Acamana, aka: Ācamana; 9 Definition(s)


Acamana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Achamana.

In Hinduism


Ācamana (आचमन) refers to the “sipping of water and reciting mantras” before worship. It is used throughout vedic and purāṇic literature.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Purāṇas

Ācamana (आचमन).—The mode and significance of;1 occasions for performing ācamana.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 79. 42-47.
  • 2) Ib. 79. 37-42.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Ācamana (आचमन) is the Sanskrit name for a ceremony (ceremonial rinsing of the mouth by sipping water from the palm of the hand). According to the Nāṭyaśāstra 3.14-15, “During the concluding moments of the day, which are considered to be hard and full of evils, and are presided over by bhūtas, one should perform Ācamana and cause the gods to be installed.”.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
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Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

General definition (in Hinduism)

Ācamana (आचमन).—A ritual of purification in which one sips water and simultaneously chants names of the Supreme Lord.

(Source): ISKCON Press: Glossary

In Buddhism


ācamana : (nt.) rinsing.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Ācamana, (nt.) (ā + camana of cam) rinsing, washing with water, used (a) for the mouth D.I, 12 (= udakena mukhasiddhi-karaṇa DA.I, 98); (b) after evacuation J III 486.

—kumbhī water-pitcher used for rinsing Vin.I, 49, 52; II, 142, 210, 222. —pādukā slippers worn when rinsing Vin.I, 190; II, 142, 222. —sarāvaka a saucer for rinsing Vin.II, 142, 221. (Page 95)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

ācamana (आचमन).—n (S) Sipping water, before or after religious ceremonies or meals, from the palm of the hand:--whether to be swallowed after reciting a mantra, or to be ejected after rinsing the mouth. Ex. kiṃ ā0 karūna sāgara || udarāmājī jiravilā ||

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ācamana (आचमन).—n Sipping water, before or after meals, &c. from the palm of the hand.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ācamana (आचमन).—

1) Rinsing the mouth, sipping water before religious ceremonies, before and after meals &c. from the palm of the hand; दद्यादाचमनं ततः (dadyādācamanaṃ tataḥ) Y.1.243, 195 (part of the water sipped being usually allowed to drop down).

2) The water used for rinsing the mouth.

3) Gargling the throat.

4) Name of a plant Andropogon muricatum (Mar. vāḷā).

5) Water for rinsing the vulva (Āyurveda).

Derivable forms: ācamanam (आचमनम्).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Relevant definitions

Search found 6 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Ācamanavāhin (आचमनवाहिन्).—m. A drawer of water; (Hch.5.6.)Ācamanavāhin is a Sanskrit compound ...
nētrasparśa (नेत्रस्पर्श).—m Applying water or wet fin- gers to the eyes, as a substitute for ā...
Haṃsapakṣa (हंसपक्ष, “swan-wings”).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with a single han...
ṣōḍaśōpacāra (षोडशोपचार).—m The performance of 16 points in idol-worship. स
Ācamanīya (आचमनीय).—pot. p. Used for rinsing the mouth.-yam, -ācamanīyakam Water used for rinsi...
añcavaṇa (अंचवण).—n Washing the hands & mouth after a meal.--- OR --- āñcavaṇa (आंचवण).—See und...

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