Madhavi, Mādhavī: 14 definitions
Madhavi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Mādhavī (माधवी):—One of the sixty-four Divyauṣadhi, which are powerful drugs for solidifying mercury (rasa), according to Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara (chapter 9).
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Mādhavī (माधवी) is a Sanskrit word referring to Hiptage benghalensis (hiptage) from the Malpighiaceae family. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā.
Hiptage (mādhavī) has the following synonyms: Mādhavikā, Mādhvī, Madhubahulā, Mādhavavallī, Bhadravallī, Candravallī, Mahāvallī, Mahājāti, Latāmādhavī, Latā, Bhṛṅgapriyā, Bhramarānanda, Puṇḍra, Vasantadūtī and Vāsantikā.Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)
Mādhavī (माधवी) refers to “spring-flowers” (identified with Hiptage madablota Gaertn), mentioned in verse 3.34 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] In groves in which the hot-rayed one is darkened by cloud-grazing huge Sal trees and Palmyra palms, (and which are) profuse in bunches of grapes clinging to spring-flowers [viz., mādhavī] in a rest-house in which (are found) plenty of cloths besprinkled with fragrant cold water, [...]”.
Note: mādhavī-śliṣṭa (“clinging to spring-flowers”) has been separated from, and interchanged with, drākṣāstabakaśālin (“profuse in bunches of grapes”), and has been rendered more freely by ’khri-śiṅ daṅ ldan (“endowed with creepers”). The term mādhavī (from mādhava) (“spring-flower”) denotes a species of creepers alternatively called atimuktaka and generally identified as Hiptage madablota Gaertn.—For daṅ ldan CD read ldan daṅ, which does not make sense here.Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Mādhavī (माधवी) is another name for Śatāhvā, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 4.10-13 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Also see the description of the plant Miśreyā. Together with the names Mādhavī and Śatāhvā, there are a total of twenty-four Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Mādhavī (माधवी).—Daughter of King Yayāti. A lady recluse she always wore deer-hide as her garment and went on observing a Vrata called Mṛgavrata: Yayāti gave this daughter in marriage to Gālava. (Śloka 12, Chapter 145, Udyoga Parva). Mādhavī bore a son named Vasumān alias Vasumanas to Haryaśva, King of Ayodhyā. She got of Divodāsa, King of Kāśī, another son named Pratardana; of the King of Uśīnara she got a son named Śibi. Besides these she got a son named Aṣṭaka of Viśvāmitra. (See under Gālava). When the accrued merit of Yayāti was exhausted and he fell down from heaven Mādhavī consented to part with half of her stock of merit to Yayāti. (See under Yayāti).
2) Mādhavī (माधवी).—A follower of Subrahmaṇya. (Śloka 7, Chapter 46, Śalya Parva).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Mādhavī (माधवी).—A name of Yogamāyā.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 2. 12.
1b) Name of Subhadrā.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 84. 1.
1c) A river in the Kuru country.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 73.
1d) A Varṇa śakti.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 61.
1e) A Goddess enshrined at Śrīśaila.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 31.
1f) A R. from the Jayā lake.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 47. 71.
1g) See Mahī.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 4. 20.
Mādhavī (माधवी) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.90.12). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Mādhavī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)
Madhavi (Madavi) is the name of a dancing girl mentioned in Cilappatikāram: an ancient epic authored by Ilango Adigal representing an important piece of Tamil literature.—Madavi (Madhavi) is said to have descended from the distinguished line of celestial nymphs, especially from Urvasi. Urvasi, the celestial nymph, was dancing once at the court of Indra when her glance met the impassioned gaze of Jayanta, son of Indra. As a result, her mind was diverted and she stopped her dance for a while. Sage Agastya observed this and pronounced a curse on them in anger. His curse was that Urvasi was to be born on earth as a Devadasi and Jayanta to be born as a bamboo tree in the Vindhya Mountains. It is believed that this is how the Devadasi community came into existence. Madavi was born in this Devadasi tradition. (cf. The Silappadikaram, p. 97).
The Cilappatikāram depicts the previous birth history of Madavi (Madhavi); her training in dance and music for seven years from the age of five to twelve, and her dance venture on stage at the age of twelve. Madavi emerged as a dancer under the guidance of such a perfect dance teacher. Madavi was not only beautiful, but also an expert in music and dance. The third canto of Araṅkeṟṟukāṭai in Cilappatikāram vividly describes Madavi’s proficiency in dance, strictly adhering to Nāṭya Nannūl (rules and regulations of dance). Madavi’s reputation spread around the world. From the references it is clear that around the 2nd century AD, during the time of Cilappatikāram, the eleven dance forms were performed in a vettiyal (a kind of dance performed in the presence of a king).
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam
Mādhavī (माधवी) refers to:—A fragrant, honey-laden creeper; a name for Śrī Rādhā. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
mādhavī (माधवी).—m (mādhava) A personage of the stage. He is the Buffoon or Interlocutor with the audience between the acts or scenes.
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mādhavī (माधवी).—f (S) A large creeper bearing white and fragrant flowers, Gœrtnera racemosa.
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mādhavī (माधवी).—f (madhu Honey.) Spirituous liquor distilled from honey. The three kinds of spirits are gauḍī, mādhavī, paiṣṭhī.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
mādhavī (माधवी).—f Spirituous liquor distilled from honey. A creeper. m A personage of the stage. The buffoon.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Candied sugar.
2) A kind of drink made from honey.
3) The spring-creeper (vārasantī), with white fragrant flowers; पत्राणामिव शोषणेन मरुता स्पृष्टा लता माधवी (patrāṇāmiva śoṣaṇena marutā spṛṣṭā latā mādhavī) Ś.3.9; Me.8.
4) The sacred basil.
5) The earth (also with devī); तथा मे माधवी देवी विवरं दातुमर्हति (tathā me mādhavī devī vivaraṃ dātumarhati) Rām. 7.97.14-16.
6) A procuress, bawd.
7) Affluence in cattle.
8) (In music) A particular RāginīSource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Mādhavī (माधवी):—[from mādhava] a f. See below
2) Mādhavi (माधवि):—[from mādhava] m. [patronymic] of Pradyumna, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]
3) Mādhavī (माधवी):—[from mādhava] b f. the earth (also with devī), [Rāmāyaṇa]
4) [v.s. ...] ‘spring-flower’, Gaertnera Racemosa, [Kālidāsa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
5) [v.s. ...] honey-sugar, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) [v.s. ...] an intoxicating drink, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
7) [v.s. ...] a kind of grass, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
8) [v.s. ...] sacred basil, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
9) [v.s. ...] Anethum Sowa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
10) [v.s. ...] a procuress, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
11) [v.s. ...] affluence in cattle or herds, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
12) [v.s. ...] (in music) a [particular] Rāgiṇī, [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha]
13) [v.s. ...] a woman of the race of Madhu or Yadu (e.g. An-antā, wife of Janam-ejaya; Sampriyā, w° of Vidūratha; Kuntī, w° of Paṇḍu), [Mahābhārata]
14) [v.s. ...] Name of Dākṣāyaṇī in Śri-śaila, [Catalogue(s)]
15) [v.s. ...] of Durgā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
16) [v.s. ...] of one of the Mātṛs attending on Skanda, [Mahābhārata]
17) [v.s. ...] of a daughter of Yayāti, [ib.]
18) [v.s. ...] (with śānti) Name of [work]
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
Mādhavi (माधवि):—m. Patron. Pradyumna’s [Viṣṇupurāṇa 5,27,18.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Madhavi shanti, Madhavika, Madhavilata, Madhavilatagriha, Madhavimandapa, Madhavinem, Madhavivana, Madhavivanamahatmya, Madhaviya, Madhaviyadhatuvritti, Madhaviyanidana, Madhaviyavedarthaprakasha.
Full-text (+37): Latamadhavi, Madhavilata, Candravalli, Madhavimandapa, Madhavavalli, Yayatija, Madhavivana, Bhramarotsava, Madhava, Madhubahula, Mahavalli, Madhavilatagriha, Madhumadhavi, Bhringapriya, Madhavivanamahatmya, Yayati, Madhavi shanti, Abhishuvikranta, Madavi, Atimuktaka.
Search found 29 books and stories containing Madhavi, Mādhavī, Mādhavi; (plurals include: Madhavis, Mādhavīs, Mādhavis). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
Section CXVII < [Bhagavat-Yana Parva]
Section CXXI < [Bhagavat-Yana Parva]
Section CXVI < [Bhagavat-Yana Parva]
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 84 - Mādhavī Born as Subhadrā < [Section 1 - Tīrtha-māhātmya]
Chapter 85 - Greatness of Mahālakṣmī < [Section 1 - Tīrtha-māhātmya]
Chapter 74 - The Greatness of Oṃkāra (Continued) < [Section 2 - Uttarārdha]
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
Śrī Kṛṣṇa-vijaya (by Śrī Gunaraja Khan)
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter CXX - The Rambha Trtiya Vratam < [Brihaspati (Nitisara) Samhita]
Chapter CXVII - The Ananga trayodasi Vratam < [Brihaspati (Nitisara) Samhita]
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)