Mrid, aka: Mṛd, Mṛḍ; 6 Definition(s)


Mrid means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Mṛd and Mṛḍ can be transliterated into English as Mrd or Mrid, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

1) Mṛd (मृद्, “clay”) refers to the material used to make earthen phallic embles (pārtiva-liṅga), according to the Śivapurāṇa 1.20.—“[...] O Brahmins, he shall bring clay (mṛd) from a clean place and carefully make the phallic image. White clay is to be used by a brahmin; red clay by a Kṣatriya; yellow clay by a Vaiśya and black clay by a Sūdra. Anything available shall be used if the specified clay is not found. After taking the clay he shall place it in an auspicious place for making the image. After washing the clay (mṛd) clean with water and kneading it slowly he shall prepare a good earthen phallic image according to the Vedic direction. Then he shall worship it with devotion for the sake of enjoying worldly pleasures here and salvation hereafter”.

Further, “thus the Vedic rite of the worship of Śiva has been explained in detail. Now listen to the excellent Vedic rite in brief. The clay (mṛd) shall be brought with the mantra ‘Sadyo Jātam’. The sprinkling of water shall be performed with the mantra ‘Vāmadevāya’”.

2) Mṛd (मृद्, “earth”) or Mṛṇmaya represents the material of the liṅga of Brahmins and their wives, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.12, where the Devas and Viṣṇu requested Viśvakarman for liṅgas for the achievement of the desires of all people:—“[...] at our bidding Viśvakarmā made liṅgas and gave them to the devas according to their status. [...] Great Brahmins and their wives chose liṅgas of earth (Mṛd-liṅga). Maya took a liṅga of sandalwood and Śeṣa nāga took a coral-made liṅga. [...] Thus different kinds of liṅgas were given to them by Viśvakarmā which the devas and the celestial sages worship regularly. After giving the devas the various liṅgas from a desire for their benefit, Viṣṇu explained the mode of worship of Śiva to me, Brahmā”.

Source: Siva Purana - English Translation
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Mṛd (मृद्) or Mṛt refers to “good clay” or “earth” and is mentioned in a list of synonyms for mṛttakā (“clay”), according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil [viz., Mṛd], mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Mṛd (मृद्) denotes ‘clay’ in the later Saṃhitās and the Brāhmaṇas (cf. Mṛttikā). A ‘lump of clay’ also occurs in the Brāhmaṇas, and a Mṛtpaca, ‘potter’, in the Maitrāyaṇī-upaniṣad. A ‘clay vessel’, Mṛtpātra, and vessels (pātra) made of clay (mṛn-maya), are mentioned, and the grave is called the ‘house of clay’.

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Mṛd (मृद्, “earth”) refers to an article of food classified as abhakṣya (forbidden to eat) according to Nemicandra (in his Pravacana-sāroddhāra v245-246). Earth (mṛd) is prohibited because it contains pṛthvī-kāyas, because it may be a source of generation of trasa-jīvas with the full five senses like frogs, and because it may cause intestinal maladies. Salt is expressly excluded from the abhakṣyas as being essential to life but all other kinds of earth including chalk (khaṭikā) are covered by the ban.

Source: Jaina Yoga
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mṛḍ (मृड्).—6, 9 P. (mṛḍati, mṛḍnāti)

1) To be gracious, be pleased.

2) To forgive, pardon.

3) To delight, gladden; इन्द्रारिव्याकुलं लोकं मृडयन्ति युगे युगे (indrārivyākulaṃ lokaṃ mṛḍayanti yuge yuge) Bhāg.1.3.28.

4) To be delighted or happy.

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Mṛd (मृद्).—9 P. (mṛdnāti, mṛdita)

1) To squeeze, press, rub; मम च मृदितं क्षौमं बाल्ये त्वदङ्गविवर्तनैः (mama ca mṛditaṃ kṣaumaṃ bālye tvadaṅgavivartanaiḥ) Ve.5.4.

2) To trample or tread upon; crush, dash to pieces, kill, destroy, pound, bruise, pulverize; तान मर्दीदखादीच्च (tāna mardīdakhādīcca) Bk.15. 35; बलान्यमृद्नान्नलिनाभवक्त्रः (balānyamṛdnānnalinābhavaktraḥ) R.18.5.

3) To rub, stroke, rub against, touch; अस्मिन्नसौ मृदितपक्ष्मलरल्लकाङ्गः (asminnasau mṛditapakṣmalarallakāṅgaḥ) Śi.4.61.

4) To overcome, surpass.

5) To wipe away, rub off, remove.

6) (In astr.) To pass through (as a constellation). -Caus. (mardayati) = मृद् (mṛd) q. v. above.

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Mṛd (मृद्).—f. [mṛdyate mṛd karmaṇi kvip]

1) Clay, earth, loam; आमोदं कुसुमभवं मृदेव धत्ते मृद्गन्धं न हि कुसुमानि धारयन्ति (āmodaṃ kusumabhavaṃ mṛdeva dhatte mṛdgandhaṃ na hi kusumāni dhārayanti) Subhāṣ.; प्रभवति शुचिर्बिम्बोद्ग्राहे मणिर्न मृदां चयः (prabhavati śucirbimbodgrāhe maṇirna mṛdāṃ cayaḥ) U.2.4.

2) A piece of earth, lump of clay; मृदः शुद्धिमभीप्सता (mṛdaḥ śuddhimabhīpsatā) Ms.5.136.

3) A mound of earth.

4) A kind of fragrant earth.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mṛḍ (मृड्).—r. 6th cl. (mṛḍati) r. 9th cl. (mṛḍṇāti) 1. To delight, to make happy. 2. To rejoice, to be happy or delighted. r. 9th cl. (According to some authorities,) To grind or pound.

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Mṛd (मृद्).—r. 9th cl. (mṛdnāti) 1. To grind, to powder, to reduce to dust or powder. 2. To trample on, to tread under foot. 3. To squeeze. 4. To wipe away. 5. To overcome.

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Mṛd (मृद्).—f. (mṛd or mṛt) 1. Earth, soil, clay. 2. A fragrant earth. E. mṛd to trample on, aff. kvip.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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