Gada, Gadā: 28 definitions

Introduction

Gada means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra

Gadā (गदा, “mace”):—One of the nine symbols representing the cosmic principles of the universe, according to the Pāñcarātra literature. These nine weapons and ornaments symbolize the principles which they represent as the presiding deity. The Mace (gadā) represent Mahat (‘cosmic intelligence’).

Source: archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 5

Gadā (गदा) or Gadāmudrā is the name of a mudrā described in the Īśvarasaṃhitā 35-36.—Accordingly, “forming the fist with the right hand upon the thumb of the left thumb it shall be shown auspicious Kaumodakī. It is known gadāmudrā, which would crush an army of defects”. Mūdra (eg., Gadā-mudrā) is so called as it gives joy to the tattvas in the form of karman for those who offer spotless worship, drive out the defects which move about within and without and sealing up of what is done.

Source: SriMatham: Vaiṣṇava Iconology based on Pañcarātra Āgama

The Mace (gadā):—

buddhirapyāste gadārūpeṅa mādhave ||

“The mace which Kṛṣṇ wields is the Intellect.” (V.P. 1;22;68.)

The mace is the form of strength or power and the intellect is the highest power, by the power of mind one person can control thousands. The mace is thus the symbol of the intellect (buddhi) or the power of knowledge.

gadā ca kālikā sākṣāt sarvaśatrunibarhiṇī |

“The mace is Kali, the power of time, and it destroys everything that opposes it.” (K.U. 23)

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Google Books: Elements of Hindu iconography

Gadā is the ordinary Indian club. It is held in the hand by the images with all the five fingers. In some cases, however, one of the hands of the image is placed upon the top of the gadā which rests on the floor. In the earlier sculptures, its representation is always plain; it has a tapering top and a stout bottom. In comparatively later instances, it is more or less elaborately ornamented. It is a weapon meant to strike the enemy at close quarters and does not therefore leave the hand of its owner.

Source: Red Zambala: Hindu Icons and Symbols | Trinity

The mace (gadā) held in Viṣṇu’s lower left hand is the form of strength or power, and the intellect is the highest power, by the power of mind one person can control thousands. The mace is thus the symbol of the intellect (buddhi) or the power of knowledge.

The mace as a symbol of sovereignty also indicates the law of Karma by which all humans are governed.

Source: Red Zambala: Hindu Icons and Symbols | Introduction

Gadā (mace) - Primarily a symbol of Vishnu but also shared among many of the deities. The mace is a symbol of sovereignty and the Cosmic Order. It also symbolises Karma, the law of cause and effect.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Gadā (गदा) refers to “club” or “mace” and represents one of the several “attributes” (āyudha) or “accessories” of a detiy commonly seen depicted in Hindu iconography, defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—Gadā is the ordinary Indian club. It is held in the hand with all the five fingers. In some cases, however, one of the hands of the image is placed upon the top of the gadā which rests on the floor. It has a tapering top and a stout bottom. It is a weapon meant to strike the enemy at close quarters and does not therefore leave the hand of its owner.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Gadā (गदा):—The Sanskrit name for a classification of a ‘temple’, according to the Agnipurāṇa, featuring a list of 45 temple types. It is listed under the group named Triviṣṭapa, featuring octagonal-shaped temples. This list represents the classification of temples in North-India.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya

Gada (गद, “illness”) is meant to indicate other kinds of disability also; so that due cognizance should be taken of such conditions also as family troubles, fear of creditor and so forth. (See the Manubhāṣya verse 8.107)

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Gadā (गदा).—A weapon. An asura called Gada was born to Kaśyapaprajāpati by his wife Diti. Viṣṇu killed Gada, and Viśvakarman made a weapon with his bone. Since the weapon was made from Gada’s bone it came to be known as Gadā. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 114).

2) Gada (गद).—A brother (Yādava) of Balabhadrarāma. General. Vasudeva had, besides Devakī, seven wives called Rohiṇī, Bhadrā, Mālinī, Madirā, Ilā, Rocanā and Pauravī, and out of the seven Rohiṇī had six sons called Balabhadrarāma, Gada, Sāraṇa, Durdama, Vikala and Kṛta. (Bhāgavata, Navama Skandha). Other details.

2) Gada was present at the svayaṃvara of Draupadī. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 185, Verse 32).

2) On the marriage of Arjuna with Subhadrā, it was Gada who brought the dowry of Subhadrā from Dvārakā to Indraprastha. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 220, Verse 32).

2) When Śrī Kṛṣṇa came to Dvārakā Gada received him with embraces. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 2, Verse 35).

2) Gada also was present on the occasion when the Pāṇḍavas first stepped into the beautiful palace built for them by Maya at Indraprastha. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 4, Verse 39).

2) Along with the other Yādavas Gada too was present at the rājasūya yajña of Yudhiṣṭhira. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 34, Verse 16).

2) Gada held a prominent position among the Yādavas deputed to guard Dvārakā against the onslaught of King Sālva. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 15, Verse 9).

2) Gada also accompanied Śrī Kṛṣṇa to the Aśvamedha yajña performed by Yudhiṣṭhira. (Aśvamedha Parva, Chapter 86, Verse 9).

2) Śrī Kṛṣṇa felt uncontrollably angry when Gada was attacked during the mutual fighting with iron rods by the Yādavas which climaxed in their total annihilation. (Mausala Parva, Chapter 3, Verse 45).

3) Gada (गद).—See Gada.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Gada (गद).—A son of Kṛṣṇa1 who was stationed at the western gate of Mathurā for defence.2 Had a place on the left detachment of Kṛṣṇa's army. When Jarāsandha attacked Mathurā for a third time, Gada played a heroic part.3 Attacked Caidya party which pursued Kṛṣṇa taking away Rukmiṇī.4 Went with Vṛṣṇis to the city of Bāṇa.5 Accompanied Sāmba and others to play and came across a huge lizard in a well and reported it to Kṛṣṇa.6 Took part in defending Dvārakā against Śālva and in expelling his forces.7 Went to Syamantapañcaka for solar eclipse.8 At Prabhāsa.9

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 14. 28: II. 3. 19: III. 1. 35: IV. 23. 12: X. 41. 32: 47. 40: 52. 40: 59. 10: XI. 30. 16.
  • 2) Ib. X. 50. 20 [4].
  • 3) Ib. [50 (V) 11]: [51 (V) 25].
  • 4) Ib. 54. 6.
  • 5) Ib. 63. 3.
  • 6) Ib. 64. 12 [1-4].
  • 7) Ib. X. 76. 14: 77. 4.
  • 8) Ib. 82. 6.
  • 9) Ib. XI. 30. 16.

1b) A son of Vasudeva and Rohiṇī.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 46.

1c) A son of Vasudeva and Devarakṣitā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 52.

1d) Art and science of, learnt by Duryodhana from Balarāma;1 a war weapon.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 57. 26: Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 84.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 140. 14.

1e) An Asura, stronger than Vajrāyudha, gave his bone to Brahmā on the latter's request; Viśvakarman made it a gada.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 109. 3-4.

1f) A son of Bhadrā and Vasudeva.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 15. 24.

2a) Gadā (गदा).—A votary of Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 1. 35: Vāyu-purāṇa 55. 12. 109. 4 and 11.

2b) Mace of Viṣṇu.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 15. 13: V. 34. 23.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Gada (गद) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.177.16) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Gada) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Gada also refers to the name of a Weapon mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.31.15, III.48.24, IX.44.104).

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: The Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa

Gadā (गदा) refers to “maces” and represents one of the various weapons equipped by the Daityas in their war against Lalitā, according to the Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa 4.22. Accordingly, “[...] thereupon, crores of Daityas producing reverberating chattering noise furiously prepared themselves (to fight) against Parameśvarī (Lalitā). [...] Crores of Daityas were fully equipped with coats of mail and had the following weapons and missiles in their hands [viz.: Gadās (maces)], and thousands of similar weapons and missiles very dreadful and capable of destroying living beings”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda

Gadā (गदा) refers to a weapon (“mace”). It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

Dhanurveda book cover
context information

Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Gada (गद) refers to the “mace”, a weapon which should measure should measure four tālas (unit of measurement), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. In dramatic plays, weapons such as gada should be made by experts using proper measurements and given to persons engaged in a fight, angry conflict or siege. It forms a component of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Gadā (गदा).—A popular name given to the scholarly commentary written by Vaidyanātha Pāyaguṇḍe on the Paribhāṣenduśekhara. The commentary is called काशिका (kāśikā) also, as it was written in the town of Kāśī (Vārāṇasī).

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas

Gadā (गदा) refers to one of the various Devatā weapons and represents a type of “temple implement (instrument)” as described in the Karaṇalakṣaṇavidhi-paṭala section of the Uttara-Kāmikāgama.—The instruments should be according to the particular śāstra followed at the temple. Some of the instruments mentioned are weapons of all Devatās including [viz., gadā].

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

gada : (m.) sickness; sound; speech. || gadā (f.), a kind of weapon; an iron bar.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Gada, speech, sentence Dh.I, 66, DA.I, 66 f.; and on D.III, 135 (§ 28); gada at S.II, 230 (v. l.) in phrase diṭṭhagadena sallena is to be read diddhagadena s. (Page 243)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gaḍa (गड).—m ( H) A small fort, esp. a hill-fort. Pr. gaḍa bāṅkā nasāvā paṇa gaḍapati bāṅkā asāvā. Pr. gaḍa ghēvēla paṇa bāyakō ghēvata nāhīṃ More easily may a fort be captured than a woman forced.

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gaḍa (गड).—f A difficulty, perplexity, trouble; an ex- tremity, emergency, strait. v yē, lāga, paḍa, vāra, ṭaḷa, cuka, sara; also ṭāḷa, cukava, sambhāḷa, sāra, vāra.

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gadā (गदा).—f (S) A mace, baton, club, cudgel. 2 (Poetry.) An iron bar as a weapon. Ex. maga lōhadaṇḍa gadā ghēvūna || daityāsa mārī mallikārjuna ||.

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gāḍā (गाडा).—m A common load-cart; a cart without a frame or box. Pr. bharalyā gāḍyāsa sūpa jaḍa nāhīṃ. 2 The circumference of a wheel; the mere ring or frame (as of a drum, tambourine, sieve, nosering). 3 or saṃsārācā gāḍā The business and bustle, embarrassments and engagements, of active or secular life; worldly affairs. gāḍābhara A cart-load. 2 fig. A great quantity. gāḍyāvara nāva nāvēvara gāḍā (Sometimes the boat is carried on the cart, sometimes the cart is conveyed on the boat.) Used to express reciprocity of kind offices: also vicissitudes or fluctuations of fortune; the rise of the base and the fall of the noble. cālatyā gāḍyālā khīḷa ghālaṇēṃ To stop a current business.

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gādā (गादा).—m ( H) The name of a large seafish, porpoise (?) 2 ( H) R W Muck, slush, sludge. More frequently used of Muddy and thick liquids.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

gaḍa (गड).—m A small fort, esp. a hill fort. A difficulty.

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gadā (गदा).—f A mace, club, cudgel. An iron bar as a weapon.

--- OR ---

gādā (गादा).—m A particular fish. Muddy and thick liquids.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gaḍa (गड).—[gaḍ-ac]

1) A screen.

2) A fence.

3) A ditch, moat.

4) An implement.

5) A kind of gold-fish.

Derivable forms: gaḍaḥ (गडः).

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Gada (गद).—[gad-ac]

1) Speaking, speech.

2) A sentence.

3) Disease, sickness; असाध्यः कुरुते कोपं प्राप्ते काले गदो यथा (asādhyaḥ kurute kopaṃ prāpte kāle gado yathā) Śi. 2.84; जनपदे न गदः पदमादधौ (janapade na gadaḥ padamādadhau) R.9.4;17.81.

4) Thunder.

5) The younger brother of Krisna.

6) Name of Kubera.

7) A weapon. ... गदोऽस्त्रियाम् । आयुधे धनदे रोगे पुंसि कृष्णा- नुजेऽपि च (gado'striyām | āyudhe dhanade roge puṃsi kṛṣṇā- nuje'pi ca) Nm.

-dam A kind of poison.

Derivable forms: gadaḥ (गदः).

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Gadā (गदा).—[gad-ac ṭāp] A mace, club; संचूर्णयामि गदया न सुयोधनोरू (saṃcūrṇayāmi gadayā na suyodhanorū) Ve.1.15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Gaḍā (गडा).—(= Sanskrit gadā), club: LV 305.9 (all mss.); 311.17 and 317.15 (in both v.l. gadā).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gaḍa (गड).—m.

(-ḍaḥ) 1. A kind of fish, the young of the Ophiocephaluslata, Ham. 2. Another species, (Cyprinus garra. Ham.) see gala. 3. An impediment, an obstacle. 4. A screen, a covering, a fence. 5. A moat, a ditch. 6. A country, part of Malwa, Gerha or Gera Mendela. E. gaḍ. to drop, affix ac.

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Gada (गद).—m.

(-daḥ) 1. Disease, sickness. 2. Speech, speaking. 3. Gada the younger brother of Krishna. f.

(-dā) 1. A mace, a club. 2. Trumpet flower, (Bigonia suave-olens.) E. gad to speak, &c. ac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gada (गद).—I. m. i. e. 1. gad + a, 1. Speech, a spell, Mahābhārata 1, 1787. 2. Disease, Śṛṅgārat 14. 3. The younger brother of Kṛṣṇa Mahābhārata 1, 7992. Ii. f. , A club, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 80, 4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gada (गद).—1. [masculine] ā [feminine] speech, sentence.

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Gada (गद).—2. [masculine] disease, sickness.

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Gadā (गदा).—[feminine] mace, club.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gaḍa (गड):—[from gaḍ] m. a kind of gold-fish (the young of the Ophiocephalus Lata or another species, Cyprinus Garra), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] a screen, covering, fence, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] a moat, ditch, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] an impediment, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a district (part of Malva, commonly Garha or Garha Maṇḍala), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Gaḍā (गडा):—[from gaḍa > gaḍ] f. (in music) a kind of Rāgiṇī (cf. tṛṇa-g, payo-g.)

7) Gada (गद):—[from gad] m. a sentence, [Mahābhārata i, 1787]

8) [v.s. ...] disease, sickness, [Suśruta; Raghuvaṃśa] etc.

9) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Vasu-deva and younger brother of Kṛṣṇa, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

10) [v.s. ...] of another son of Vasu-deva by a different mother, ix, 24, 51

11) [v.s. ...] n. poison, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) Gadā (गदा):—[from gada > gad] a f. a series of sentences, [Rāmatāpanīya-upaniṣad ii, 5, 4]

13) [v.s. ...] a mace, club, bludgeon, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

14) [v.s. ...] Bignonia suaveolens, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] Name of a musical instrument

16) [v.s. ...] of a constellation, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhajjātaka; Laghujātaka, by Varāha-mihira]

17) [v.s. ...] [varia lectio] for gadhā, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā [Scholiast or Commentator]] (cf. a-gada, a-vijñāta-g.)

18) [from gad] b f. of da q.v.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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