Mrid, aka: Mṛd, Mṛḍ; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Mrid means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Mṛd and Mṛḍ can be transliterated into English as Mrd or Mrid, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Mṛd (मृद्) or Mṛt refers to “good clay” or “earth” and is mentioned in a list of synonyms for mṛttakā (“clay”), according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil [viz., Mṛd], mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu
Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Mṛd (मृद्) denotes ‘clay’ in the later Saṃhitās and the Brāhmaṇas (cf. Mṛttikā). A ‘lump of clay’ also occurs in the Brāhmaṇas, and a Mṛtpaca, ‘potter’, in the Maitrāyaṇī-upaniṣad. A ‘clay vessel’, Mṛtpātra, and vessels (pātra) made of clay (mṛn-maya), are mentioned, and the grave is called the ‘house of clay’.

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Mṛd (मृद्, “earth”) refers to an article of food classified as abhakṣya (forbidden to eat) according to Nemicandra (in his Pravacana-sāroddhāra v245-246). Earth (mṛd) is prohibited because it contains pṛthvī-kāyas, because it may be a source of generation of trasa-jīvas with the full five senses like frogs, and because it may cause intestinal maladies. Salt is expressly excluded from the abhakṣyas as being essential to life but all other kinds of earth including chalk (khaṭikā) are covered by the ban.

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mṛḍ (मृड्).—6, 9 P. (mṛḍati, mṛḍnāti)

1) To be gracious, be pleased.

2) To forgive, pardon.

3) To delight, gladden; इन्द्रारिव्याकुलं लोकं मृडयन्ति युगे युगे (indrārivyākulaṃ lokaṃ mṛḍayanti yuge yuge) Bhāg.1.3.28.

4) To be delighted or happy.

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Mṛd (मृद्).—9 P. (mṛdnāti, mṛdita)

1) To squeeze, press, rub; मम च मृदितं क्षौमं बाल्ये त्वदङ्गविवर्तनैः (mama ca mṛditaṃ kṣaumaṃ bālye tvadaṅgavivartanaiḥ) Ve.5.4.

2) To trample or tread upon; crush, dash to pieces, kill, destroy, pound, bruise, pulverize; तान मर्दीदखादीच्च (tāna mardīdakhādīcca) Bk.15. 35; बलान्यमृद्नान्नलिनाभवक्त्रः (balānyamṛdnānnalinābhavaktraḥ) R.18.5.

3) To rub, stroke, rub against, touch; अस्मिन्नसौ मृदितपक्ष्मलरल्लकाङ्गः (asminnasau mṛditapakṣmalarallakāṅgaḥ) Śi.4.61.

4) To overcome, surpass.

5) To wipe away, rub off, remove.

6) (In astr.) To pass through (as a constellation). -Caus. (mardayati) = मृद् (mṛd) q. v. above.

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Mṛd (मृद्).—f. [mṛdyate mṛd karmaṇi kvip]

1) Clay, earth, loam; आमोदं कुसुमभवं मृदेव धत्ते मृद्गन्धं न हि कुसुमानि धारयन्ति (āmodaṃ kusumabhavaṃ mṛdeva dhatte mṛdgandhaṃ na hi kusumāni dhārayanti) Subhāṣ.; प्रभवति शुचिर्बिम्बोद्ग्राहे मणिर्न मृदां चयः (prabhavati śucirbimbodgrāhe maṇirna mṛdāṃ cayaḥ) U.2.4.

2) A piece of earth, lump of clay; मृदः शुद्धिमभीप्सता (mṛdaḥ śuddhimabhīpsatā) Ms.5.136.

3) A mound of earth.

4) A kind of fragrant earth.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 49 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Pandumrid
Pāṇḍumṛd (पाण्डुमृद्).—f. chalk. Pāṇḍumṛd is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pāṇḍu ...
Mritkira
Mṛtkirā (मृत्किरा).—an earthworm. Mṛtkirā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mṛd an...
Mritpaca
Mṛtpaca (मृत्पच).—a potter. Derivable forms: mṛtpacaḥ (मृत्पचः).Mṛtpaca is a Sanskrit compound ...
Mridbhanda
Mṛdbhāṇḍa (मृद्भाण्ड).—earthen-ware, a vessel of clay. Derivable forms: mṛdbhāṇḍam (मृद्भाण्डम्...
Girimrid
Girimṛd (गिरिमृद्).—f., Girimṛd is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms giri and mṛd (मृ...
Mritkshara
Mṛtkṣāra (मृत्क्षार).—a radish. Derivable forms: mṛtkṣāram (मृत्क्षारम्).Mṛtkṣāra is a Sanskrit...
Mritkana
Mṛtkaṇa (मृत्कण).—a small clod or lump of earth. Derivable forms: mṛtkaṇaḥ (मृत्कणः).Mṛtkaṇa is...
Mrilloshta
Mṛlloṣṭa (मृल्लोष्ट).—a clod of earth. Derivable forms: mṛlloṣṭaḥ (मृल्लोष्टः).Mṛlloṣṭa is a Sa...
Mritpatra
Mṛtpātra (मृत्पात्र).—earthen-ware, a vessel of clay. Derivable forms: mṛtpātram (मृत्पात्रम्)....
Mritkamsya
Mṛtkāṃsya (मृत्कांस्य).—an earthen vessel. Derivable forms: mṛtkāṃsyam (मृत्कांस्यम्).Mṛtkāṃsya...
Mritprakshepa
Mṛtprakṣepa (मृत्प्रक्षेप).—scattering earth over (for purification); मृत्प्रक्षेपेण शुध्यति (m...
Mridga
Mṛdga (मृद्ग).—a. growing in clay. -gaḥ a kind of fish. Mṛdga is a Sanskrit compound consisting...
Mridghata
Mṛdghaṭa (मृद्घट).—an earthen pot, pitcher. Derivable forms: mṛdghaṭaḥ (मृद्घटः).Mṛdghaṭa is a ...
Mritstoma
Mṛtstoma (मृत्स्तोम).—a heap of earth.Derivable forms: mṛtstomaḥ (मृत्स्तोमः).Mṛtstoma is a San...
Mritkara
Mṛtkara (मृत्कर).—a potter. Derivable forms: mṛtkaraḥ (मृत्करः).Mṛtkara is a Sanskrit compound ...

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