Caturyuga, aka: Catur-yuga; 2 Definition(s)


Caturyuga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chaturyuga.

In Hinduism


Caturyuga (चतुर्युग).—Kṛtam, Treta, Dvāparam and Kali. The section deals with the differences between them under the heads yugadharma, yugasandhi, aṃśaka and yugasandhāna. These are in Bhāratavarṣa;1 According to the yugas the height of men, birds, beasts and plants decreases or increases;2 Manu's height is aṣṭatāla and one whose height is navatāla is praised even by Gods.3 Kṛta 4000 years sandhya 400 sandhyāṃśa 400; Treta 3000 years sandhya 300 sandhyāṃśa 300; Dvāpara 2000 years sandhya 200 sandhyāṃśa 200; Kali (Tiṣyam) 1000 years sandhya 100 sandhyāṃśa 100; Thus on the whole the yugas comprise 12000 divine years;4 described.5

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 29. 1 ff. Matsya-purāṇa 142. 2 and 17, 23.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa 32. 8 ff.
  • 3) Ib. 35. 172.
  • 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 105; 24. 1; 32. 65, 67; 45. 137; 57. 5 and 21-8.
  • 5) Viṣṇu-purāṇa VI. 1. 5-7; 3. 11-40.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Caturyuga (चतुर्युग) or simply Yuga refers to the “four ages” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 88):

  1. kṛta-yuga (the accomplished age),
  2. tretā-yuga (the threefold-life age),
  3. dvāpara-yuga (the twofold age),
  4. kali-yuga (the dark age).

The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., catur-yuga). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Relevant definitions

Search found 252 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Yuga (युग).—1 A yoke (m. also in this sense); युगव्यायतबाहुः (yugavyāyatabāhuḥ) R.3.34;1.87; Śi...
Kaliyuga (कलियुग) or simply Kali refers to the “dark age” and represents the last of the “four ...
Tretāyuga (त्रेतायुग) or simply Tretā refers to the “threefold-life age” and represents the sec...
satyayuga (सत्ययुग).—n The first of the four ages, the golden age.
1) Caturbhuja (चतुर्भुज) is the father of Rudraṇa and the great-great-grand-father of Kumāramaṇ...
Catur (चतुर्).—num. a. [cat-uran Uṇ.5.58] (always in pl.; m. catvāraḥ; f. catasraḥ; n. catvāri)...
1) Catuṣpada (चतुष्पद) refers to “four-footed”, and represents classification of things that ca...
Dvāparayuga (द्वापरयुग) or simply Dvāpara refers to the “twofold age” and represents the third ...
Kṛtayuga (कृतयुग) or simply Kṛta refers to the “accomplished age ” and represents the first of ...
1) Caturaśra (चतुरश्र, “square”).—One of three main types of playhouses, according to the Nāṭya...
Triyuga (त्रियुग).—A name of Viṣṇu meaning one who appears in only three yugas.
Daityayuga (दैत्ययुग).—an age of the demons consisting of 12 divine years.Derivable forms: dait...
Caturvaktra (चतुर्वक्त्र).—an epithet of Brahmā. Derivable forms: caturvaktraḥ (चतुर्वक्त्रः).C...
Catuṣpatha (चतुष्पथ).—(catuḥpathaḥ or catuṣpathaḥ) -tham also) a place where four roads meet, a...
Catuṣpad (चतुष्पद्).—a. (catuṣpada) 1) having four feet; यथा चतुष्पत्सु च केसरी वरः (yathā catu...

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