Madhucchishta, Madhucchiṣṭa, Madhu-ucchishta: 9 definitions

Introduction:

Madhucchishta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Madhucchiṣṭa can be transliterated into English as Madhucchista or Madhucchishta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Madhuchchhishta.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Madhucchishta in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Madhucchiṣṭa (मधुच्छिष्ट) refers to “beeswax”, a kind of wax produced by honey bees. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

[«previous next»] — Madhucchishta in Shilpashastra glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Vaisnava Agamas And Visnu Images

Madhūcchiṣṭa (मधूच्छिष्ट) or Madhūcchiṣṭakriyā refers to “wax-modelled icons”, as defined in treatises such as the Pāñcarātra, Pādmasaṃhitā and Vaikhānasa-āgamas, extensively dealing with the technical features of temple art, iconography and architecture in Vaishnavism.—The Vaiṣṇava Āgamas insist that the metal icons should be made through a casting process called Madhūcchiṣṭa-kriyā. Re-iteration of this process in every place in the Agamic texts dealing with metal icons shows that there are other possible processes for metal casting. Prohibition of relief metal icons (ardhacitra) is an important aspect in the Vaiṣṇava Āgamas. Probably the casting of relief icons is by the moulding way (plate moulding). Hollow icons (antaḥsuṣira) are generally created by attaching two relief icons of one-side moulding. This is al o prohibited in the Vaiṣṇava Āgamas.

The Agamas divide the process of Madhūcchiṣṭa-kriyā into three steps:—

  1. creation of icon using bee wax (madhūcchiṣṭa),
  2. creation of garbha (core or mould in full),
  3. casting of metal icon and finishing work.

The Vaiṣṇava Āgamas are very specific that the main icon (mūrti), the pedestal (pīṭha) and prabhā must be cast together with identical materia1.

The term Madhūcchiṣṭa (madhu + ucchiṣṭa) means bee wax. Even in modern casting technique bee wax is used by the sculptors but not the paraffin. The model icon of bee wax should be created in full (like citra) with proper dimensions which includes the ornaments, garments and attributes (āyudhas). The bee-wax is kept in the container on the tripod and melted in mild fire, says Marīci. The melted bee-wax must be purified by filtering through a new cloth before making the model icon, thus Atri and Marīci insist. The processed bee wax is known as “siktha”or “snigdha”.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Madhucchishta in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Madhūcchiṣṭa (मधूच्छिष्ट).—n.

(-ṣṭaṃ) Bee's wax. E. madhru honey and ucchiṣṭa left, rejected.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Madhūcchiṣṭa (मधूच्छिष्ट).—[neuter] bees-wax, wax.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Madhūcchiṣṭa (मधूच्छिष्ट):—[from madhu] n. bees-wax, [Mahābhārata; Yājñavalkya; Suśruta] etc. (cf. madhu-śiṣṭa, -śeṣa)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Madhūcchiṣṭa (मधूच्छिष्ट):—(ṣṭaṃ) 1. n. Bee’s wax.

[Sanskrit to German]

Madhucchishta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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