Madhavacikitsa, Mādhavacikitsā, Madhava-cikitsa: 5 definitions
Madhavacikitsa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Madhavachikitsa.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā
Mādhavacikitsā (माधवचिकित्सा) refers to a treatise on principles of therapeutics, is one of the classical Ayurvedic treatises in Sanskrit. It is believed to have been composed in 7th century CE by Mādhava, popularly known as Mādhavācārya or Mādhavakāra.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: NISCAIR: Medicinal plants for the treatment of fever (Jvaracikitsā) in the Mādhavacikitsā tradition of India
The Mādhavacikitsā (माधवचिकित्सा) text, one of the most important post Caraka-Suśruta Samhitās reveals that there are a total of 182 vernacular (Sanskrit) plant names in the text for the treatment of all major types of fever. These 182 plant names are actually of 105 medicinal plant species. These 105 plant species belong to 53 families; out of which a maximum of 10 species are from family Fabaceae, 6 from Asteraceae and 5 each from Verbenaceae, Euphorbiaceae and Poaceae.Source: Exotic India: Madhava Chikitsa
Madhava Chikitsa is surely a text of Acharya Madavakara, son of Acharya Indukara. Most of the chapter discussed in Madhava Chikitsa are at par with the sequence of the chapter of Madhava Nidana. Unique references and specific mentioning are also cited here and there. The Ubhaya Panchadashaka Yantra and Ubhaya trimshaka yantra mentioned under Striroga Chikitsa are unique references which determine the incorporation of Tantric ways in Ayurvedic practices. Madhavakara, being a scholar of Shaiva sampradaya (by name Vaishnava?) surely hides out the practices of his time period. (In Mangalacharana also the author appraises Lord Shiva).
The author Madhavakara refers the use of various acidic fermented products (Kanjika, Sauvira, Shukla Chukra etc.) in most of the diseases. Rasashastric preparations are referred in lesser contexts. As a part of Daivavyapashraya and Satvavajaya chikitsa several Mantra (Sacred hymns) and Bali (sacred oblages) are mentioned in the test and it looks different from the primordial literatures Charaka Samhita, Sushruta Samhita and Ashtanga Samgratha/Hridaya.
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