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Go, 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Go means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

In Hinduism

Āyurveda (science of life)

Go (गो) is a Sanskrit word referring to the animal “cow”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Āyurvedic literature. The animal Go is part of the sub-group named prasaha, refering to animals “who take their food by snatching”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

The meat of the cow (go) is useful in absolute vāta, chronic rhinitis, intermittent fevers, dry cough, fatigue, excessive agni and wasting of muscles.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Go (गो)—Sanskrit word for the animal “ox”. This animal is from the group called Grāmya (‘domestic animals’). Grāmya itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

about this context:

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Hindu science dealing with subjects such as health, medicine, anatomy, etc. and has been in use throughout India since ancient times.

Purāṇa

Go (गो) falls under the category of domesticated animals (grāmya-paśu) according to the Vāyu Purāṇa.

go—thew cow, the bull, etc.—This species had its birth from the belly of the Creator and is included in the list of domesticated animals. the cow symbolizes the gāyatrī metre. The cow that dropped from Maheśvara’s mouth when Brahmā was engaged in meditation, was none else than the gāyatrī. Prakṛti (or ‘matter’) too is called the cow. Flying of the Earth in the form of a cow in the incident of the “milching of the earth” by Pṛthu is a good instance of symbolism.

The cow figures considerably in ritual. Gift of cows in sacrifices is a highly commended act. The cow is included in the list of animals useful in sacrifices. In the description of the end of the Kali age we find a reference indicating that the slaughter of cows is a sin. Again, in the same connection we are told that the number of cows “will be diminishing”. But a different state of facts is reflected in the material that is available on non-vegetarian diet.

We have a solitary reference connecting Vāsudeva Kṛṣṇa with the cows. He is said to have been brought up amongst the cows and in the chapter purporting to glorify the god Biṣṇu we find the sages asking Sūta, “How is it that the god who protects the whole world lived amongst the cows and protected them?” We find cows serving also as means of exchange and gavyūti is a unit of measurement of distance.

The bull figures in the Purāṇa mostly as a vehicle of Śiva who is also mentioned as vṛṣabha-dhvaja.

Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

1a) Go (गो).—The wife of Brahmadatta and mother of Viṣvaksena.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 21. 25.

1b) Created from the belly and sides of the Lord; considered a part of Hari's body. As they supplied milk for havis, Kaṃsā resolved to kill them. Nanda gave them as gifts to Brāhmaṇas during Kṛṣṇa's jātakarmā.1 In their stalls and in places cleaned by their dung śrāddha can be performed. Objects of worship.2 Gorakṣa introduced by Pṛthu;3 their guru was the sun.4 born of Surabhi, Vṛṣabha their lord; dharmas pertaining to;5 their stall (goṣṭha) as fit for śrāddha offering;6 their horn used for washing images, esp. of Śiva.7

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 4. 39-41; 5. 3; Matsya-purāṇa 13. 58; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 5. 48.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 13. 128-130; 28. 11, 57 and 60; IV. 6. 38 and 46; 40. 116.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 198.
  • 4) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 1. 14; 10. 26.
  • 5) Matsya-purāṇa 6. 44; 8. 8; 48. 52; 52. 18.
  • 6) Ib. 15. 33; 16. 22; 17. 11; 83. 10.
  • 7) Ib. 56. 6; 60. 33.

1c) Sūrya; see Gā.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 1. 14.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

about this context:

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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