Dravana, Dravaṇa, Drāvaṇa: 14 definitions


Dravana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Dravan.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Mantra-sādhana: Chapter One of the Kakṣapuṭatantra

Drāvaṇa (द्रावण, “softening”) refers to one of the “seven means” (saptopāya) to be performed when a mantra does not manifest its effect, as explained in the 10th-century Kakṣapuṭatantra verse 1.95-96. The drāvaṇa aims to soften the mantra through tying it to the bīja of Varuṇa, the god of Water, and sprinkling a mixture of milk, butter, water, and honey on the written mantra. If this does not work, the practitioner should make his next move, the bodhana.

Accordingly, “the drāvaṇa (melting) is [to make the mantra] tied with Varuṇa’s bīja (i.e., vaṃ) in the grathana manner. Having written [the bījas] at the beginning and end of the mantra, one should write the mantra, [to which the bījas are] tied in the grathana manner, with śilā (red arsenic), karpūra (camphor), and kuṅkuma (turmeric), uśīra (the fragrant root of vetiver) and rocana (yellow orpiment). One should sprinkle a mixture of milk, ājya (melted or clarified butter), water, and honey, between the written [mantra]. Through pūja, japa, and homa, the melted mantra will definitely bestow a siddhi. If the melted [mantra] does not have an effect, then one should carry out the bodhana (awakening)”.

Note on drāvaṇa: the Bṛhattantrasāra (4.47) supports bhrāmaṇa (wondering). Note on rocana: the Tattvacintāmaṇi (20.95) and Bṛhattantrasāra (4.48) support candana (sandal).

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Drāvaṇa (द्रावण) refers to “melting” (that which has been sealed), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] The energies are called gestures (mudrā) because (they) release (mocana) and melt (drāvaṇa). Flight always (occurs) by means of the Path of the Skyfarers, which is the elevated state (ūrdhvabhāva). (That energy) is called the Skyfarer because she moves all living being (by this Path). In the supreme state she should be known to be one and she is also said to be threefold. Assuming the form of letters, she is will, knowledge and action. Divided into fifty (letters), she is said to be one. [...]”.

2) Drāvaṇa (द्रावण) refers to “sexual arousal”, according to Tantric texts such as the Kubjikāmata-tantra, the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—HRĪṂ is the seed-syllable of Māyā and Lakṣmī. It belongs to Viṣṇu and corresponds to the element Water. Its form is like a wheel of fire (alātacakra). [...] The Kubjikāmatatantra also attributes magical powers to the Five Praṇavas, which are said to bring about sexual arousal (drāvaṇa), disturbance (kṣobha), delusion (moha), sleep (jṛmbhana) and the desiccation of the enemy’s body (śoṣaṇa), respectively.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Mantrashastra (the science of Mantras)

Source: Wisdom Library: Mantrashastra

Drāvaṇa (द्रावण) refers to “softening” or “nudging” and represents one of the seven techniques to improve or revive fruitless mantras (i.e., “mantras that do not bring satisfaction and visible improvements”), according to the Kakṣapuṭatantra verses 1.89.91.—The operation of drāvaṇa (softening/pushing) the mantra by tying it to the seed mantra (bīja) of the god of Waters, Varuṇa [vaṃ], followed by sprinkling the written mantra with a mixture of milk, oil, water and honey. If this has no effect, the practitioner must perform bodhana (awakening).

context information

Mantrashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, mantraśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mantras—chants, incantations, spells, magical hymns, etc. Mantra Sastra literature includes many ancient books dealing with the methods reciting mantras, identifying and purifying its defects and the science behind uttering or chanting syllables.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dravaṇa (द्रवण).—n S Dissolving, melting, fusing: also oozing, exuding, trickling. This form is neuter, as drāvaṇa is active.

--- OR ---

drāvaṇa (द्रावण).—n S Dissolving, melting, fusing, liquefying. 2 In medicine. A resolvent or discutient. 3 In chemistry. A dissolvent, a menstruum.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dravaṇa (द्रवण).—a.

1) Running.

2) Oozing, trickling.

See also (synonyms): dravaka.

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Drāvaṇa (द्रावण).—[dru-ṇic-yuc]

1) Putting to flight, Mahābhārata (Bombay) 8.34. 69; त्रैलोक्यद्रावणं क्रूरं दुराचारं महाबलम् (trailokyadrāvaṇaṃ krūraṃ durācāraṃ mahābalam) (rāvaṇam) Hariv.

2) Melting. fusing,

3) Distilling.

4) The clearing-nut.

Derivable forms: drāvaṇam (द्रावणम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dravaṇa (द्रवण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. Going. 2. Dropping, exuding. 3. Heat. E. dru to go, affix lyuṭ .

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Drāvaṇa (द्रावण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. The clearing nut. 2. Causing to fly or retreat. 3. Fusing. 4. Distilling. E. dru to go or retreat, in the causal form ṇic and yuc affs. drāvayati jalamalaṃ svasaṃyogāt .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Drāvaṇa (द्रावण).—i. e. dru, [Causal.] + ana, I. adj. Putting to flight, Mahābhārata 8, 1523. Ii. n. Putting to flight, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 7583.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dravaṇa (द्रवण).—[neuter] running, flowing, melting.

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Drāvaṇa (द्रावण).—[adjective] & [neuter] causing to run, putting to flight.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dravaṇa (द्रवण):—[from dravaka > drava] n. running, [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa; Harivaṃśa]

2) [v.s. ...] melting, becoming fluid, [Śārṅgadhara-paddhati]

3) [v.s. ...] dropping, exuding, [Horace H. Wilson]

4) [v.s. ...] heat, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) Drāvaṇa (द्रावण):—[from drāva] mfn. causing to run, putting to flight, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]

6) [v.s. ...] n. the act of causing to run etc., [Harivaṃśa]

7) [v.s. ...] fusing, distilling, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] softening, touching, [Anaṅgaraṅga]

9) [v.s. ...] the clearing-nut, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dravaṇa (द्रवण):—(ṇaṃ) 1. n. Idem; exuding; heat.

2) Drāvana (द्रावन):—(naṃ) 1. n. The clearing nut; causing to fly; fusing, distilling.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dravana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dravana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Dravaṇa (द्रवण) [Also spelled dravan]:—(nm) melting, flowing; ~[śīla] melting, prone to melt/flow; hence —[śīlatā] (nf).

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Dravaṇa (ದ್ರವಣ):—

1) [noun] the act or an instance of running.

2) [noun] the act of leaking, seeping or oozing out (from small holes).

3) [noun] the act or an instance of flowing in a stream.

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Drāvaṇa (ದ್ರಾವಣ):—

1) [noun] a liquid that has one or more substances dissolved in; a solution.

2) [noun] the process by which a gas, liquid or solid is dispersed homogeneously in a liquid without chemical change; solution.

3) [noun] (fig.) the fact of being filled with love or being charmed, enamoured with.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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