Shikharin, Śikharin: 7 definitions


Shikharin means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śikharin can be transliterated into English as Sikharin or Shikharin, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shikharin in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Śikharin (शिखरिन्).—One of the seven mountain ranges (varṣadharaparvata) of Jambūdvīpa according to Jaina cosmology. On top of  Haimavat  lies a lake named Puṇḍarīka, having at its centre a large padmahrada (lotus-island), home to the Goddess Lakṣmī. Jambūdvīpa sits at the centre of madhyaloka (‘middle world’) is the most important of all continents and it is here where human beings reside.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds

Śikharin (शिखरिन्) or Śikhari is the name of a mountain in Jambūdvīpa separating the regions Ramyaka and Airāvata. Jambūdvīpa refers to the first continent of the Madhya-loka (middle-word), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.10. The hues of the six mountains (eg., Rukmi and Śikhari) are silvery white and golden respectively. Why do the mountains Rukmi and Śikhari have their hues? They have the hues of the sand and stones which constitute these mountains are silvery white and golden respectively.

Which lakes are there on tops of the Nīla, Rukmi and Śikhari (Śikharin) mountains? The lakes on the summits of Nīla, Rukmī and Śikharī mountains are Kesari, Mahāpuṇḍarīka and Puṇḍarīka respectively.

Jambūdvīpa (where stands the Śikharin mountain) is in the centre of all continents and oceans; all continents and oceans are concentric circles with Jambūdvīpa in the centre. Like the navel is in the centre of the body, Jambūdvīpa is in the centre of all continents and oceans. Sumeru Mount is in the centre of Jambūdvīpa. It is also called Mount Sudarśana.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Shikharin in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śikharin (शिखरिन्).—a. (-ṇī f.) [शिखरम् अस्त्यस्य इनि (śikharam astyasya ini)]

1) Crested, tufted.

2) Pointed, peaked; शिखरदशना (śikharadaśanā) Me.84. -m.

1) A mountain; मेरुः शिखरिणामहम् (meruḥ śikhariṇāmaham); इतश्च शरणार्थिनां शिखरिणां गणाः शेरते (itaśca śaraṇārthināṃ śikhariṇāṃ gaṇāḥ śerate) Bh.2.76; Me.13; R.9.12,17.

2) A hillfort.

3) A tree.

4) The lapwing.

5) The plant अपामार्ग (apāmārga).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śikharin (शिखरिन्).—mfn. (-rī-riṇī-ri) Crested, peaked, pointed. m. (-rī) 1. A mountain. 2. A tree. 3. A plant, (Achyranthes aspera.) 4. A stronghold, a hill-fort. 5. The lapwing. f. (-riṇī) 1. A form of metre, a species of the class Atyashti metre or verse of four lines of 17 syllables each. 2. A dish of curds and sugar with spices. 3. An excellent woman. 4. Arabian jasmine. 5. A line of hair extending across the navel. E. śikhara a point or peak, and ini aff.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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