Nigada, Nigaḍa, Nigāda: 17 definitions


Nigada means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Nigaḍa (निगड) is a Sanskrit word referring to “chains”. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (also see the Manubhāṣya verse 4.210)

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Nigada (निगद) refers to a “teaching”, according to the Brahmayāmala-tantra verse 21.4-5.—Accordingly, “These are the nine ascetic observances, corresponding to [the syllables of] the Vidyā [, Caṇḍā Kāpālinī’s nine-syllable mantra]. I shall now teach you how to perform them correctly, O Mahādevī. Listen to me [while I] teach you [i.e., nigadatan me nigadataḥ śṛṇu]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Nigaḍa (निगड) refers to an “iron chain” and represents one of the items held in the right hand of Heruka: one of the main deities of the Herukamaṇḍala described in the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Heruka is positioned in the Lotus (padma) at the center; He is the origin of all heroes; He has 17 faces (with three eyes on each) and 76 arms [holding, for example, nigaḍa]; He is half black and half green in color; He is dancing on a flaming sun placed on Bhairava and Kālarātrī.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Nigaḍa (निगड) refers to the “chains (of one’s own actions)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Embodied souls, living in immovable and movable bodies, are born [and] die constrained by the chains of their own actions (nigaḍasvakarmanigaḍaiḥ). In this world sometimes corporeal [souls] filled with a mass of virtue appear in heaven because of the development of life and name karmas connected with the celestial state of existence”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nigaḍa (निगड) [or डी, ḍī].—f (Commonly nirguḍī q. v.) A shrub.

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nigaḍa (निगड).—m S An iron chain for the feet; a fetter, shackle, gyve.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nigaḍa (निगड).—

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nigaḍa (निगड).—m An iron chain for the feet; a fetter, shackle.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nigaḍa (निगड).—a. [ni-gal-ac lasya ḍaḥ]

1) Fettered, chained; बद्धस्य निगडस्य च (baddhasya nigaḍasya ca) Manusmṛti 4.21.

-ḍaḥ, -ḍam 1 An iron chain for the feet of an elephant; बद्धापराणि परितो निगडान्य- लावीत् (baddhāparāṇi parito nigaḍānya- lāvīt) Śiśupālavadha 5.48; Bv.4.2; निबद्धनिगडालाननियन्त्रितमदद्विपम् (nibaddhanigaḍālānaniyantritamadadvipam) Śiva. B.2.52.

2) A fetter, chain or shackle in general; देवकीं वसुदेवं च निगृह्य निगडैर्गृहे (devakīṃ vasudevaṃ ca nigṛhya nigaḍairgṛhe) Bhāgavata 1.1.66.

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Nigada (निगद) or Nigāda (निगाद).—

1) Recitation, audible recitation of prayers.

2) A prayer repeated aloud.

3) Speech, discourse.

4) Learning anything without knowing the meaning; यदधीतमविज्ञातं निगदेनैव शब्द्यते (yadadhītamavijñātaṃ nigadenaiva śabdyate) Nir.

5) Mention, mentioning; इति निगदेनैव व्याख्यातम् (iti nigadenaiva vyākhyātam).

Derivable forms: nigadaḥ (निगदः), nigādaḥ (निगादः).

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Nigāda (निगाद).—Recitation.

Derivable forms: nigādaḥ (निगादः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nigaḍa (निगड).—mn.

(-ḍaḥ-ḍaṃ) Iron chain for the feet, a fetter, but especially the heel chains of an elephant. E. ni not, gaḍ to drop, (to drop off,) affix ac . ni + gala + ac . ḍalayoraikyāt ḍatvam .

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Nigada (निगद).—m.

(-daḥ) 1. Speech, speaking, discource. 2. Audible recitation of prayers or charms. E. ni affirmative prefix, gada speech. ac aff.

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Nigāda (निगाद).—m.

(-daḥ) 1. Speech, discourse. 2. A prayer recited aloud E. ni before gad to speak, affix ghañ; also nigada .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nigaḍa (निगड).—probably ni-gal + a, m. and n. 1. An iron chain for the feet, [Mṛcchakaṭikā, (ed. Stenzler.)] 97, 25. 2. A fetter, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 6, 9, 40.

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Nigada (निगद).—[ni-gad + a], m. A prayer, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 3, 16.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nigaḍa (निगड).—[neuter] chain (for the feet), fetter; as adj. ( = poss. vant) chained, fettered.

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Nigada (निगद).—[masculine] recitation, prayer or sacrif. formula: mention, speech.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nigaḍa (निगड):—[=ni-gaḍa] m. ([gana] ardharcādi) and n. ([from] √gaḍ = gal?) an iron chain for the feet, ([especially]) the heel chains for an elephant or a noose for catching the feet and throwing an animal down, any fetter or shackle, [Harivaṃśa; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a teacher (-kṣveḍana n. Name of [work])

3) [v.s. ...] mfn. bound or fettered on the feet, [Manu-smṛti iv.210.]

4) Nigada (निगद):—[=ni-gada] [from ni-gad] m. reciting, audible recitation, a prayer or sacrificial formula recited aloud, [Brāhmaṇa; ???] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] mention, mentioning, [Bādarāyaṇa’s Brahma-sūtra]

6) [v.s. ...] speech, discourse, [Horace H. Wilson]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of [work]

8) [v.s. ...] mn. a [particular] potion, [Caraka]

9) Nigāda (निगाद):—[=ni-gāda] [from ni-gad] m. recitation, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nigaḍa (निगड):—[ni-gaḍa] (ḍaḥ-ḍaṃ) 1. m. n. An iron chain for the feet, a fetter.

2) Nigada (निगद):—[ni-gada] (daḥ) 1. m. Speech; recitation of prayers or charms.

3) Nigāda (निगाद):—[ni-gāda] (daḥ) 1. m. Speech.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nigada (निगद) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ṇiada, Ṇiala, Ṇigaḍa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nigada in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Ṇigaḍa (णिगड) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Nigaḍa.

2) Ṇigada (णिगद) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Nigad.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nigaḍa (ನಿಗಡ):—

1) [adjective] bound by chain or fetters; fettered; shackled.

2) [adjective] allowing or providing no inflexibility; difficult.

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Nigaḍa (ನಿಗಡ):—[noun] a chain for the feet of an elephant.

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Nigada (ನಿಗದ):—

1) [noun] the act of reciting from memory.

2) [noun] a hymn recited aloud.

3) [noun] the act or manner of pronouncing syllables, words, etc., clearly; clear pronunciation.

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Nigāda (ನಿಗಾದ):—[noun] = ನಿಗದ [nigada].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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