Go; 11 Definition(s)

Introduction

Go means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Go (गो) falls under the category of domesticated animals (grāmya-paśu) according to the Vāyu Purāṇa.

go—thew cow, the bull, etc.—This species had its birth from the belly of the Creator and is included in the list of domesticated animals. the cow symbolizes the gāyatrī metre. The cow that dropped from Maheśvara’s mouth when Brahmā was engaged in meditation, was none else than the gāyatrī. Prakṛti (or ‘matter’) too is called the cow. Flying of the Earth in the form of a cow in the incident of the “milching of the earth” by Pṛthu is a good instance of symbolism.

The cow figures considerably in ritual. Gift of cows in sacrifices is a highly commended act. The cow is included in the list of animals useful in sacrifices. In the description of the end of the Kali age we find a reference indicating that the slaughter of cows is a sin. Again, in the same connection we are told that the number of cows “will be diminishing”. But a different state of facts is reflected in the material that is available on non-vegetarian diet.

We have a solitary reference connecting Vāsudeva Kṛṣṇa with the cows. He is said to have been brought up amongst the cows and in the chapter purporting to glorify the god Biṣṇu we find the sages asking Sūta, “How is it that the god who protects the whole world lived amongst the cows and protected them?” We find cows serving also as means of exchange and gavyūti is a unit of measurement of distance.

The bull figures in the Purāṇa mostly as a vehicle of Śiva who is also mentioned as vṛṣabha-dhvaja.

Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

Go (गो).—(gau) A wife of sage Pulastya. Vaiśravaṇa was born of her. The son left his father and went to Brahmā. (Śloka 12, Chapter 274, Vana Parva).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Go (गो).—The wife of Brahmadatta and mother of Viṣvaksena.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 21. 25.

1b) Created from the belly and sides of the Lord; considered a part of Hari's body. As they supplied milk for havis, Kaṃsā resolved to kill them. Nanda gave them as gifts to Brāhmaṇas during Kṛṣṇa's jātakarmā.1 In their stalls and in places cleaned by their dung śrāddha can be performed. Objects of worship.2 Gorakṣa introduced by Pṛthu;3 their guru was the sun.4 born of Surabhi, Vṛṣabha their lord; dharmas pertaining to;5 their stall (goṣṭha) as fit for śrāddha offering;6 their horn used for washing images, esp. of Śiva.7

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 4. 39-41; 5. 3; Matsya-purāṇa 13. 58; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 5. 48.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 13. 128-130; 28. 11, 57 and 60; IV. 6. 38 and 46; 40. 116.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 198.
  • 4) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 1. 14; 10. 26.
  • 5) Matsya-purāṇa 6. 44; 8. 8; 48. 52; 52. 18.
  • 6) Ib. 15. 33; 16. 22; 17. 11; 83. 10.
  • 7) Ib. 56. 6; 60. 33.

1c) Sūrya; see Gā.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 1. 14.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Go (गो) is a Sanskrit word referring to the animal “cow”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Āyurvedic literature. The animal Go is part of the sub-group named prasaha, refering to animals “who take their food by snatching”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

The meat of the cow (go) is useful in absolute vāta, chronic rhinitis, intermittent fevers, dry cough, fatigue, excessive agni and wasting of muscles.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Go (गो)—Sanskrit word for the animal “ox”. This animal is from the group called Grāmya (‘domestic animals’). Grāmya itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I
Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Go (गो).—Description of a women of cow (go) type;—A woman who has large, plump and high hips, thin shanks, short hands and feet, is kind to friends, firm in her efforts, favourable to children, engaged in worshipping ancestors and gods, always clean, respectful to superiors, faithful, and patient in her sufferings, is said to have the nature of a cow (go).

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Go (गो, “cow”) represents an incarnation destination of the tiryaggati (animal realm) according to the “world of transmigration” section in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVII).—The Bodhisattva sees the animals (tiryak) undergoing all the torments: they are made to gallop by blows of the whip or stick; they are made to make long journeys carrying burdens; their harness is damaged; they are branded with hot iron. People who, in their former lives, have trussed them up, whipped them or been guilty of crimes of this kind, assume the animal form of an elephant (haja), a horse (aśva), a cow (go), a sheep (eḍaka) or a deer (mṛga).

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geogprahy

Go.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘one’; rarely used in the sense of ‘nine’ (cf. graha). Cf. a-paramparā-go-balivarda (IE 8-5); a cow. See balī- varda. Note: go is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

gō (गो).—ind A bridged from agō, to which turn.

--- OR ---

gō (गो).—S (gau) Used in comp. in the sense of Cow, as per examples subjoined.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gō (गो).—A cow. ind See agō.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Go (गो).—m. f. (Nom. gauḥ) [गच्छत्यनेन, गम् करणे डो (gacchatyanena, gam karaṇe ḍo) Tv.]

1) Cattle, kine (pl.)

2) Anything coming from a cow; such as milk, flesh, leather &c.

3) The stars; वि रश्मिभिः ससृजे सूर्यो गाः (vi raśmibhiḥ sasṛje sūryo gāḥ) Rv.7.36.1.

4) The sky.

5) The thunderbolt of Indra; Ki.8.1.

6) A ray of light; नान्यस्तप्ता विद्यते गोषु देव (nānyastaptā vidyate goṣu deva) Mb.1.232.11; बालोऽयं गिरिशिखरेषु चारयन् गाः त्रैलोक्यं तिमिरभरेण दुष्टमेतत् (bālo'yaṃ giriśikhareṣu cārayan gāḥ trailokyaṃ timirabhareṇa duṣṭametat) (raviḥ nairmalyaṃ nayati) ()| Rām. Ch. 7.6.

7) A diamond.

8) Heaven.

9) An arrow. -f.

1) A cow; जुगोप गोरूपधरामिवोर्वीम् (jugopa gorūpadharāmivorvīm) R.2.3; क्षीरिण्यः सन्तु गावः (kṣīriṇyaḥ santu gāvaḥ) Mk.1.6.

2) The earth; दुदोह गां स यज्ञाय (dudoha gāṃ sa yajñāya) R.1.26; गामात्तसारां रघुरप्यवेक्ष्य (gāmāttasārāṃ raghurapyavekṣya) 5.26;11.36; Bg.15.13; सेकोऽ- नुगृह्णातु गाम् (seko'- nugṛhṇātu gām) Mu.3.2; Me.3; cf. also the quotation for (

6) ).

3) Speech, words; कुलानि समुपेतानि गोभिः पुरुषतोऽ- र्थतः (kulāni samupetāni gobhiḥ puruṣato'- rthataḥ) Mb.5.28; रघोरुदारामपि गां निशम्य (raghorudārāmapi gāṃ niśamya) R.5.12;2.59; Ki.4.2.

4) The goddess of speech, Sarasvatī.

5) A mother.

6) A quarter of the compass.

7) Water; सायं भेजे दिशं पश्चाद्गविष्ठो गां गतस्तदा (sāyaṃ bheje diśaṃ paścādgaviṣṭho gāṃ gatastadā) Bhāg.1.1.36; also pl.; Bhāg.11.7.5.

8) The eye; गोकर्णा सुमुखी कृतेन इषुणा गोपुत्रसंप्रेषिता (gokarṇā sumukhī kṛtena iṣuṇā goputrasaṃpreṣitā) Mb.8.9.42.

9) A region of the sky. -m. A bull, an ox; असंजातकिणस्कन्धः सुखं स्वपिति गौर्गडिः (asaṃjātakiṇaskandhaḥ sukhaṃ svapiti gaurgaḍiḥ) K. P.1; Ms.4.72; cf. चरद्गव (caradgava).

2) The hair of the body.

3) An organ of sense; अदान्तगोभिर्विशतां तमिस्रं पुनः पुनश्चर्वितचर्वणानाम् (adāntagobhirviśatāṃ tamisraṃ punaḥ punaścarvitacarvaṇānām) Bhāg..7.5.3.

4) The sign Taurus of the zodiac; Bṛ. S.49.

5) The sun.

6) The number 'nine' (in math.).

7) The moon.

8) A singer.

9) A billion.

1) A cow-sacrifice

11) A house; cf. गौर्वज्रं गौः प्रभा भूमिर्वाणी तोयं त्रिविष्टपम् । धेनुर्बस्तो वृषो दिग्गौर्नेत्रं लज्जा गुरू रमा ॥ इन्द्रियं श्रीरुमा (gaurvajraṃ gauḥ prabhā bhūmirvāṇī toyaṃ triviṣṭapam | dhenurbasto vṛṣo diggaurnetraṃ lajjā gurū ramā || indriyaṃ śrīrumā) ... Enm.

--- OR ---

Go (गो).—1 P. To smear, clean with cowdung. L. D. B.

Derivable forms: gom (गोम्).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Gokarna
Gokarṇa (गोकर्ण) lit. ‘cow’s ear’ is the name of a sacred place mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa-māh...
Govinda
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Godavari
Godāvarī (गोदावरी) is the name of a river (also known as Godā or Godāvarī) and forms an importa...
Gopala
Gopāla (गोपाल).—m. (-laḥ) 1. A King, a sovereign. 2. A cowherd. 3. A name of Krishna. E. go the...
Govardhana
Govardhana (गोवर्धन) or Govarddhana.—m. (-naḥ) A celebrated hill in Brindaban or the country ab...
Godhuma
Godhūma (गोधूम) refers to “wheat” and represents one of the seven village-corns that are fit fo...
Gomukha
1) Gomukha (गोमुख).—A notorious King. He was born of the family of Krodhavaśā. (Śloka 63, Chapt...
Gopura
Gopura.—(EI 3, 19, 24) a gateway; the gateway of a temple; a tower. Note: gopura is defined in ...
Gokula
Gokula.—(EI 9), cf. ‘officer in charge of the gokulas’; cf. Gokul-ādhikārin, Gokulika, Gomaṇḍal...
Goraksha
Gorakṣa (गोरक्ष).—1) a cowherd. 2) keeping or tending cattle. 3) the orange. 4) an epithet of Ś...
Goda
Godā (गोदा) is another name for the river Godāvarī, which forms an important unit in the histor...
Goloka
Goloka (गोलोक).—n. (-kaṃ) The heaven of Krishna. E. go a cow, and loka world.
Gocara
Gocara.—(EI 15; Chamba), pasture land. (LP), a tax for allowing cattle to graze in the pasture ...
Gokshura
Gokṣura (गोक्षुर) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant identified with Tribulus terrestri...
Gopati
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