Manushyayajna, Manuṣyayajña, Manushya-yajna: 12 definitions



Manushyayajna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Manuṣyayajña can be transliterated into English as Manusyayajna or Manushyayajna, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Manushyayajna in Shaktism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Manuṣyayajña (मनुष्ययज्ञ):—One of the five Great-Sacrifices (pañchamahāyajña);—This sacrifice is intended to honor fellow human beings and to enforce societal responsibilities. The fulfilment of these sacrifices (or, five debts) are presented as the duty of every human being. The five sacrifices are presided over by Chinnamastā (one of the ten mahāvidyās), who represents the power of the sacrifice (yajña).

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

[«previous next»] — Manushyayajna in Dharmashastra glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Manuṣyayajña (मनुष्ययज्ञ):—One of the five great sacrifices (pañcamahāyajña) to be performed by a householder, according to Manu. Nṛyajña refers to the practice of hospitality to the guests. It is also known as Nṛyajña.

Source: Shodhganga: Vaikhanasa Grhyasutra Bhasya (Critical Edition and Study)

Manuṣyayajña (मनुष्ययज्ञ) refers to the ritual of “feeding the guests that arrive during ‘vaiśvadeva’ sacrifice” and represents one of the various rituals mentioned in the Vaikhānasagṛhyasūtra (viz., vaikhānasa-gṛhya-sūtra) which belongs to the Taittirīya school of the Black Yajurveda (kṛṣṇayajurveda).—The original Gṛhyasūtra of Vaikhanāsa consists of eleven chapters or “praśnas”. Each praśna is subdivided into sub-divisions called “khaṇḍa”. But only the first seven chapters deal with actual Gṛhyasūtra section. Manuṣyayajña is one of the five pañcamahāyajñas.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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India history and geography

[«previous next»] — Manushyayajna in India history glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Manuṣya-yajña.—(CII 4), reception of guests; one of the five mahāyajñas. Note: manuṣya-yajña is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Manushyayajna in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

manuṣyayajña (मनुष्ययज्ञ).—n (S) The fifth of the five mahāyajña,--setting apart from the prepared meal of a portion for any atithi or dropper-in claiming hospitality. See pañcayajña.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Manushyayajna in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Manuṣyayajña (मनुष्ययज्ञ).—hospitality, hospitable reception of guests, one of the five daily acts of a house-holder; see नृयज्ञ (nṛyajña).

Derivable forms: manuṣyayajñaḥ (मनुष्ययज्ञः).

Manuṣyayajña is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms manuṣya and yajña (यज्ञ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Manuṣyayajña (मनुष्ययज्ञ).—m.

(-jñaḥ) Hospitality, (one of the five daily acts of piety.) E. manuṣya a man, and yajña sacrifice, sacrament.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Manuṣyayajña (मनुष्ययज्ञ).—[masculine] sacrifice to men, i.e. charity, hospitality, etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Manuṣyayajña (मनुष्ययज्ञ):—[=manuṣya-yajña] [from manuṣya > man] m. ‘man-offering’, the act of devotion due to men (id est. atithi-pūjana, the honouring of guests or hospitality, one of the 5 mahā-yājñas q.v.), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Manuṣyayajña (मनुष्ययज्ञ):—[manuṣya-yajña] (jñaḥ) 1. m. Hospitality.

[Sanskrit to German]

Manushyayajna in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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