Vajin, Vājin: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Vajin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vājin (वाजिन्).—The common name to the fifteen pupils of Yājñavalkya;1 sons of Gāndharvī;2 the Yajus granted to Yājñavalkya as horse by Sūrya.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 26, 30; Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 24-6; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 5. 29-30.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 76.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 22.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Vājin (वाजिन्).—Description of a women of horse (vājin) type;—A woman who is faithful, has symmetrical sides, thighs, hips, back and neck, straight and thick hairs, is charming, munificent, small, fickle-minded, sharp-tongued, quickly moving, and disposed to anger and sexual passion, is said to have the nature of a horse (vājin or haya).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Vajin [वाजिन्] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Justicia adhatoda L. from the Acanthaceae (Acanthus) family having the following synonyms: Adhatoda vasica, Adhatoda zeylanica. For the possible medicinal usage of vajin, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Vājin (वाजिन्) (lit. “one who is swift”) is a synonym (another name) for the Horse (Aśva), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Vājin (वाजिन्) refers to “horses”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] He, who well knows the Horā, the Gaṇita and the Saṃhitā śāstras, ought to be respected by the prince who loves victory and admitted into his court. That service, which a single Jyotiṣaka, having a knowledge of place and time can render to a prince, cannot be rendered to him by a thousand elephants or by four thousand horses [i.e., vājin]”

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Universität Wien: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā

Vājin (वाजिन्) refers to “horses”, according to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “An abnormal modification caused by a aggressive ritual against Kings, occurring at the improper time, dreadful and all-reaching, is characterized by the these signs: Suddenly horses (vājin), elephants and ministers perish, the king himself suffers from a serious illness which has seized [his] body; terrifying thunderbolts strike his dominion; [...] from such and other signs he should understand that the enemy is performing a aggressive ritual”.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Vājin.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘seven’. Note: vājin is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vājin, (adj. -n.) (fr. vāja) possessed of strength or swiftness; a horse, stallion Dāvs. I, 31; V, 35 (sita°), 53 (sasi-paṇḍara°); VvA. 278. (Page 607)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vājin (वाजिन्).—a. [vāja-astyarthe ini]

1) Swift, quick.

2) Strong.

3) Winged; having anything for wings; मुष्णं- स्तेज उपानीतस्तार्क्ष्येण स्तोत्रवाजिना (muṣṇaṃ- steja upānītastārkṣyeṇa stotravājinā) Bhāgavata 4.7.19. -m.

1) A horse; न गर्दभा वाजिधुरं वहन्ति (na gardabhā vājidhuraṃ vahanti) Mṛcchakaṭika 4.17; सत्यमतीत्य हरितो हरींश्च वर्तन्ते वाजिनः (satyamatītya harito harīṃśca vartante vājinaḥ) Ś.1; R.3.43;4.25,67; Śiśupālavadha 18.31.

2) An arrow.

3) A follower of the Vājasaneyin branch of the Yajurveda; एतावदित्याह च वाजिनां श्रुतिः (etāvadityāha ca vājināṃ śrutiḥ) A. Rām.7.5.21.

4) The sun; ऊर्ध्वपवित्रो वाजिनीव स्वमृतमस्मि (ūrdhvapavitro vājinīva svamṛtamasmi) T. Up.1.1.

5) Name of Indra, Bṛhaspati and other gods.

6) A bird; शूलव्यालसमाकीर्णां प्राणिवाजिनि- षेविताम् (śūlavyālasamākīrṇāṃ prāṇivājini- ṣevitām) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 7.14.16.

7) The number 'seven'.

-nī 1 A mare.

2) Name of Uṣas (dawn).

3) Food (Ved.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vājin (वाजिन्).—m. (-jī) 1. A horse. 2. An arrow. 3. A bird. 4. A plant (Justicia adhenatoda.) f. (-jinī) A mare. E. vāja speed or a feather, &c., and ini poss. aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vājin (वाजिन्).—i. e. vāja + in, I. adj. Swift, Chr. 290, 6 = [Rigveda.] i. 64, 6. Ii. m. 1. A sacrificer, Chr. 292, 3 = i. 86, 3. 2. A horse, [Pañcatantra] 218, 7; [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 143. 3. An arrow. 4. A bird. Iii. f. , A mare.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vājin (वाजिन्).—[adjective] swift, courageous, strong, brave, manly [masculine] hero, warrior; horse, stallion. Pl. the horses of the gods, also the sect of Vājasaneya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vājin (वाजिन्):—[from vāja] mfn. swift, spirited, impetuous, heroic, warlike, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (with ratha m. a war-chariot; [superlative degree] vājin-tama)

2) [v.s. ...] strong, manly, procreative, potent, [Ṛg-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Brāhmaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] winged, (ifc.) having any thing for wings, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] feathered (as an arrow), [Harivaṃśa]

5) [v.s. ...] m. a warrior, hero, man, [Ṛg-veda] (often applied to gods, [especially] to Agni, Indra, the Maruts etc.)

6) [v.s. ...] the steed of a war-chariot, [ib.]

7) [v.s. ...] a horse, stallion, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] Name of the number ‘seven’ [Golādhyāya] (cf. aśva)

9) [v.s. ...] a bridle, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] a bird, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] an arrow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] Adhatoda Vasika, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] [plural] ‘the Coursers’, a class of divine beings ([probably] the steeds of the gods, but [according to] to [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa] Agni, Vāyu and Sūrya), [Ṛg-veda; Brāhmaṇa; ???] (vājināṃ sāma Name of a Sāman, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa])

14) [v.s. ...] the school of Vājasaneya (so called because the Sun in the shape of a horse revealed to Yājñavalkya [particular] Yajus verses called a-yātayāmāni q.v.), [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vājin (वाजिन्):—(jī) 5. m. A horse; arrow; bird; plant as above. f. A mare.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vājin (वाजिन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vāji.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vajin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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