Gagana, Gagaṇa, Gāgana: 12 definitions


Gagana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Gagana (गगन, “Mica”):—Sanskrit technical term used in Rasaśāstra literature (Medicinal Alchemy) such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara or the Rasaratna-samuccaya. Gagana is an ingredient which can be used in combinations with Rasa (mercury) in various recipes.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Gagana.—(IE 7-1-2; EI 52), ‘cypher’. Note: gagana is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

gagana : (nt.) the sky.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Gagana, (nt.) the sky (with reference to sidereal motions); usually of the moon: g° majjhe puṇṇacando viya J.I, 149, 212; g° tale canda-maṇḍalaṃ J.III, 365; cando g° majjhe ṭhito J.V, 137; cando gagane viya sobhati Vism.58; g° tale candaṃ viya DhA.I, 372; g° tale puṇṇacanda “the full-moon in the expanse of the heavens” VvA.3; g° talamagga the (moon’s) course in the sky PvA.188; etc. Of the sun: suriyo ākāse antalikkhe gaganapathe gacchati Nd2 on Sn.1097. Unspecified: J.I, 57; Vism.176 (°tal-âbhimukhaṃ). (Page 239)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gagana (गगन).—n (S) The sky or heavens. gagana kāmpaṇēṃ or tharāraṇēṃ (Trembling of the heavens.) Figure used in describing a fierce or terrible person. gaganāśīṃ gāṇṭha bāndhaṇēṃ-lāvaṇēṃ To soar high, i. e. to perform exploits; to achieve prodigies and marvels. gaganāśīṃ bhāṇḍaṇēṃ To emulate the skies;--used of a tall tree, a proud man &c. gaganāśīṃ divasa bhāṇḍaṇēṃ (To resist the too early closing in of the evening-sky.) To stretch out in summer-length: also to be just beginning to decline--the day. gaganāsārakhā or gaganāēvaḍhā Much prolonged, extended, spread abroad--the day, affairs, an establishment &c. Pr. gaganāsārakhī maitrī tiḷābarābara nātēṃ (barōbara hōta nāhīṃ). gaganīṃ divā lāvaṇēṃ To become very celebrated or public.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

gagana (गगन).—n The sky or heavens. gaganāśī gāṭha bāndhaṇēṃ To perform exploits. gaganāśī bhāṇḍaṇēṃ To emulate the skies. gaganīṃ divā lāvaṇēṃ To become very celebrated.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gagana (गगन) or Gagaṇa (गगण).—(Some suppose gagaṇa to be an incorrect form, as is observed by a writer :-phālgune gagane phene ṇatvamicchanti barbarāḥ)

1) The sky, atmosphere; अवोचदेनं गगन- स्पृशा रघुः स्वरेण (avocadenaṃ gagana- spṛśā raghuḥ svareṇa) R.3.43; गगनमिव नष्टतारम् (gaganamiva naṣṭatāram) Pt.5.6; सोऽयं सोमः पतति गगनात् (so'yaṃ somaḥ patati gaganāt) Ś.4. (v. l.); Śi.9.27.

2) (In math.) A cypher.

3) Firmament.

4) Heaven.

Derivable forms: gaganam (गगनम्), gagaṇam (गगणम्).

--- OR ---

Gāgana (गागन).—A kind of horse; ये लङ्घयन्तः परिखामपारां ते गागनाः पुण्यतमाः प्रदिष्टाः (ye laṅghayantaḥ parikhāmapārāṃ te gāganāḥ puṇyatamāḥ pradiṣṭāḥ) Śalihotra, Appendix II,161.

Derivable forms: gāganaḥ (गागनः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Gagaṇa (गगण).—(°-), see also Gagana- (as in Sanskrit there is much variation, but °na seems commoner).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gagaṇa (गगण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) Sky, atmosphere, heaven. E. gam to go. Unadi affix yuc and the radical final changed to ga; the word and its derivatives are also sometimes read gagana.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gagaṇa (गगण).—[neuter] sky, heaven, air.

--- OR ---

Gagana (गगन).—[neuter] sky, heaven, air.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gagaṇa (गगण):—for gagana q.v.

2) Gagana (गगन):—n. the atmosphere, sky, firmament, [Rāmāyaṇa; Suśruta; Raghuvaṃśa; Nārāyaṇa-upaniṣad] etc.

3) talc, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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