Govardhana; 6 Definition(s)
Govardhana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Govardhana (गोवर्धन) refers to a mountain and is depicted as a sculpture on the second pillar of the southern half of the maṇḍapa of the temple of Lokeśvara.—The last but one scene in the panel is to show the superiority of Kṛṣṇa over Indra. This exploit of Kṛṣṇa is the summum of adbhuta rasa, sentiment of the marvelous. Here Kṛṣṇa is shown lifting up the mountain. All cows, calves and cowherds are protecting themselves under it.(Source): Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (śilpa)
Śilpaśāstra (शिल्पशास्त्र, shilpa-shastra) represents the ancient Indian science of creative arts such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vāstuśāstra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
1a) Govardhana (गोवर्धन).—Mt. a hill in Bhāratavarṣa, near Brindāvan,1 held by Kṛṣṇa for a week warding off rain;2 sacred to Bharadvāja who brought down heavenly trees and plants on behalf of Rāma;3 worship of, with prayers and viands; sacrifice of goats to.4
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 19. 16; X. 11. 36; 13. 29.
- 2) X. 25. 19; 27. 1; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 11. 16-25; 12. 1; 13. 1 and 4, 28; 15. 1.
- 3) Matsya-purāṇa 114. 38.
- 4) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 10. 8, 38.
Govardhana (गोवर्धन).—Once, the cowherd community wished to propitiate Indra in order to get timely showers. But Kṛṣṇa forbade them saying that the mountain Govardhana was more important than Indra. So the mountain should be worshipped and the cowherds obeyed him. Indra could not tolerate it and to show his power, he ordered the clouds to affect Gokula with heavy downpours. When cows and cowherds lost all hopes of survival, they went to Kṛṣṇa, prayed for their safety. He lifted up the mountain Govardhana with his smallest finger and the whole population took shelter under it.(Source): Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (purāṇa)
The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Govardhana (गोवर्धन).—A large hill dear to Lord Kṛṣṇa and His devotees. Kṛṣṇa held it up for seven days to protect His devotees in Vṛndāvana from a devastating storm sent by Indra.(Source): ISKCON Press: Glossary
Languages of India and abroad
gōvardhana (गोवर्धन).—m (S) A celebrated hill near mathurā. It was upheld by kṛṣṇa upon one finger, to shelter the cowherds from a storm excited by indra. Hence 2 A large heap of cowdung, or of rice, vegetables &c. made by the people of the valabhā sect on the first of kārtikaśuddha in imitation of the mountain. 3 n (Misused for gōrōcana q. v.) Bezoar &c.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
gōvardhana (गोवर्धन).—m A celebrated hill near mathurā.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
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Search found 24 books and stories containing Govardhana. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.7.109 < [Chapter 7 - Jagad-ānanda: The Bliss of the Worlds]
Verse 1.1.7 < [Chapter 1 - Bhauma: On the Earth]
Verse 2.4.14 < [Chapter 4 - Vaikuṇṭha: The Spiritual Kingdom]
The Bhagavata Purana (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
Chapter 24 - Worshiping Govardhana Hill < [Canto X - The Summum Bonum]
Chapter 26 - Wonderful Krishna < [Canto X - The Summum Bonum]
Chapter 25 - Lord Krishna Lifts Govardhana Hill < [Canto X - The Summum Bonum]
Gautami Mahatmya (by G. P. Bhatt)
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 3.4.48 < [Part 4 - Parenthood (vātsalya-rasa)]
Verse 2.4.105 < [Part 4 - Transient Ecstatic Disturbances (vyābhicāri-bhāva)]
Verse 4.5.7 < [Part 5 - Anger (raudra-rasa)]
Brahma Purana (by G. P. Bhatt)
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