Madhavacikitsa, aka: Mādhavacikitsā, Madhava-cikitsa; 2 Definition(s)

Introduction

Madhavacikitsa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Madhavachikitsa.

In Hinduism

General definition (in Hinduism)

Madhavacikitsa in Hinduism glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

The Mādhavacikitsā (माधवचिकित्सा) text, one of the most important post Caraka-Suśruta Samhitās reveals that there are a total of 182 vernacular (Sanskrit) plant names in the text for the treatment of all major types of fever. These 182 plant names are actually of 105 medicinal plant species. These 105 plant species belong to 53 families; out of which a maximum of 10 species are from family Fabaceae, 6 from Asteraceae and 5 each from Verbenaceae, Euphorbiaceae and Poaceae.

Source: NISCAIR: Medicinal plants for the treatment of fever (Jvaracikitsā) in the Mādhavacikitsā tradition of India

Madhava Chikitsa is surely a text of Acharya Madavakara, son of Acharya Indukara. Most of the chapter discussed in Madhava Chikitsa are at par with the sequence of the chapter of Madhava Nidana. Unique references and specific mentioning are also cited here and there. The Ubhaya Panchadashaka Yantra and Ubhaya trimshaka yantra mentioned under Striroga Chikitsa are unique references which determine the incorporation of Tantric ways in Ayurvedic practices. Madhavakara, being a scholar of Shaiva sampradaya (by name Vaishnava?) surely hides out the practices of his time period. (In Mangalacharana also the author appraises Lord Shiva).

The author Madhavakara refers the use of various acidic fermented products (Kanjika, Sauvira, Shukla Chukra etc.) in most of the diseases. Rasashastric preparations are referred in lesser contexts. As a part of Daivavyapashraya and Satvavajaya chikitsa several Mantra (Sacred hymns) and Bali (sacred oblages) are mentioned in the test and it looks different from the primordial literatures Charaka Samhita, Sushruta Samhita and Ashtanga Samgratha/Hridaya.

Source: Exotic India: Madhava Chikitsa

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