Bhishmaka, Bhīṣmaka: 8 definitions
Bhishmaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Bhīṣmaka can be transliterated into English as Bhismaka or Bhishmaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Bhīṣmaka (भीष्मक).—King of Vidarbha and born in the Bhoja dynasty, Bhīṣmaka was the father of Rukmiṇī, the wife of Śrī Kṛṣṇa. He had five sons. A friend of Bhīṣma, he conquered and ruled over a fourth of the world. He defeated the Krathas, Pāṇḍyas and Kaiśikas. He was very much devoted to Jarāsandha. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 14, Verse 21). Sahadeva, who was on a triumphal tour in connection with the Pāṇḍava’s aśvamedha yajña fought and defeated Bhīṣmaka at Bhojakaṭanagara. Bhīṣmaka was also called Hiraṇyaroma. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 31, Udyoga Parva, Chapter 158, Śānti Parva, Chapter 4).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Bhīṣmaka (भीष्मक).—The invincible king of Vidarbha, capital of Kuṇḍina (Berar);1 had five sons (Rukmi one of them) and a daughter, known as Vaidarbhī and Rukmiṇī. Agreed to his son, Rukmi's wish to give Rukmiṇī in marriage to Śiśupāla: on the eve of the day of marriage, the city was decorated; prayers were offered to Piṭrs and Devas; preseṅts were given to Brahmanas to exalt maṅgala. Damaghoṣa and other friends of the Cedi King were welcomed. Housed Rāma and Kṛṣṇa in comfortable lodgings. But Kṛṣṇa won her in the svayaṃvara;2 was stationed by Jarāsandha on the northern side during the siege of Gomanta;3 went to the Syamantapañcaka for the solar eclipse.4
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 3. 3; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 26. 1.
- 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 52. 16, 21-22; 53. 7-35; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 26. 3-6.
- 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 52. 11.
- 4) Ib. X. 82. 15.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology
Bhishmaka was the ruler of the Bhoja Kingdom. He was also known as Hiranyaroman ("golden-haired"), possibly because of his hair colour. He had a son named Rukmi and a daughter named Rukmini. His son wanted Rukmini to marry King Shishupala of the Chedis, but Rukmini eloped with Krishna of the Dasarhas instead.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Name of a son of Śantanu by Gangā.
2) Name of a king of the Vidarbhas, whose daughter Rukmiṇī was carried off by Kṛṣṇa.
Derivable forms: bhīṣmakaḥ (भीष्मकः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Bhīṣmaka (भीष्मक).—[bhīṣma + ka], m. The comtemptible Bhīṣma,
1) Bhīṣmaka (भीष्मक):—[from bhī] m. Bhīṣma the son of Śāṃtanu (used contemptuously), [Mahābhārata v, 5981]
2) [v.s. ...] Name of another king (the father of Rukmiṇī who was carried off by Kṛṣṇa), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Bhīṣmaka (भीष्मक):—(von bhīṣma) m. = bhīṣma 2, c (in verächtlicher Rede) [Mahābhārata 5, 5981.] Nomen proprium eines andern Fürsten, des Vaters der Rukmiṇī, die Kṛṣṇa entführt, [Mahābhārata 2, 126. 586. 1116.] [Harivaṃśa 4965. 5082. 5090. 5851. 6590. fgg. 7709.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 573.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 3, 3.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
Bhīṣmaka (भीष्मक):—m. —
1) = bhīṣma 2)d) in verächtlicher Rede. —
2) Nomen proprium des Vaters der Rukmiṇī.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Bhishmakatmaja.
Full-text (+1): Rukmabahu, Rukmakesha, Bhaishmaka, Rukmamalin, Hiranyaroman, Rukmi, Rukmin, Rukmini, Rukmaratha, Bhaishmaki, Bhishmakatmaja, Rukmavant, Rukmavat, Kaishika, Dakshinatyas, Druma, Vidarbha, Damaghosha, Viduratha, Shishupala.
Search found 16 books and stories containing Bhishmaka, Bhīṣmaka, Bhismaka; (plurals include: Bhishmakas, Bhīṣmakas, Bhismakas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Harivamsha Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter 52 - Conversation between Krishna and Bhishmaka < [Book 2 - Vishnu Parva]
Chapter 50 - Dantavakras Speech < [Book 2 - Vishnu Parva]
Chapter 49 - Jarasandha’s Adress to the Kings < [Book 2 - Vishnu Parva]
Dasarupaka (critical study) (by Anuru Ranjan Mishra)
Part 7 - Characters in the Rukmiṇīharaṇa < [Chapter 9 - Īhāmṛga (critical study)]
Part 2 - Summary of the drama (Rukmiṇīharaṇa) < [Chapter 9 - Īhāmṛga (critical study)]
Part 13 - Status of Women in the Rukmiṇīharaṇa < [Chapter 9 - Īhāmṛga (critical study)]
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
The Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
Section CLIX < [Bhagavat-Yana Parva]
Section XXX < [Digvijaya Parva]
Section IV < [Sabhakriya Parva]
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 142 - The Greatness of Rukmiṇī Tīrtha < [Section 3 - Revā-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 17 - The breaking of ego of Rukmi and the servants of God < [Section 4 - Dvārakā-māhātmya]
Chapter 18 - Incarnations of Vāsudeva < [Section 9 - Vāsudeva-māhātmya]
The Brahma Purana (by G. P. Bhatt)