Rukmi, Rukmī: 9 definitions

Introduction:

Rukmi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Rukmī (रुक्मी).—General information. King of the Province Bhojakaṭa in the country of Vidarbha. It is stated in Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 67, Stanza 62, that this Rukmī was born from a portion of the Asura named Krodhavaśa. (See full article at Story of Rukmī from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Rukmi (रुक्मि).—First son of the Vidarbha king, Bhīṣmaka; brother of Rukmiṇī, and enemy of Kṛṣṇa; capital Bhojakaṭa; wanted to give his sister Rukmiṇī to Caidya, though his brothers were for Kṛṣṇa.1 Followed Kṛṣṇa running with his sister and near the Narmadā fought with him. On an appeal from Rukmiṇī to spare his life, Rukmi was put to shame by the removal of his locks of hair and moustache and tied to his chariot; could not reconcile himself with Kṛṣṇa's action and resolved to kill Kṛṣṇa and then enter Kuṇḍina. Released by Balarāma, he built and lived in Bhojakaṭa without going back to Kuṇḍina.2 Was met by Śālva at Kuṇḍina; was stationed by Jarāsandha at the western gate of Mathurā and on the eastern side during the siege of Gomanta.3 Gave his daughter to Pradyumna in marriage to please his sister, but continued to hate Kṛṣṇa; prayed to Śiva who gave him a bow saying that it would not harm Hari; went back to Bhojakaṭa, afraid of meeting Kṛṣṇa.4 Gave his granddaughter to Aniruddha in marriage. When he invited Rāma for a game of dice on the occasion, he played falsely and insulted Balarāma (s.v.) as a cowherd and forester at which he was struck dead. Kṛṣṇa passed no comments on his death out of consideration for his brother and Rukmiṇī.5

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 52. 22; 60. 18; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 28. 9; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 29. 122.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 52. 25; 53. 2; 54. 18-36, 52; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 26 (whole).
  • 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 76. 2 [9]; 78 [5]; 50. 11 [5]; 52. 11 [6].
  • 4) Ib. X. 61. 19-23 [1-7]; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 28. 6.
  • 5) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 25-39; II. 7. 34; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 28. 11-26.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Rukmī (रुक्मी) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.61.57) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Rukmī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Rukmī (रुक्मी).—The son of King Bhīṣmaka, the King of Vidarbha, and the brother of Rukmiṇī, the first wife of Lord Kṛṣṇa. His hatred for Lord Kṛṣṇa eventually got him killed by Lord Baladeva during a chess game.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Rukmi was the son of King Bhishmaka of the Bhoja Kingdom. He wanted his sister Rukmini to marry his friend Shishupala, the King of Chedi, but she loved Krishna and informed him that she was being coerced into a marriage. Krishna abducted her when she was on her way to a temple outside the city.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds

Rukmi (रुक्मि) or Rukmin is the name of a mountain in Jambūdvīpa separating the regions Ramyaka and Hairaṇyavata. Jambūdvīpa refers to the first continent of the Madhya-loka (middle-word), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.10. The hues of the six mountains (e.g., Rukmi and Śikhari) are silvery white and golden respectively. Why do the mountains Rukmi and Śikhari have their hues? They have the hues of the sand and stones which constitute these mountains are silvery white and golden respectively.

Which lakes are there on tops of the Nīla, Rukmi (Rukmin) and Śikhari (Śikharin) mountains? The lakes on the summits of Nīla, Rukmī and Śikharī mountains are Kesari, Mahāpuṇḍarīka and Puṇḍarīka respectively.

Jambūdvīpa (where stands the Rukmi mountain) is in the centre of all continents and oceans; all continents and oceans are concentric circles with Jambūdvīpa in the centre. Like the navel is in the centre of the body, Jambūdvīpa is in the centre of all continents and oceans. Sumeru Mount is in the centre of Jambūdvīpa. It is also called Mount Sudarśana.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rukmi (रुक्मि):—[from ruc] 1. rukmi m. (only [accusative] rukmim) = rukmin (son of Bhīṣmaka), [Harivaṃśa]

2) [v.s. ...] 2. rukmi in [compound] for rukmin.

[Sanskrit to German]

Rukmi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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