolokam;2 spoke of Mārtāṇḍa episode;3 in Kurukṣetra;4 present at Soma's Rājasūya.5

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 24.
  • 2) Ib. IV. 2. 214, 35.
  • 3) Ib. III. 7. 296.
  • 4) Ib. III: 10. 87; 13. 66.
  • 5) Ib. III. 19. 54; 64. 24.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Sanatkumāra (सनत्कुमार) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.61.91) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Sanatkumāra) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Sanatkumara in Shilpashastra glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Sanatkumāra (सनत्कुमार) is found as a sculpture on the third pillar of the maṇḍapa of the temple of Kāśīviśveśvara.—Sanaka, Sanandana, Sanat and Sanatkumāra, the four sages, sons of Brahmā, to whom Śiva explains the secrets of Veda through his yogic power. All four sages are sitting with folded hands signifying that they are listening to him. They are also with a yogapaṭṭa.

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (śilpa)
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Sanatkumara in Yoga glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Sanatkumāra is one of the eighty-four Siddhas associated with eighty-four Yogic postures (āsanas), according to popular tradition in Jodhpur, Rājasthān. These posture-performing Siddhas are drawn from illustrative sources known as the Nava-nātha-caurāsī-siddha from Vȧrāṇasī and the Nava-nātha-caruāsī-siddha-bālāsundarī-yogamāyā from Puṇe. They bear some similarity between the eighty-four Siddhas painted on the walls of the sanctum of the temple in Mahāmandir.

The names of these Siddhas (eg., Sanatkumāra) to 19th-century inscription on a painting from Jodhpur, which is labelled as “Maharaja Mansing and eighty-four Yogis”. The association of Siddhas with yogis reveals the tradition of seeing Matsyendra and his disciple Gorakṣa as the founders of haṭhayoga.

Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Sanatkumara in Pancaratra glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Sanatkumāra (सनत्कुमार) or Sanatkumārasaṃhitā is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, classified as a rājasa type of the Muniprokta group of Pāñcarātra Āgamas. The vaiṣṇavāgamas represent one of the three classes of āgamas (traditionally communicated wisdom).—Texts of the Pāñcara Āgamas are divided in to two sects. It is believed that Lord Vāsudeva revealed the first group of texts which are called Divya and the next group is called Muniprokta which are further divided in to three viz. a. Sāttvika. b. Rājasa (eg., Sanatkumāra-saṃhitā). c. Tāmasa.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (pancaratra)
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Sanatkumara in Jainism glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Sanatkumāra (सनत्कुमार) refers to a heavenly abode (kalpa) inhabited by Kalpopapanna gods, according to Jain cosmological texts in both the Śvetāmbara and Digambara tradition. The Kalpopapannas (‘those born in the heavens’) represent a sub-species of the Vaimānika gods, which in turn represents the fourth main classification of devas (gods). This kalpa is also known as Sanatkumārakalpa. In this specific kalpa, instead of bodily coition, a more and more refined sort of sexual satisfaction takes its place. The associated leśyā is lotus-pink. There are ten such kalpas being ruled over by sixty-four Indras (heavenly kings).

In Jain iconography, the associated animal symbol of the Śanatkumārakalpa is a boar (prakrit and sanskrit: varāha). These animals are depicted in a cosmological text of the Śvetāmbara tradition known as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna (“jewel of the compilation”), also known as the Trailokyadīpikā (“illumination of the triple world”), written by Śrīcandra in the 12th century.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Sanatkumāra (सनत्कुमार) refers to one of the sixteen heavens (kalpa) hosting the sixteen classes of empyrean celestial beings (vaimānika), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.19. The living beings residing in the vimānas are called the empyrean gods (vaimānika) and represents one of the four classes of Devas.

What is the number of layers in Sanatkumāra and Māhendra heavens? Which thought-colourations are there in Sanatkumāra-Māhendra gods? They have yellow and pink thought-colourations. What is the maximum lifespan of deities in Sanatkumāra and Māhendra kalpa? It is seven ocean-measured-periods (sāgara) for both.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Sanatkumara in Marathi glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

sanatkumāra (सनत्कुमार).—m S (Always a youth. A proper name of one of the four sons of Brahma.) A term for a continent or sanctified person; one retaining, through life, the purity and innocency of the unadult period.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sanatkumara in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Sanatkumāra (सनत्कुमार).—Name of one of the four sons of Brahman.

Derivable forms: sanatkumāraḥ (सनत्कुमारः).

Sanatkumāra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sanat and kumāra (कुमार).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sanatkumāra (सनत्कुमार).—(= Pali Sanaṃk°; doubtless in some sense to be identified with Sanskrit Sanatk°), n. or ep. of a (Mahā)brahman: Mv ii.197.5 (verse; °ra-pratimo kumāro, mss. °rā, dyutimān ayaṃ); iii.212.10 (verse; em., pṛcchāmi Brahmāṇaṃ °raṃ); 344.4 (verse; °ro, in 6 Brahmā).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sanatkumāra (सनत्कुमार).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. One of the four sons of Brahma, and eldest of the progenitors of mankind. 2. One of the twelve emperors of India according to the Jainas. E. sanat always, kumāra a youth: i. e. continent; retaining the purity of that age, or being devoid of human passion; otherwise, sanat Brahma, and kusāra son.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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