Kalindi, Kālindī, Kalimdi: 19 definitions


Kalindi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kālindī (कालिन्दी).—(YAMUNĀ). General. Kālindī alias Yamunā is one of the holy rivers in India. The presiding deity of the river is Kālindīdevī. Kālindī, the daughter of the sun has her source in Kalinda mountaiṇ, and hence the name Kālindī for the river. Kālindī joins the Gaṅgā at Prayāga, and this confluence of the two rivers is called Saṅgama, which is a sacred place. (See full article at Story of Kālindī from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kālindī (कालिन्दी).—The daughter of Samjñā.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 84. 36.

1b) The daughter of the sun god; wandering in the forest in quest of Kṛṣṇa, she expressed herself to Arjuna who was there with Kṛṣṇa; the latter married her; welcomed by Draupadī to Hāstinapura, she narrated to her how she married Kṛṣṇa.1 Devī and wife of Kṛṣṇa; mother of Śruta and other sons.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 58. 17-23, 29; 71. 43; 83. 11; Matsya-purāṇa 47. 14.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 234; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 28. 3; 32. 4.

1c) A R. of the Ketumāla country.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 44. 21.

1d) A name for Yamunā.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 7. 2; 18. 34; VI. 8. 36.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Kālindī (कालिन्दी) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.9.18, II.9, IV.5.4). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kālindī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Kalindi in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Kālindī (कालिन्दी), daughter of Devala, is one of the twelve female friends of Mahallikā: daughter of Prahlāda, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 45. Accordingly, as Mahallikā said to Sūryaprabha: “... my female friends are not only two, but twelve in number, and my father’s brother carried them off from Indra’s heaven... And the third is Kālindī, the fourth Bhadrakā, and the fifth is the noble Kamalā with beautiful eyes. These three are the daughters of the great hermit Devala... They [eg., Kālindī] are all heavenly nymphs, born from Apsarases, and when I was married they were taken to the first underworld, and I must bestow them on you, in order that I may be always with them”.

The story of Kālindī and Mahallikā was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Kālindī, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Kalindi was the wife of Asita, a King of the Solar dynasty. Her husband fled to the Himalayas accompanied by his two wives after being defeated in battle. He died there, both his wives being pregnant at this time. Kalindi gave poison to her co-wife with the intention of inducing abortion, but the child Sagara was born safely, thanks to the grace of the sage Chyavana.

(Note: The verses [Rama:1.70.32-33] can also be interpreted to mean that Kalindi is the victim of poisoning and that Sagara is her son.)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Kālindī (कालिन्‍दी): Kālindī was daughter of the Surya (Sun) who marries Lord Krishna while he was ruling at Dwarka, Kālindī is also another name for the river Yamuna in northern India.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A channel in the irrigation system of Parakkamabahu I., flowing southward from the Manihira tank. Cv.lxxix.54.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Kālindī (कालिन्दी) is the mother of Mahendrasiṃha, according to chapter 4.7 [sanatkumāra-cakrin-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“Sanatkumāra had a very intimate friend, the son of Kālindī and Sūra, named Mahendrasiṃha, whose strength was celebrated. One day when spring had come, he went to the garden Makaranda with Kālindī’s son from a desire to play. There Sanatkumāra amused himself with his friend in various sports, like a young god in Nandana. [...]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Kālindī (कालिन्दी) is the name of a river mentioned in the Gupta inscription No. 18. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. According to the inscription in the reign of Budhagupta, his feudatory, Mahārāja Suraśmicandra was governing the country lying between the river Kālindī and Narmadā.

Kālindī is the same as the river Yamunā. The Yamunā has got its source from the Kalindadeśa, a mountainous country situated in the Bāndarapuccha range or the Himālaya and hence the river is called Kālindī. In the Purāṇas we get the earlier mention of Kālindī by both the names, Kālindī as well as Yamunā. The Kālindī is also mentioned in the Śiśupālavadha of Māga

Source: archive.org: Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 1963

Kālindī is the name of an ancient canal that existed in the Polonnaruva (Polonnaruwa) district of Ceylon (Sri Lanka).—Parakkamabāhu I (1153-1186) restored Miṇṇerya tank and made the canal named Kālindī which flowed south from the tank’s southern outlet. Nissaṅka Malla declared the tank a sanctuary for animals.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Kalindi [कालिंदी] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Careya arborea Roxb. from the Lecythidaceae (Brazilnut) family. For the possible medicinal usage of kalindi, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Kalindi in India is the name of a plant defined with Albizia lebbeck in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Inga leucoxylon Hassk. (among others).

2) Kalindi is also identified with Careya arborea It has the synonym Barringtonia arborea (Roxb.) F. Muell. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Pl. Corom. (1811)
· Species Plantarum.
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae (Mueller) (1866)
· Hortus Bengalensis (1814)
· Fitoterapia (2003)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Kalindi, for example pregnancy safety, extract dosage, diet and recipes, chemical composition, health benefits, side effects, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kālindī (कालिन्दी).—f. (-ndī) The Yamuna or Jumna river. E. kālinda. A mountain, part of the Himalaya range, and the seat of the river’s source, aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kalindī (कलिन्दी):—[from kalinda] f. Name of the river Yamunā (= kālindī q.v.), [Rāmāyaṇa]

2) Kālindī (कालिन्दी):—[from kālinda] a f. a sort of vessel, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] a sort of Trivṛt with red flowers, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a wife of Kṛṣṇa (a daughter of Sūrya, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]), [Harivaṃśa; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of the wife of Asita and mother of Sagara, [Rāmāyaṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] a [patronymic] of the river Yamunā, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa] etc.

7) [from kālinda] b (f. of nda q.v.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kālindī (कालिन्दी):—(ndī) 3. f. The Yamuna.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kālindī (कालिन्दी) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kāliṃdī.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Kāliṃdī (कालिंदी) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Kālindī.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kāliṃdi (ಕಾಲಿಂದಿ):—[noun] Yamuna, one of the important tributaries to the river Gaṃgā, in North India.

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Kāḷiṃdi (ಕಾಳಿಂದಿ):—[noun] Yamuna, one of the important tributaries to the river Gaṃgā, in North India.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Kālindī (कालिन्दी):—n. 1. the river Yamuna; 2. Mythol. name of a wife of Krishna;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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