Kaliyuga, aka: Kali-yuga; 10 Definition(s)

Introduction

Kaliyuga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

Kaliyuga (कलियुग).—The features of the yuga, and its discontents. Removed by hearing the story of Kṛṣṇa, as the Ṛṣis did in the Naimiṣa forest. The source of unrighteousness.1 Form of Hari worshipped in.2 Reflections on the conduct of castes and observance of dharma by persons. kali becomes kṛta after the avatār of Kalki. When the Saptaṛṣis traverse Maghas, and on the day when Kṛṣṇa left the earth for Heaven then began Kali of 1200 divine years. Grows in strength commencing with Nanda. The actual beginning was when Kṛṣṇa left for Vaikuṇṭha; a description of the yuga. Worship of Hari by kīrtana.3 Its advent was recognised by Mucukunda from the smallness of the men, plants, trees, etc., which he saw after he woke up from his long sleep.4 Deterioration of Vedic dharma and rise of Pākhaṇḍas. Incarnation of Pramati in the form of a horse who puts down all heretics and the unrighteous.5 Predominance of heretics and Śūdras in;6 106,000 or 360,000-duration of; its sandhyāṃśa 1,000 years.7 Noted for theft; see tṛṣya;8 dāna the chief act and tamas the chief quality.9 description of the evils of: bad rule and decay of civilization and morality; age of man 23 years; began with Parīkṣit when the two first stars of seven Ṛṣis were in Magha; its duration according to the calculation of men 360,800. Then comes kṛta.10

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 1. 10, 16 & 21; 12. 26; 15. 36-7; XI. 5. 20, 31-42; Vāyu-purāṇa 58. 30-73.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 142. 17-27; 273. 49; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 429.
  • 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. chap. 2 & 3.
  • 4) Ib. X. 52. 2.
  • 5) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 29. 23-34; 31. 5-102; III. 14. 46. 74. 207-241; Matsya-purāṇa 144. 30-88.
  • 6) Vāyu-purāṇa 78. 36.
  • 7) Vāyu-purāṇa 32. 63; 99. 264; 102. 4. Matsya-purāṇa 273. 27-33, 45. 50.
  • 8) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 7. 59.
  • 9) Vāyu-purāṇa 8. 66.
  • 10) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 71-96, 97, 109. 114-15.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Vaiṣṇavism (Vaiṣṇava dharma)

In Kali-yuga, as stated in Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam (12.2.13), dasyu-prāyeṣu rājasu: the ruling class (rājanya) will be no better than plunderers (dasyus) because the third-class and fourth-class men will monopolize the affairs of the government. Ignoring the religious principles and brahminical rules and regulations, they will certainly try to plunder the riches of the citizens without consideration.

(Source): VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam
Vaiṣṇavism book cover
context information

Vaiṣṇava (वैष्णव, vaishnava) or Vaiṣṇavism (vaishnavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Viṣṇu as the supreme Lord. Similair to the Śāktism and Śaivism traditions, Vaiṣṇavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the daśāvatāra (‘ten avatars of Viṣṇu’).

General definition (in Hinduism)

Kalī Yuga (कली युग): Kalī Yuga (lit. Age of Kali, also known as The Age of Darkness), is one of the four stages of development that the world goes through as part of the cycle of Yugas, as described in Hindu scriptures, the others being Dwapara Yuga, Treta Yuga, and Satya Yuga.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Pali

kaliyuga : (m.) the age of vice and misery, i.e. the last of the four period of an aeon.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

General definition (in Buddhism)

Kaliyuga (कलियुग) or simply Kali refers to the “dark age” and represents the last of the “four ages” (yuga) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 88). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., kali-yuga). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

India history and geogprahy

The kaliyuga refers to the last of the four yugas.—The anniversary of the first day of the Kali-yuga is the full-moon day in Magha. Kalki will be the incarnation in this age. On all these anniversary days a bath in some sacred river and charity are enjoined. On these days water mixed with sesamum seeds should be regularly presented to the progenitors of mankind (Pitris).

The complete year of the Kaliyuga passed, is arrived at by adding 3101 to the Christian year. Further by adding 3044 to the year in the Vikrama era and 3179 to the year in the Saka era the corresponding Kaliyuga year is arrived at.

(Source): archive.org: South Indian Festivities

Epoch of Kaliyuga.—Since Surya Siddhanta gained popularity after 5 th century BCE, Indians started believing that the epoch of Kaliyuga commenced in 3102 BC. In fact, Latadeva proposed the epoch of Kaliyuga (3102 BC) in his Surya Siddhanta considering the great conjunction. Mahabharata text and Aryabhata clearly inform us that the epoch of Kaliyuga commenced before Mahabharata war. Evidently, the ancient epoch of Kaliyuga commenced in 3176 BCE when the Saptarshis entered Magha nakshatra. Bhagavata tradition firmly believed that Kaliyuga cannot begin during the lifetime of Sri Krishna. Therefore, Bhagavata Purana proposed that Kaliyuga commenced after the death of Sri Krishna. Evidently, Bhagavata Purana’s epoch of Kaliyuga was mythical and not traditional.

(Source): academia.edu: Who were the Hunas

Kaliyuga (कलियुग) is mentioned in the “Ṭhāṇā plates of Arikesarin”.—Accordingly, “In Kṛta. Treta and Dvāpara Ages penance is highly praised. (But) in the Kali Age (yuga), sages recommend only charity... The sages say that in the Kali Age neither knowledge nor penance is as fruitful as charity... And it has been declared by Vyāsa: Gold was the first product of fire, land belongs to Viṣṇu, and cows are offsprings of the Sun. He who gives gold, a cow and land gives thereby the three worlds (of Fire, Viṣṇu and the Sun.).”.

These copper plates (mentioning Kaliyuga) were found in digging for some works at the Fort of Tanna (Ṭhāṇā) the capital of Salset. The object of the present plates was to record the grant, by the Śilāhāra king Arikesarin, of three villages in the Vatsarāja-viṣaya to the family priest and teacher Tikkapaiya on the occasion of a lunar eclipse which occurred on the fifteenth tithi of the bright fortnight of Kārttika in the Śaka year 939.

(Source): What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

kaliyuga (कलियुग).—n (S) The fourth age. See kali.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kaliyuga (कलियुग).—n The 4th age.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

Search found 466 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Kali
Kali (कलि) or Kaliyuga refers to the “dark age” and represents the last of the “four ages” (yug...
Yuga
Yuga (युग) or Caturyuga refers to the “four ages” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 88...
Tretayuga
Tretāyuga (त्रेतायुग) or simply Tretā refers to the “threefold-life age” and represents the sec...
Satyayuga
satyayuga (सत्ययुग).—n The first of the four ages, the golden age.
Dvaparayuga
Dvāparayuga (द्वापरयुग) or simply Dvāpara refers to the “twofold age” and represents the third ...
Kritayuga
Kṛtayuga (कृतयुग) or simply Kṛta refers to the “accomplished age ” and represents the first of ...
Caturyuga
Caturyuga (चतुर्युग) or simply Yuga refers to the “four ages” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha...
Kalikhajuri
kāḷī-khajurī (काळी-खजुरी).—f, kāḷī khajūra m, kāḷī khārīka f A drug. It is a fruit resembling t...
Triyuga
Triyuga (त्रियुग).—A name of Viṣṇu meaning one who appears in only three yugas.
Kali Vasu
kāḷī vasū (काळी वसू).—f A wild medicinal plant, Boerhavia diffusa. It is disting. into kāḷī vas...
Kaliijallika
Kāḷi-jallika (kāḷi° for kāḷa°) having black drops or specks (of dirt) A. I, 253;
Kali Ratra
kāḷī rātra (काळी रात्र) [or काळी शिळी रात्र, kāḷī śiḷī rātra].—f (kāḷa & rātra) A term for nigh...
Kali Tulasa
kāḷī tuḷasa (काळी तुळस).—f Black basil, Ocymum nigrum.
Kali Ghetula
kāḷī ghēṭūḷa (काळी घेटूळ).—or -ghēṭōḷī f Black variety of ghēḍūḷa (Boerhavia diffusa).
Kali Praja
kāḷī prajā (काळी प्रजा).—f (kāḷā Black, prajā A subject, a man or person.) A term for a common ...

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