Gadha, Gādha, Gāḍha: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Gadha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD

Gāḍha (गाढ).—Element of a nāsi, which is a part (compound moulding) of the prastara, or ‘entablature’;—The central semi-circular portion is referred to by the name gāḍha/kukṣi. Gāḍha may be hollow, recessed or even flat. This portion may contain a decorative motif inside. The subject matter of the carvings in the gāḍha may range from religious to erotic sculptures and from architectural motifs to simple decorative designs. The Texts mention that the gāḍha may be decorated with any popular architectural motif, decorative design and episodes from religious or social themes.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

gādha : (adj.) deep

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Gādha, 2 (Sk. gāḷha firm Dhtp 167 “paṭiṭṭhāyaṃ” cp. also Sk. gādha, fordable & see gāḷha1) adj. passable, fordable, in a° unfathomable, deep PvA.77 (=gambhīra). nt. a iord, a firm stand, firm ground, a safe place: gambhīre °ṃ vindati A.V, 202. °ṃ esati to seek the terra firma S.I, 127; similarly: °ṃ labhati to gain firm footing S.I, 47; °ṃ ajjhagā S.IV, 206; °ṃ labhate J.VI, 440 (=patiṭṭhā). Cp. o°, paṭi°. (Page 248)

2) Gādha, 1 (Sk. gāḷha pp. of gāh, see gāhati) depth; a hole, a dugout A.II, 107=Pug.43 (cp. PugA 225); Sdhp.394 (°ṃ khaṇati). Cp. gāḷha2. (Page 248)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gāḍha (गाढ).—a (S) Sound or heavy--sleep: thick--darkness: gross--ignorance: dense--a forest. 2 Firm, compact, stout. 3 Fast, fixed, tight, firm.

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gāḍhā (गाढा).—a ( H) Thick--liquids. 2 Firm, compact, stout, sturdy--the body &c. 3 Bold, undaunted, valiant. Ex. māriyēlē daitya gāḍhē || jyāñcē purāṇīṃ pōṃvāḍē ||. 4 Proficient, perfect, adept, smart, very clever or capable: also great, or preeminent for qualities or attainments gen., good or bad; as gāḍhā khōḍīla, gāḍhā gāyaka.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

gāḍhā (गाढा).—a Thick-liquids. Firm, compact, stout–the body &c. Bold, undaunted, valient. Ex. māriyēlē daitya gā़ḍhē | jyāñcē purāṇīṃ pōvāḍē ||.. Proficient, adept, smart, very clever or capable.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gāḍha (गाढ).—See under गाह् (gāh).

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Gādha (गाध).—a. [gādh-bhavādau ghañ] Fordable, not very deep, shallow; सरितः कुर्वती गाधाः पथश्चाश्यानकर्दमान् (saritaḥ kurvatī gādhāḥ pathaścāśyānakardamān) R.4.24; cf. अगाध (agādha).

-dham 1 A shallow place, ford.

2) A place, site.

3) Desire of gain, cupidity.

4) Bottom; अनासादितगाधं च पातालतलमव्ययम् (anāsāditagādhaṃ ca pātālatalamavyayam) Mb.1.21.13.

5) Consequence, result; स वै व्यसनमासाद्य गाधमार्तो न विन्दति (sa vai vyasanamāsādya gādhamārto na vindati) Mb.12.93.32.

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Gāḍha (गाढ).—p. p. [gāh-kta]

1) Dived or plunged into, bathed in, deeply entered.

2) Frequently plunged into, resorted to, thickly crowded or inhabited; तपस्विगाढां तमसां प्राप नदीं तुरङ्गमेण (tapasvigāḍhāṃ tamasāṃ prāpa nadīṃ turaṅgameṇa) R.9.72.

3) Closely pressed together, tightly drawn, fast, close, tight; गाढाङ्गदै- र्बाहुभिः (gāḍhāṅgadai- rbāhubhiḥ) R.16.6; गाढालिङ्गन (gāḍhāliṅgana) Amaru.4, a close embrace; Ch. P.6.

4) Thick, dense.

5) Deep, impervious.

6) Strong, vehement, excessive, intense; गाढनिद्रामवाप (gāḍhanidrāmavāpa) fell fast asleep; 2. °उद्वेग (udvega) excessively tormented; U.3.31; Māl.9.12; गाढोत्कण्ठाललितलुलितैरङ्ग- कैस्ताम्यतीति (gāḍhotkaṇṭhālalitalulitairaṅga- kaistāmyatīti) Māl.1.15; Me.85; प्राप्तगाढप्रकम्पा (prāptagāḍhaprakampā) Ś. Til.12; Amaru.74; so also गाढतप्तेन तप्तम् (gāḍhataptena taptam) Me.14.

-ḍham ind. Closely, fast, much, excessively, heavily, vehemently, powerfully.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Gāḍha (गाढ).—(m. ? = Sanskrit and Pali gādha; see also gāha), firm ground, solid basis: in alabdha-gāḍha (Senart °ḍhā, mss. °ḍhaṃ, which could stand as adv., °ḍhe, or once °gāho) Mahāvastu iii.284.2, 11 paribāhiro (q.v.) bhavati alabdha-g°, …not finding any basis (support). Cf. Sanskrit agādhe gādham icchatām Mahābhārata (Calcutta (see LV.)) 7.91; gādha in Pali often with esati, vindati, labhati.In Mahāvastu iii.285.13 mss. agāhe gāham esatha, which may be kept, see gāha; Senart em. agāḍhe [Page211-b+ 71] gāḍham, which is read by some mss. in the same verse Lalitavistara 379.11 (Lefm. with v.l. agādhe gādham, also eṣata). Cf. also next.

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Gādha (गाध).—(m.; in meaning ford, solid ground, firm basis, in Sanskrit and Pali, see s.vv. gāḍha, gāha), basis, in the sense of occasion, opportunity, (to do something, dat., quasi- infinitive): Aṣṭasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā 472.3 (avatāraṃ na labhate grahaṇāya) gādhaṃ na labhate.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gāḍha (गाढ).—adv. n.

(-ḍhaṃ) adj. mfn. (ḍhaḥ-ḍhā-ḍhaṃ) 1. Excessive, much, very much, heavy, oppressive, &c. 2. Firm, strong. 3. Hard. 4. Close. E. gāh to agitate, affix kta, deriv. irr.

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Gādha (गाध).—mfn.

(-dhaḥ-dhā-dhaṃ) Not very deep. m.

(-dhaḥ) 1. Place, site. 2. Desire of gain, cupidity, covetousness. 3. Bottom, soundings. E. gādh to stand, &c. affix ac.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gāḍha (गाढ).—see gāh.

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Gādha (गाध).—i. e. gādh (probably = gāh) + a, I. adj., f. dhā, Shallow (properly, Wherein one may get a footing), [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 94, 6. Ii. n. and m. Bottom, Mahābhārata 7, 91; [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 94, 12.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gadha (गध).—only gadhya to be taken hold of, to be seized. — Cf. āgadhita & parigadhita.

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Gāḍha (गाढ).—[adjective] dived into, entered; tight, fast, close; vehement, strong; °— & [neuter] [adverb] strongly, extremely, very much.

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Gādha (गाध).—[adjective] offering a standing ground, fordable, shallow; [neuter] ([masculine]) a shallow place in water, ford.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gadhā (गधा):—[from gadh] f. a particular part of a cart, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā ii, 4, 8, 1 [Scholiast or Commentator]] ([varia lectio] gadā).

2) Gāḍha (गाढ):—a See √gāh.

3) Gādha (गाध):—[from gādh] mf(ā)n. (ifc. [Pāṇini 6-2, 4]) offering firm standing-ground, fordable (as a river), not very deep, shallow, [??? ii, 9; Nirukta, by Yāska; Mahābhārata] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] n. ground for standing on in water, shallow place, ford, [Ṛg-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā iv; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xii; Tāṇḍya-brāhmaṇa] etc. (with bhāradvājasya Name of a Sāman, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa])

5) [v.s. ...] m. idem, [Rāmāyaṇa v, 94, 12]

6) [v.s. ...] = sthāna, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] desire, cupidity, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] Name of a people, [Atharva-veda.Pariś. li, 22.]

9) Gāḍha (गाढ):—[from gāh] b mfn. dived into, bathed in [Raghuvaṃśa ix, 72]

10) [v.s. ...] ‘deeply entered’, pressed together, tightly drawn, closely fastened, close, fast (opposed to śithila), [Mahābhārata iv, 152] (said of a bow), [Rāmāyaṇa; Raghuvaṃśa] etc.

11) [v.s. ...] thick, dense, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] strong, vehement, firm, [Mahābhārata] etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gāḍha (गाढ):—[(ḍhaḥ-ḍhā-ḍhaṃ) a.] Excessive, much; firm; hard; close.

2) Gādha (गाध):—(dhaḥ) 1. m. Place; soundings; cupidity. a. Not very deep.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Gāḍha (गाढ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Gāḍha, Gādha, Gāha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Gadha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Gaḍha (गढ):—(nm) a fort, castle, citadel; stronghold; ~[pati] a fort-commander; —[jotanā/toḍanā] to achieve a resounding victory, to accomplish a difficult job.

2) Gaḍhā (गढा):—(nm) see [gaḍḍhā].

3) Gadha in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) see [gadha]..—gadha (गदहा) is alternatively transliterated as Gadahā.

4) Gadhā (गधा):—(nm) an ass, a donkey; a damn fool, stupid fellow; ~[pana] folly, stupidity; •[karanā] to make an ass of oneself; to commit follies; —[pīṭane se ghoḍā nahīṃ hotā] the Etheopian never changes his skin; [gadhe ko aṃgūrī bāga] honey is not for donkey’s mouth; [gadhe ko khilāyā, na pāpa na puṇya] kindness is lost upon an ungrateful man; [gadhe ko bāpa banānā] flatter a fool for expediency; [gadhe para caḍhānā] to humiliate, to insult; [gadhe para basa na calā kubhhārī ke kāna umeṭha diye] to bark up a wrongtree; [gadhe se hala calavānā] to cause complete ruination (of); to raze to the ground.

5) Gāḍhā (गाढा):—(a) thick; dense; close as ([gāḍhī dostī]); deep; concentrated (as —[drava]); strong (as [gāḍhī cāya]); (nm) a thick coarse cloth; ~[ḍhā vakta] times of crisis, trying times; ~[ḍhī kamāī] hard-earned money; ~[ḍhī chananā] to be very thick; to take a strong intoxicant (as [bhāṃga]); ~[ḍhe dina] times of crisis, difficult days; ~[ḍhe pasīne kī kamāī] hard-earned money •[karanā] to earn an honest penny; ~[ḍhe meṃ] in a crisis.

6) Gādha (गाध):—(a) shallow, fathomable.

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Gāḍha (गाढ) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Gāḍha.

2) Gādha (गाध) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Gādha.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Gāḍha (ಗಾಢ):—

1) [adjective] occurring or existing in a high degree; very strong; violent, extreme, sharp, vivid, etc; characterised by much action, emotion, etc.; intense.

2) [adjective] not light; deep in shade (said of colour) 3) dived or plunged into, bathed in, deeply entered.

3) [adjective] closely pressed together; tightly drawn; tight; close.

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Gāḍha (ಗಾಢ):—

1) [noun] the quality or fact of being abundant; abundance; excessiveness.

2) [noun] (mus.) a particular style or manner in singing.

3) [noun] the grass-green coloured emerald, a bright-green, transparent precious stone.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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