Ena, Eṇa, Enā, Eṉa, Eṉā, Ēṉa: 17 definitions


Ena means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Eṇa (एण) is a Sanskrit word referring to a kind of deer (blackbuck, or “Indian antelope”). The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Ayurvedic literature. The animal Eṇa is part of the sub-group named Jāṅgalamṛga, refering to “animals living in forests”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

The meat of the blackbuk (eṇa) is madhura in Rasa and madhura in Vipāka. It alleviates three doṣas, is wholesome, light and constipating. It is also anti-diuretic and cold.

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

Eṇa (एण)—Sanskrit word for “black deer”. This animal is from the group called Jaṅghāla (large-kneed). Jaṅghāla itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle)

The venison of the Ena species is sweet and astringent in taste, and palatable, and proves curative in diseases due to the deranged condition of the Pittam, blood and Kapham. It is astringent in its effect, imparts strength to the system, improves a relish for food and is a febrifuge.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Eṇa (एण) refers to a type of Jāṅghala meat and is mentioned as being beneficial (hita) to the body according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—The dravyaguṇāguṇa section contains the discussions on different food articles and their dietetic effects according to the prominent Ayurvedic treatises. Here In the māṃsa (meats) group Eṇa is mentioned as beneficial to the body (hita).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Prācyā: Animals and animal products as reflected in Smṛti texts

Eṇa (एण) (or Ruru, Raṅku, Gokarṇa) refers to the animal “Nilgai [Blue bull]” (Boselaphus tragocamelus).—The Smṛtis mention several domestic as well as wild animals that are enumerated in context of specifying expiation for killing them, the flesh being used as a dietary article to give satisfaction to the Manes (Pitṛs) in Śrāddha rites, the law of transmigration due to various sins committed as well as in the context of specifying gifts to be given on various occasions. These animals [viz., Eṇa] are chiefly mentioned in the Manusmṛti, Parāśarasmṛti [Chap.6], Gautamasmṛti [17.2 and 15.1], Śātātapasmṛti [II.45-54], Uśānasmṛti [IX.7-9; IX.12-13], Yājñavalkyasmṛti [I.170-171; I.175; I.258- 260], Viṣṇusmṛti [51.3;51.6;51.26;51.33;80.3-14], Uttarāṅgirasasmṛti [X.15-17], Prajāpatismṛti [Śrāddhatyājyavastuvarṇanam. 138-143], 9 Kāśyapasmṛti [Section on Prāyaścittavarṇanam], Vṛddha Hārītasmṛti [6.253-255] and Kātyāyanasmṛti [27.11].

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ena :  takes this form in some cases.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ena, (pron.) (fr. pron. base *ē̆, cp. e-ka; to this cp. in form & meaning Lat. ūnus, Gr. oi)nόs, Ohg. ein, Oir. ōin) only used in Acc. enaṃ (taṃ enaṃ) “him, this one, the same” Sn.583, 981, 1114; Dh.118, 313; J.III, 395; Nd2 304III, B. See also naṃ. (Page 161)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Eṇa (एण).—

1) A kind of black antelope; कांश्चिदेणान्समाजघ्ने शक्त्या शक्तिमतां वरः (kāṃścideṇānsamājaghne śaktyā śaktimatāṃ varaḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 1.69.22; तस्य स्तनप्रणयि- भिर्महुरेणशावैः (tasya stanapraṇayi- bhirmahureṇaśāvaiḥ) the several kinds of deer are given in this verse :-अनृचो माणवो ज्ञेय एणः कृष्णमृगः स्मृतः । रुरुर्गौर- मुखप्रोक्तः शम्बरः शोण उच्यते (anṛco māṇavo jñeya eṇaḥ kṛṣṇamṛgaḥ smṛtaḥ | rururgaura- mukhaproktaḥ śambaraḥ śoṇa ucyate) ||

2) (In Astr.) Capricorn.

Derivable forms: eṇaḥ (एणः).

See also (synonyms): ekaṇa.

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Enā (एना).—ind. Ved. Thus, then, at that time परो दिवा पर एना पृथिव्या (paro divā para enā pṛthivyā) Ṛgveda 1.125.8.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Eṇa (एण).—mf. (-ṇaḥ-ṇī) A kind of deer or antelope, described as being of a black colour, with beautiful eyes, and short legs. E. iṇ to go, ṇa aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Eṇa (एण).—m., f. ṇī, A kind of antelope, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 269.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Eṇa (एण).—[masculine] eṇī [feminine] a kind of black antelope.

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Ena (एन).—1. [pronoun] stem of 3d [person or personal] (used subst.).

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Ena (एन).—2. [masculine] deer (only —°).

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Enā (एना).—([instrumental] of 1 a [adverb]) thus, in this way, here, there, then, —enā paraḥ beyond here; para enā beyond ([with] [instrumental]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Eṇa (एण):—mf(ī). a species of deer or antelope (described as being of a black colour with beautiful eyes and short legs), [Atharva-veda v, 14, 11; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xxiv, 36; Manu-smṛti iii, 269; Mahābhārata etc.]

2) m. (in [astronomy]) Capricorn.

3) Ena (एन):—[from edha] 1 a [pronominal] base (used for certain cases of the 3rd personal pronoun, thus in the [accusative] [singular] [dual number] [plural] [enam, enām, enad, etc.], inst. [singular] [enena, enayā] [genitive case] [locative case] [dual number] [enayos, [Vedic or Veda] enos]; the other cases are formed [from] the [pronominal] base a See under idam), he, she, it

4) [v.s. ...] this, that, (this pronoun is enclitic and cannot begin a sentence; it is generally used alone, so that enam puruṣam, ‘that man’, would be very unusual if not incorrect. Grammarians assert that the substitution of enam etc. for imam or etam etc. takes place when something is referred to which has already been mentioned in a previous part of the sentence; See [grammar] 223 and 836)

5) [v.s. ...] cf. [Greek] ἕν, οἷος; [Gothic] ains; Old [Prussian] ains; [Latin] oinos, unus.

6) 2. ena and enā, [Vedic or Veda] [instrumental case] of idam q.v.

7) Enā (एना):—[from ena] ind. here, there

8) [v.s. ...] in this manner, thus

9) [v.s. ...] then, at that time, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]

10) [v.s. ...] (enā paras ind. further on [Ṛg-veda x, 27, 21; 31, 8]; para enā ind. beyond here; there; beyond [with [instrumental case]] [Ṛg-veda x, 125, 8]; yatra-enā, whither thither.)

11) Ena (एन):—3. ena (cf. eṇa), a stag. See an-ena.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Eṇa (एण):—[(ṇaḥ-ṇī)] 1. m. 3. f. A kind of deer or antelope, black, with fine eyes and short legs.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Eṇa (एण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Eṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ena in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Eṇa (एण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Eṇa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ēṇa (ಏಣ):—[noun] (masc.) any of various kinds of deer; a black antelope.

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Ēna (ಏನ):—[noun] an offence against religious or moral law; an action that is or is felt to be highly reprehensible ಒರ [ora] transgression of the law of God; a sin.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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