Rukmin: 10 definitions


Rukmin means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Rukmin (रुक्मिन्).—One of the seven mountain ranges (varṣadharaparvata) of Jambūdvīpa according to Jaina cosmology. On top of Rukmin lies a lake named Mahāpuṇḍarīka, having at its centre a large padmahrada (lotus-island), home to the Goddess Buddhi. Jambūdvīpa sits at the centre of madhyaloka (‘middle world’) is the most important of all continents and it is here where human beings reside.

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Rukmin (रुक्मिन्) refers to one of the seven mountain ranges of Jambūdvīpa which is situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.2 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“Now, there are 7 zones here in Jambūdvīpa: Bhārata, Haimavata, Harivarṣa, Videha, Ramyaka, Hairaṇyavata, and Airāvata from south to north. Making the division between these there are 7 mountain-ranges, bounding the zones: Himavat, Mahāhimavat, Niṣadha, Nīla, Rukmin, and Śikharin with equal diameter at the base and top. [...] The lake Mahāpuṇḍarīka on Rukmin is equal to Mahāpadma. [...] Between Śikharin and Rukmin is Mount Vikaṭāpatin. [...] Mālyavat is between the Nīla and Rukmin Mountains”.

2) Rukmin (रुक्मिन्) is the name of an ancient king from Śrāvastī, according to chapter 6.6 [śrī-mallinātha-caritra].—Accordingly:—“Now Pūraṇa’s soul fell from Vaijayanta and became a king, named Rukmin, in Śrāvastī. By his wife Dhāraṇī he had a daughter Subāhu, endowed with remarkable beauty like a serpent-maiden. Because of the king’s affection, he had a special bathing ceremony made carefully by her attendants in the four months’ (rainy season). [...]”.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds

Rukmin (रुक्मिन्) or Rukmi is the name of a mountain in Jambūdvīpa separating the regions Ramyaka and Hairaṇyavata. Jambūdvīpa refers to the first continent of the Madhya-loka (middle-word), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.10. The hues of the six mountains (e.g., Rukmi and Śikhari) are silvery white and golden respectively. Why do the mountains Rukmi and Śikhari have their hues? They have the hues of the sand and stones which constitute these mountains are silvery white and golden respectively.

Which lakes are there on tops of the Nīla, Rukmi (Rukmin) and Śikhari (Śikharin) mountains? The lakes on the summits of Nīla, Rukmī and Śikharī mountains are Kesari, Mahāpuṇḍarīka and Puṇḍarīka respectively.

Jambūdvīpa (where stands the Rukmin mountain) is in the centre of all continents and oceans; all continents and oceans are concentric circles with Jambūdvīpa in the centre. Like the navel is in the centre of the body, Jambūdvīpa is in the centre of all continents and oceans. Sumeru Mount is in the centre of Jambūdvīpa. It is also called Mount Sudarśana.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rukmin (रुक्मिन्).—a.

1) Wearing golden ornaments.

2) Gilded. -m. Name of the eldest son of Bhīṣmaka and brother of Rukmiṇī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rukmin (रुक्मिन्).—m. (-kmī) The name of a prince slain by Balarama. f. (-kmiṇī) 1. The goddess Lakshmi. 2. A name of the daughter of king Bhimaka. She was betrothed to Siśupala, but she had entertained a passion for Krishna and sent to invite him to earry her off. Krishna made her his own by the Rakshasa ritual. Pra- Dyumna was her son. E. rukma gold, and ini poss. aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rukmin (रुक्मिन्).—i. e. rukma + in, I. m. The name of a prince, slain by Balarāma. Ii. f. miṇī, A princess carried off and married by Kṛṣṇa, [Mālavikāgnimitra, (ed. Tullberg.)] [distich] 77; cf. Wilson, Hind. Theatr. 2. ed. 183, n.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rukmin (रुक्मिन्):—[from ruc] mf(iṇī)n. wearing golden ornaments, adorned with gold, [Ṛg-veda; Brāhmaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of the eldest son of Bhīṣmaka and adversary of Kṛṣṇa (he was slain by Bala-rāma; See rukmiṇī above), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a mountain, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rukmin (रुक्मिन्):—(kmī) 5. m. Prince slain by Balarāma. f. Lakshmī; a princess. taken and married by Krishna.

[Sanskrit to German]

Rukmin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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