Madhucchishta, Madhucchiṣṭa, Madhu-ucchishta: 12 definitions
Madhucchishta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Madhucchiṣṭa can be transliterated into English as Madhucchista or Madhucchishta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Alternative spellings of this word include Madhuchchhishta.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Madhucchiṣṭa (मधुच्छिष्ट) refers to “beeswax”, a kind of wax produced by honey bees. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Madhūcchiṣṭa (मधूच्छिष्ट) or Madhūcchiṣṭakriyā refers to “wax-modelled icons”, as defined in treatises such as the Pāñcarātra, Pādmasaṃhitā and Vaikhānasa-āgamas, extensively dealing with the technical features of temple art, iconography and architecture in Vaishnavism.—The Vaiṣṇava Āgamas insist that the metal icons should be made through a casting process called Madhūcchiṣṭa-kriyā. Re-iteration of this process in every place in the Agamic texts dealing with metal icons shows that there are other possible processes for metal casting. Prohibition of relief metal icons (ardhacitra) is an important aspect in the Vaiṣṇava Āgamas. Probably the casting of relief icons is by the moulding way (plate moulding). Hollow icons (antaḥsuṣira) are generally created by attaching two relief icons of one-side moulding. This is al o prohibited in the Vaiṣṇava Āgamas.
The Agamas divide the process of Madhūcchiṣṭa-kriyā into three steps:—
- creation of icon using bee wax (madhūcchiṣṭa),
- creation of garbha (core or mould in full),
- casting of metal icon and finishing work.
The Vaiṣṇava Āgamas are very specific that the main icon (mūrti), the pedestal (pīṭha) and prabhā must be cast together with identical materia1.
The term Madhūcchiṣṭa (madhu + ucchiṣṭa) means bee wax. Even in modern casting technique bee wax is used by the sculptors but not the paraffin. The model icon of bee wax should be created in full (like citra) with proper dimensions which includes the ornaments, garments and attributes (āyudhas). The bee-wax is kept in the container on the tripod and melted in mild fire, says Marīci. The melted bee-wax must be purified by filtering through a new cloth before making the model icon, thus Atri and Marīci insist. The processed bee wax is known as “siktha”or “snigdha”.Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (shilpa)
Madhūcchiṣṭa (मधूच्छिष्ट) refers to “wax from bees” and represents one of the various substances used in the process of creating a Canvas, in the ancient Indian art of Painting (citra), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—Canvas is a kind of surface on which a painter can draw a picture. In ancient time walls are seen to be plastered with different substances (i.e., madhūcchiṣṭa) and these were prepared for Painting. [...] For the process of kuḍya i.e., plastering on a wall, the painter needs iṣṭakācūrṇa i.e., powder of bricks and mṛd i.e., clay as basic ingredients. [...] Along with this mixture, some more ingredients [viz., madhūcchiṣṭa i.e., a wax from bees, ... etc.] should be mingled. After that, the mixture should be transferred to a touch stone mortar for the process of pounding.
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)
madhūcchiṣṭa (तगर) refers to “wax”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 16) (“On the planets—graha-bhaktiyoga”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] Jupiter also presides over elephants, horses, priests, rulers, ministers, marriages and health; over mercy, truthfulness, cleanliness, religious observances; over learning, gifts and charity; over citizens, rich men, grammarians, Vedic students, sorcerers, lawyers, the ensigns of royalty—the umbrella, the flag-staff, the Cāmara and the like; over Śaileyaka, Mānsī, Tagara, Kuṣṭha, quicksilver, salt, beans, sweet flavour, wax (madhūcchiṣṭa) and Coraka”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Languages of India and abroad
(-ṣṭaṃ) Bee's wax. E. madhru honey and ucchiṣṭa left, rejected.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Madhūcchiṣṭa (मधूच्छिष्ट).—[neuter] bees-wax, wax.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Madhūcchiṣṭa (मधूच्छिष्ट):—[from madhu] n. bees-wax, [Mahābhārata; Yājñavalkya; Suśruta] etc. (cf. madhu-śiṣṭa, -śeṣa)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Madhūcchiṣṭa (मधूच्छिष्ट):—(ṣṭaṃ) 1. n. Bee’s wax.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Partial matches: Ucchishta, Madhu.
Starts with: Madhucchishtasthita, Madhucchishtavastra, Madhucchishtavidhana.
Full-text: Madhucchishtasthita, Snigdha, Madhushishta, Shiktha, Ratnanyasa, Beeswax, Wax, Asampurna, Garbha, Khandita, Sphutita, Vighasa, Jatibandhana, Ardhacitra, Antahsushira, Kirita, Phalaka, Madhucchishtavidhana, Ucchishta.
Search found 7 books and stories containing Madhucchishta, Madhucchiṣṭa, Madhucchista, Madhu-ucchista, Madhu-ucchiṣṭa, Madhu-ucchishta, Madhūcchiṣṭa; (plurals include: Madhucchishtas, Madhucchiṣṭas, Madhucchistas, ucchistas, ucchiṣṭas, ucchishtas, Madhūcchiṣṭas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 10.88 < [Section IX - Variations in the Functions of the Brāhmaṇa due to Abnormal Conditions]
The Agni Purana (by N. Gangadharan)
Manasara (English translation) (by Prasanna Kumar Acharya)
Vishnudharmottara Purana (Art and Architecture) (by Bhagyashree Sarma)
5. Preparation of Canvas before Painting < [Chapter 5 - Painting and Image Making]
Amarakoshodghatana of Kshirasvamin (study) (by A. Yamuna Devi)
Economics (3): Goods of trade < [Chapter 3 - Social Aspects]
Kautilya Arthashastra (by R. Shamasastry)
Chapter 4 - The Operation of a Siege < [Book 13 - Strategic Means to Capture a Fortress]