Grahana, Grahaṇa: 14 definitions

Introduction

Grahana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Grahaṇa (ग्रहण, “taking an arrow”) refers to one of the four acts related to the bow (dhanus). It is also known as ādāna. It is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 11. Accordingly, “taking (grahaṇa) is the pulling out of [the arrow]”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

Discover the meaning of grahana in the context of Natyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra

Grahaṇa (ग्रहण) refers to an aspect of nṛsiṃha (‘man-lion’), according to the Vihagendra-saṃhitā 4.17, which mentions seventy-four forms (inlcuding twenty forms of vyūha). He is also known as Grahaṇanṛsiṃha or Grahaṇanarasiṃha. Nṛsiṃha is a Tantric deity and refers to the furious (ugra) incarnation of Viṣṇu.

The 15th-century Vihagendra-saṃhīta is a canonical text of the Pāñcarātra corpus and, in twenty-four chapters, deals primarely with meditation on mantras and sacrificial oblations.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

Discover the meaning of grahana in the context of Pancaratra from relevant books on Exotic India

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Grahaṇa (ग्रहण).—Technical term for a word or प्रातिपदिक (prātipadika) in Veda; cf. ग्रहणस्य च । गृह्यते इति ग्रहणं वेदस्थः इाब्दः । तत् त्रिविधम् । कार्यभाक्, निमित्तम्, उपबन्ध इति । तस्यापि स्वरूपपूर्वकः अकारः आख्या भवति । (grahaṇasya ca | gṛhyate iti grahaṇaṃ vedasthaḥ iाbdaḥ | tat trividham | kāryabhāk, nimittam, upabandha iti | tasyāpi svarūpapūrvakaḥ akāraḥ ākhyā bhavati |) Com. on T.Pr.I.22;

2) Grahaṇa.—Citing, quoting; cf. ग्रहणवता प्रातिपादिकेन न तदन्तविधिः (grahaṇavatā prātipādikena na tadantavidhiḥ) Par.Sek. Pari. 3I ; cf. also गृह्णन्तीति ग्रहणाानि (gṛhṇantīti grahaṇāाni) Com. on T.Pr.I.24.

3) Grahaṇa.—Mention, inclusion;

4) Grahaṇa.—Employment in a rule of grammar; cf. प्रातिपादिकग्रहणे लिङ्गविशिष्टस्यापि ग्रहणम् (prātipādikagrahaṇe liṅgaviśiṣṭasyāpi grahaṇam). Par. Sek.Pari.71.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

Discover the meaning of grahana in the context of Vyakarana from relevant books on Exotic India

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Grahaṇa (ग्रहण).—Eclipse. Note: Grahaṇa is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

Discover the meaning of grahana in the context of Jyotisha from relevant books on Exotic India

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra Vol-i

Grahaṇa (ग्रहण) refers to “grasping the meaning of the Śāstras” and represents one of the eight dhīguṇas (eight qualities), named in the Yogaśāstra, comentary p. 53a (Bhavnagar ed.).

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of grahana in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Grahaṇa.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘two’. Note: grahaṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of grahana in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

grahaṇa (ग्रहण).—(S) Taking, receiving, accepting, seizing. 2 An eclipse.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

grahaṇa (ग्रहण).—n An eclipse. Taking, receiving, accepting. grahaṇāśauca n Impurity in consequence of an eclipse.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of grahana in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Grahaṇa (ग्रहण).—[grah bhāve lyuṭ]

1) Seizing, catching, seizure; श्वा मृगग्रहणेऽशुचिः (śvā mṛgagrahaṇe'śuciḥ) Ms.5.13.

2) Receiving, accepting, taking; आचारधूमग्रहणात् (ācāradhūmagrahaṇāt) R.7.27.

3) Mentioning, uttering; नामग्रहणम् (nāmagrahaṇam).

4) Wearing putting on; सोत्तरच्छदमध्यास्त नेपथ्यग्रहणाय सः (sottaracchadamadhyāsta nepathyagrahaṇāya saḥ) R.17.21.

5) An eclipse; ग्रहणं चन्द्रसूर्ययोः (grahaṇaṃ candrasūryayoḥ) Y.1.218.

6) Understanding, comprehension, knowledge; यस्य नु ग्रहणं किंचित्कर्मणोऽन्यन्न दृश्यते (yasya nu grahaṇaṃ kiṃcitkarmaṇo'nyanna dṛśyate) Rām.2.22.21; न परेषां ग्रहणस्य गोचराम् (na pareṣāṃ grahaṇasya gocarām) N.2.95

7) Learning, acquiring, grasping mentally, mastering; विपेर्यथावद्ग्रहणेन वाङ्- मयं नदीमुखेनेव समुद्रमाविशत् (viperyathāvadgrahaṇena vāṅ- mayaṃ nadīmukheneva samudramāviśat) R.3.28.

8) Taking up of sound, echo; अद्रिग्रहणगुरुभिर्गर्जितैर्नर्तयेथाः (adrigrahaṇagurubhirgarjitairnartayethāḥ) Me.46.

9) The hand.

1) An organ of sense.

11) A prisoner, captive.

12) Taking by the hand, marrying; तद्दारग्रहणे यत्नं सन्तत्यां च मनः कुरु (taddāragrahaṇe yatnaṃ santatyāṃ ca manaḥ kuru) Mb.1.13.26.

13) Taking captive, imprisonment; न दोषो ग्रहणे तस्याः (na doṣo grahaṇe tasyāḥ) Ks.91.37.

14) Gaining, obtaining, purchasing.

15) Choosing.

16) Taking or drawing up.

17) Attraction.

18) Containing, enclosing.

19) Undertaking, undergoing.

2) Service; अजस्य जन्मोत्पथनाशनाय कर्माण्यकर्तुर्ग्रहणाय पुंसाम् (ajasya janmotpathanāśanāya karmāṇyakarturgrahaṇāya puṃsām) Bhāg.3.1.44.

21) Mentioning with praise, respecting; प्रमाणं सर्वभूतेषु गत्वा च ग्रहणं महत् (pramāṇaṃ sarvabhūteṣu gatvā ca grahaṇaṃ mahat) Mb.12.15.1.

22) Acceptation, meaning.

23) Assent, agreement.

24) Inviting, calling, addressing; name; अलसग्रहणं प्राप्तो दुर्मेधावी तथोच्यते (alasagrahaṇaṃ prāpto durmedhāvī tathocyate) Mb.12.266.6.

Derivable forms: grahaṇam (ग्रहणम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Grahaṇa (ग्रहण).—nt., confused with gahana, thicket, entan- glement (?): in Mahāvastu i.34.7 (prose) -durga-saṃsāra-kāntāra- grahaṇa-dāruṇāto mahā-prapātāto uddharitvā, Senart thinks that grahaṇa is a copyist's hyper-Sanskrit alteration of gahana, which is a near-synonym of kāntāra (especially in Pali, where diṭṭhi-kantāra and diṭṭhi-gahana are often closely associated); in spite of this, I think grahaṇa may be sound and orig.: rescuing from a great abyss that is dreadful because of the grip of the forest of the saṃsāra etc. In Mahāvastu i.91.14—17 occur four lines of verse in which the mss. repeatedly vary between gahana and grahaṇa; the text is both very corrupt and fragmentary; Senart's note is a very earnest effort to disentangle it, but I find it hardly convincing, tho I am inclined to agree that puns are here contained, involving gahana, entanglement, obstruction, difficulty, as well as thicket, and grahaṇa, seizure, imprisonment (perhaps also eclipse, as by Rāhu, so Sanskrit); the text, with the most important vv.ll., reads: 14 vanagahanaṃ (mss. °grahanaṃ or °ṇaṃ) balagahanaṃ (3 mss. °grah°) girigahanāni (em.; 5 mss. °gahanaṃ, one °grahaṇaṃ) tyāgagrahaṇāni (3 mss. °gahanāni), 15 viṣa- māprati- (mss. viṣamapati-)-saṃniṣaṇṇavanāni tu manu- ṣyagahanāni (5 mss. °graha°), 16 tṛṇagulmakaṇṭakalatā- kulāni vṛkṣagrahaṇā- (mss. °grahaṇya- or °nya-) gahanāni (3 mss. grahaṇāni), 17 śaṭhanikṛtipaiśunyāni tu manuṣya- gahanāni (5 mss. °grahanāni or °ṇāni). Tho Senart's interpretation seems very dubious, I cannot suggest with confidence any improvements. The meter is meant for āryā. See also gahana, gahana-tā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Grahaṇa (ग्रहण).—mfn.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) A prisoner, captive, confined. n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. Taking, seizure. 2. Receiving, acceptance. 3. Assent, agreement. 4. Respect. 5. The hand. 6. An eclipse. 7. Comprehension, the taking or receiving of instruction, or the acquirement of any science. 8. Sound. 9. An organ of sense. 10. In grammar, Exception. E. grah to take, affix bhāve lyuṭ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Grahaṇa (ग्रहण).—i. e. grah + ana, I. adj. Seizing, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 2734. Ii. n. 1. Taking, seizure, [Mṛcchakaṭikā, (ed. Stenzler.)] 147, 1. 2. Captivity, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 1, 73. 3. An eclipse (cf. graha, Ii. 1), [Śṛṅgāratilaks] 6. 4. Receiving, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 24, 18. 5. Buying, [Pañcatantra] 229, 2. 6. Putting on, Mahābhārata 2, 840. 7. Undergoing, [Pañcatantra] 34, 9. 8. Protection, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 1, 44. 9. Pronouncing, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 6, 67. 10. Perception, Mahābhārata 14, 1197. 11. Study, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 173.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Grahaṇa (ग्रहण).—[adjective] seizing, holding (—°). [feminine] ī an imaginary organ in the belly. —[neuter] grasp, seizure ([especially] by Rahu, i.e. eclipse, cf. graha), taking, holding, marrying, buying, choosing, drawing (water), putting on, donning, undergoing, acquiring, learning, study, perception, apprehension, mentioning, naming, the use of a term & the term itself.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of grahana in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: