Shikhari, Śikharī, Śikhari, Sikharī, Sikhari: 8 definitions

Introduction:

Shikhari means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śikharī and Śikhari can be transliterated into English as Sikhari or Shikhari, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

1) Śikhari (शिखरि) is synonymous with Mountain (śaila) and is mentioned in a list of 24 such synonyms according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains [viz., Śikhari], jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

2) Śikhari (शिखरि) also refers to a “tree”, as mentioned in a list of twenty-five synonyms in the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga).

3) Śikharī (शिखरी) is mentioned as a synonym for Apāmārga, a medicinal plant identified with Achyranthes aspera Linn. (“prickly chaff-flower”) from the Amaranthaceae or “amaranth” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.88-91. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Śikharī and Apāmārga, there are a total of twenty-three Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Śikharī (शिखरी) is another name for Vandāka, a medicinal plant identified with two possibly species verse, according to verse 5.68-70 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Śikharī and Vandāka, there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant. Note: Nāḍkarṇī identifies Vandāka with 1) Vanda roxburghii R. Br. while Th. B.S. et al identifies it with 2) Loranthus longiflorus Desr. of.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds

Śikhari (शिखरि) or Śikharin is the name of a mountain in Jambūdvīpa separating the regions Ramyaka and Airāvata. Jambūdvīpa refers to the first continent of the Madhya-loka (middle-word), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.10. The hues of the six mountains (e.g., Rukmi and Śikhari) are silvery white and golden respectively. Why do the mountains Rukmi and Śikhari have their hues? They have the hues of the sand and stones which constitute these mountains are silvery white and golden respectively.

Which lakes are there on tops of the Nīla, Rukmi and Śikhari (Śikharin) mountains? The lakes on the summits of Nīla, Rukmī and Śikharī mountains are Kesari, Mahāpuṇḍarīka and Puṇḍarīka respectively.

Jambūdvīpa (where stands the Śikhari mountain) is in the centre of all continents and oceans; all continents and oceans are concentric circles with Jambūdvīpa in the centre. Like the navel is in the centre of the body, Jambūdvīpa is in the centre of all continents and oceans. Sumeru Mount is in the centre of Jambūdvīpa. It is also called Mount Sudarśana.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shikhari in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sikharī : (m.) a mountain.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śikharī (शिखरी).—a S Crested or peaked;--as a mountain.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śikharī (शिखरी):—[from śikhara > śikhā] f. idem, [Rāmāyaṇa] ([Bombay edition])

2) [v.s. ...] = karkaṭa-śṛṅgī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) Śikhari (शिखरि):—[from śikhā] in [compound] for rin.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shikhari in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śikhari (ಶಿಖರಿ):—[adjective] having a conical top or appex.

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Śikhari (ಶಿಖರಿ):—

1) [noun] a mountain (that has a peak).

2) [noun] a tree.

3) [noun] a black-and-white plover, Venellus vanellus with broad, rounded wings, noted for spectacular aerial displays and shrill wailing cry; a lapwig.

4) [noun] the small plant Achyranthes aspera of Amaranthaceae family, used as an astringent depurative, as a remedy in dropsy and as an antidote to the venom of scorpion.

5) [noun] a detatchable flat cover (as of a box, tin, vessel, etc.); a lid.

6) [noun] a forest.

7) [noun] gold.

8) [noun] the jasmine Jasminum sambac; Arabian jasmine.

9) [noun] any of various solid or semisolid, viscous, usu. clear or translucent, yellowish or brownish organic substances exuded from various plants and trees; resin.

10) [noun] a kind of deer.

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Sikhari (ಸಿಖರಿ):—[noun] the small plant Achyranthes aspera of Amaranthaceae family, used as an astringent depurative, as a remedy in dropsy and as an antidote to the venom of scorpion.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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