Madhavi, Mādhavī: 21 definitions


Madhavi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Rasashastra (Alchemy and Herbo-Mineral preparations)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Mādhavī (माधवी):—One of the sixty-four Divyauṣadhi, which are powerful drugs for solidifying mercury (rasa), according to Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara (chapter 9).

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Mādhavī (माधवी) is another name for Śatāhvā, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 4.10-13 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Also see the description of the plant Miśreyā. Together with the names Mādhavī and Śatāhvā, there are a total of twenty-four Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Mādhavī (माधवी) refers to an ingredient included in a (snake) poison antidote recipe, according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—Kāśyapa prescribes various antidotes to quell the poison by administering them through nasal drugs, collyrium, ointment, herbal drinks and diet. In Kāśyapasaṃhitā verse VIII.30cd-1, Kāśyapa concludes the description of remedies with the Nasyāñjana segment prescribing a herbal formula consisting of one khārī (measure) of powdered Hiṅgu, Agnika, Vyoṣa, Śirīṣā, Mādhavī, Guñjā, Hemabīja, Vacā, Lac, Radish triturated with the ox-urine.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Mādhavī (माधवी) is a Sanskrit word referring to Hiptage benghalensis (hiptage) from the Malpighiaceae family. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā.

Hiptage (mādhavī) has the following synonyms: Mādhavikā, Mādhvī, Madhubahulā, Mādhavavallī, Bhadravallī, Candravallī, Mahāvallī, Mahājāti, Latāmādhavī, Latā, Bhṛṅgapriyā, Bhramarānanda, Puṇḍra, Vasantadūtī and Vāsantikā.

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Mādhavī (माधवी) refers to “spring-flowers” (identified with Hiptage madablota Gaertn), mentioned in verse 3.34 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] In groves in which the hot-rayed one is darkened by cloud-grazing huge Sal trees and Palmyra palms, (and which are) profuse in bunches of grapes clinging to spring-flowers [viz., mādhavī] in a rest-house in which (are found) plenty of cloths besprinkled with fragrant cold water, [...]”.

Note: mādhavī-śliṣṭa (“clinging to spring-flowers”) has been separated from, and interchanged with, drākṣāstabakaśālin (“profuse in bunches of grapes”), and has been rendered more freely by ’khri-śiṅ daṅ ldan (“endowed with creepers”). The term mādhavī (from mādhava) (“spring-flower”) denotes a species of creepers alternatively called atimuktaka and generally identified as Hiptage madablota Gaertn.—For daṅ ldan CD read ldan daṅ, which does not make sense here.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Mādhavī (माधवी).—Daughter of King Yayāti. A lady recluse she always wore deer-hide as her garment and went on observing a Vrata called Mṛgavrata: Yayāti gave this daughter in marriage to Gālava. (Śloka 12, Chapter 145, Udyoga Parva). Mādhavī bore a son named Vasumān alias Vasumanas to Haryaśva, King of Ayodhyā. She got of Divodāsa, King of Kāśī, another son named Pratardana; of the King of Uśīnara she got a son named Śibi. Besides these she got a son named Aṣṭaka of Viśvāmitra. (See under Gālava). When the accrued merit of Yayāti was exhausted and he fell down from heaven Mādhavī consented to part with half of her stock of merit to Yayāti. (See under Yayāti).

2) Mādhavī (माधवी).—A follower of Subrahmaṇya. (Śloka 7, Chapter 46, Śalya Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Mādhavī (माधवी).—A name of Yogamāyā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 2. 12.

1b) Name of Subhadrā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 84. 1.

1c) A river in the Kuru country.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 73.

1d) A Varṇa śakti.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 61.

1e) A Goddess enshrined at Śrīśaila.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 31.

1f) A R. from the Jayā lake.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 47. 71.

1g) See Mahī.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 4. 20.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Mādhavī (माधवी) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.90.12). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Mādhavī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)

Madhavi (Madavi) is the name of a dancing girl mentioned in Cilappatikāram: an ancient epic authored by Ilango Adigal representing an important piece of Tamil literature.—Madavi (Madhavi) is said to have descended from the distinguished line of celestial nymphs, especially from Urvasi. Urvasi, the celestial nymph, was dancing once at the court of Indra when her glance met the impassioned gaze of Jayanta, son of Indra. As a result, her mind was diverted and she stopped her dance for a while. Sage Agastya observed this and pronounced a curse on them in anger. His curse was that Urvasi was to be born on earth as a Devadasi and Jayanta to be born as a bamboo tree in the Vindhya Mountains. It is believed that this is how the Devadasi community came into existence. Madavi was born in this Devadasi tradition. (cf. The Silappadikaram, p. 97).

The Cilappatikāram depicts the previous birth history of Madavi (Madhavi); her training in dance and music for seven years from the age of five to twelve, and her dance venture on stage at the age of twelve. Madavi emerged as a dancer under the guidance of such a perfect dance teacher. Madavi was not only beautiful, but also an expert in music and dance. The third canto of Araṅkeṟṟukāṭai in Cilappatikāram vividly describes Madavi’s proficiency in dance, strictly adhering to Nāṭya Nannūl (rules and regulations of dance). Madavi’s reputation spread around the world. From the references it is clear that around the 2nd century AD, during the time of Cilappatikāram, the eleven dance forms were performed in a vettiyal (a kind of dance performed in the presence of a king).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Mādhavī (माधवी) refers to:—A fragrant, honey-laden creeper; a name for Śrī Rādhā. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Mādhavī (माधवी) refers to “spring”, according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Jasmine born of spring (mālatī-mādhavī-jātī), a mystical flower species, Thus beginning joined together, an ascending flower garland”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Madhavi [ಮಾಧವಿ] in the Kannada language is the name of a plant identified with Hiptage benghalensis (L.) Kurz from the Malpighiaceae (Barbados cherry) family. For the possible medicinal usage of madhavi, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Madhavi [माधवी] in the Sanskrit language, ibid. previous identification.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Madhavi in India is the name of a plant defined with Hiptage benghalensis in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Banisteria tetraptera Sonn. (among others).

2) Madhavi is also identified with Ocimum tenuiflorum It has the synonym Plectranthus monachorum Spreng. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Cytologia (1981)
· Biblioth. Bot. (1928)
· Journal of Cytology and Genetics (1982)
· Prodromus Florae Peninsulae Indiae Orientalis (1834)
· Nomenclator botanicus hortensis
· Calyx (1999)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Madhavi, for example extract dosage, health benefits, diet and recipes, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, side effects, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mādhavī (माधवी).—m (mādhava) A personage of the stage. He is the Buffoon or Interlocutor with the audience between the acts or scenes.

--- OR ---

mādhavī (माधवी).—f (S) A large creeper bearing white and fragrant flowers, Gœrtnera racemosa.

--- OR ---

mādhavī (माधवी).—f (madhu Honey.) Spirituous liquor distilled from honey. The three kinds of spirits are gauḍī, mādhavī, paiṣṭhī.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

mādhavī (माधवी).—f Spirituous liquor distilled from honey. A creeper. m A personage of the stage. The buffoon.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mādhavī (माधवी).—

1) Candied sugar.

2) A kind of drink made from honey.

3) The spring-creeper (vārasantī), with white fragrant flowers; पत्राणामिव शोषणेन मरुता स्पृष्टा लता माधवी (patrāṇāmiva śoṣaṇena marutā spṛṣṭā latā mādhavī) Ś.3.9; Meghadūta 8.

4) The sacred basil.

5) The earth (also with devī); तथा मे माधवी देवी विवरं दातुमर्हति (tathā me mādhavī devī vivaraṃ dātumarhati) Rām. 7.97.14-16.

6) A procuress, bawd.

7) Affluence in cattle.

8) (In music) A particular Rāginī

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mādhavī (माधवी):—[from mādhava] a f. See below

2) Mādhavi (माधवि):—[from mādhava] m. [patronymic] of Pradyumna, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

3) Mādhavī (माधवी):—[from mādhava] b f. the earth (also with devī), [Rāmāyaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] ‘spring-flower’, Gaertnera Racemosa, [Kālidāsa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] honey-sugar, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] an intoxicating drink, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] a kind of grass, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] sacred basil, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] Anethum Sowa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] a procuress, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] affluence in cattle or herds, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] (in music) a [particular] Rāgiṇī, [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha]

13) [v.s. ...] a woman of the race of Madhu or Yadu (e.g. An-antā, wife of Janam-ejaya; Sampriyā, w° of Vidūratha; Kuntī, w° of Paṇḍu), [Mahābhārata]

14) [v.s. ...] Name of Dākṣāyaṇī in Śri-śaila, [Catalogue(s)]

15) [v.s. ...] of Durgā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) [v.s. ...] of one of the Mātṛs attending on Skanda, [Mahābhārata]

17) [v.s. ...] of a daughter of Yayāti, [ib.]

18) [v.s. ...] (with śānti) Name of [work]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Mādhavī (माधवी) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Māhavī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Madhavi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Mādhavi (ಮಾಧವಿ):—

1) [noun] sugar cast into flat pieces; candied sugar.

2) [noun] a kind of drink made of honey.

3) [noun] the creeper Hiptage benghalensis ( = H. madablota) of Malpighiaceae family; spring creeper.

4) [noun] its fragrant white flower.

5) [noun] the earth.

6) [noun] a woman who procures men and women for the purpose of prostitution.

7) [noun] (mus.) in Karnāṭaka system, a mode derived from the main mode Kīravāṇi.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Mādhavī (माधवी):—n. 1. the sacred basil; 2. a kind of drink made from honey;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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