Patatrin: 11 definitions


Patatrin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Patatrin (पतत्रिन्) is a Sanskrit word referring to “birds”. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (also see the Manubhāṣya verse 4.208)

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Natya Shastra

Patatrin (पतत्रिन्, “birds”).—Description of a women of bird (patatrin) type;—A woman who has a very large mouth, energetic character, loves streams, enjoys spirituous liquor and milk, has many offsprings, likes fruits, is always given to breathing and is always fond of gardens and forests, is very fickle and talkative, is said to possess the nature of a bird (patatrin or śākuna).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Patatrin in Arts glossary
Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Patatrin (पतत्रिन्) refers to “birds”, according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the yellow-eyed division of hawks]: “As Patra, Vāja and Chada are synonymous words, all birds (patatrin) have a common name Vāja. Just as, though Aśvathāmā, Karṇa, Bhīṣma, Pārtha and Rukmī could all draw the bow with their left hand, Pārtha alone was called ‘the drawer of the bow, with the left hand’ for his pre-eminence, so, though all birds are Vāja (winged), the hawks specially are called Vāja”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Patatrin (पतत्रिन्).—m.

1) A bird; दयिता द्वन्द्वचरं पतत्रिणम् (dayitā dvandvacaraṃ patatriṇam) (punareti) R.8.56;9,27;11.11;12.48; Kumārasambhava 5.4.

2) An arrow; अभिजग्राह सौमित्रिर्विनद्योभौ पतत्रिभिः (abhijagrāha saumitrirvinadyobhau patatribhiḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.287.22.

3) A horse; esp. in Aśvamedha sacrifice; पतत्रिणा तदा सार्धम् (patatriṇā tadā sārdham) Rām.1.14.34; पतत्रिणस्तस्य वपामुद्धृत्य नियतेन्द्रियः (patatriṇastasya vapāmuddhṛtya niyatendriyaḥ) 36. -n. (dual) Ved. Day and night; मामिमे पतत्रिणी वि दुग्धाम् (māmime patatriṇī vi dugdhām) Ṛgveda 1.158.4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Patatrin (पतत्रिन्).—m. (-trī) 1. A bird. 2. An arrow. 3. A horse. E. patatra a wing, ini poss. aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Patatrin (पतत्रिन्).—i. e. patatra + in, I. adj. Winged. Ii. m. 1. A bird, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 208. 2. A horse, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 13, 36. 3. An arrow, Mahābhārata 3, 16430.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Patatrin (पतत्रिन्).—[adjective] winged, feathered, flying; [masculine] bird, horse, arrow.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Patatrin (पतत्रिन्):—[from pat] mfn. winged, feathered, flying (also applied to Agni, the vehicle of the Aśvins etc.), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Upaniṣad] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] m. a bird, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] a horse, ([especially]) the h° in the Aśva-medha sacrifice, [Rāmāyaṇa i, 13, 36]

4) [v.s. ...] an arrow, [Mahābhārata iii, 16430]

5) [v.s. ...] a [particular] fire, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā]

6) [v.s. ...] n. [dual number] day and night, [Ṛg-veda i, 158. 4.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Patatrin (पतत्रिन्):—(trī) 5. m. Idem.

[Sanskrit to German]

Patatrin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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