Kaliya, aka: Kāliyā, Kālīya, Kāliya; 10 Definition(s)


Kaliya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Kaliya in Purana glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kāliya (कालिय).—Birth. Kaśyapa, grandson of Brahmā and son of Marīci begot of his wife Kadrū powerful nāgas like Śeṣa, Airāvata, Takṣaka, Kārkoṭaka, Kāliya, Maṇināga, Purāṇanāga etc. and from them were born all kinds of nāgas on earth. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 35). Kāliya possessed one thousand heads. (Bhāgavata, 10th Skandha). (See full article at Story of Kāliya from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1a) Kāliya (कालिय).—A chief of the Krodhavaśa group of serpents. Got into a pool of the Yamunā, causing the death of people who drank of the waters. Kṛṣṇa subjugated it and ordered it to go to the sea, thus making the waters drinkable. He assured Kālīya of freedom from Garuḍa's hostility. Son of Kadru, Kāliya originally lived in Ramaṇaka, and refused to give Bali to Garuḍa according to an agreement with him. In the fight that ensued, Kāliya was vanquished, and he resorted to the Kālindi pool where Garuḍa could not come. But he was expelled by Kṛṣṇa.1 In the Atalam region;2 in Talvalam ?3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 24. 29; X. ch. 16 (whole); 17. 1-12; X. 43. 26.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 18; 69. 72.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 20. 19; Matsya-purāṇa 163. 56.

1b) A dānava king.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 29. 124.

1c) The serpents of Mahātalam.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 24. 29.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kāliya (कालिय) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.31.6, I.35, V.101.9/V.103) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kāliya) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Kāliya (कालिय) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Kāliya) various roles suitable to them.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Kāliyā (कालिया): Kāliyā was the name of a poisonous hydra or Nāga living on the bank of Yamuna River. Kāliyā was quelled by Krishna and sent to his abode in Ramanaka Dwīpa.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Kāliya (कालिय).—The many-headed serpent chastised by Lord Kṛṣṇa for poisoning a section of the Yamunā River.

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Kaliya in Pali glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

kālīya : (nt.) gallochum. || kāḷīya (nt.), gallochum.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Kālīya, a kind of (shiny) sandal wood; so to be read for tālīsa at Vin. I, 203 (see note on p. 381). (Page 212)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kāliya (कालिय).—Relating to time, timely.

-yaḥ The Kaliyuga.

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Kāliya (कालिय).—Name of a tremendously large serpent who dwelt at the bottom of the Yamunā (which was a ground forbidden to Garuḍa, the enemy of serpents, owing to the curse of the sage Saubhari). He was crushed to death by Kṛṣṇa when he was but a boy; R.6.49; Śi.17.69.

-yāḥ (pl.) The family of black serpents; Śi.19.28.

Derivable forms: kāliyaḥ (कालियः).

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Kālīya (कालीय).—[kāla-cha] A kind of sandal-wood; also कालीयक (kālīyaka).

Derivable forms: kālīyam (कालीयम्).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kāliya (कालिय).—mfn.

(-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) Relating to time, &c. m.

(-yaḥ) A serpent destroyed by Krishna. E. kāla, and gha aff.

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Kālīya (कालीय).—mfn.

(-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) Relating to time, to blackness, &c. n.

(-yaṃ) A dark of kind of Sandal, or perhaps of Agallochum: see kālīyaka. E. kāla black, and cha aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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