Dvesha, aka: Dveṣa; 11 Definition(s)

Introduction

Dvesha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Dveṣa can be transliterated into English as Dvesa or Dvesha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vaisheshika (school of philosophy)

Dveṣa (द्वेष, “aversion”) is one of the seventeen guṇas (‘qualities’), according to the Vaiśeṣika-sūtras. These guṇas are considered as a category of padārtha (“metaphysical correlate”). These padārthas represent everything that exists which can be cognized and named. Together with their subdivisions, they attempt to explain the nature of the universe and the existence of living beings.

Source: Wisdom Library: Vaiśeṣika
Vaisheshika book cover
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Vaisheshika (वैशेषिक, vaiśeṣika) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. Vaisheshika deals with subjects such as logic, epistemology, philosophy and expounds concepts similar to Buddhism in nature

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

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Dveṣa (द्वेष) refers to “hate” and represents a type of Ādhyātmika pain of the mental (mānasa) type, according to the Viṣṇu-purāṇa 6.5.1-6. Accordingly, “the wise man having investigated the three kinds of worldly pain, or mental and bodily affliction and the like, and having acquired true wisdom, and detachment from human objects, obtains final dissolution.”

Ādhyātmika and its subdivisions (eg., dveṣa) represents one of the three types of worldly pain (the other two being ādhibhautika and ādhidaivika) and correspond to three kinds of affliction described in the Sāṃkhyakārikā.

The Viṣṇupurāṇa is one of the eighteen Mahāpurāṇas which, according to tradition was composed of over 23,000 metrical verses dating from at least the 1st-millennium BCE. There are six chapters (aṃśas) containing typical puranic literature but the contents primarily revolve around Viṣṇu and his avatars.

Source: Wisdom Library: Viṣṇu-purāṇa
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Dveṣa (द्वेष) or Vidveṣa or Prītināśana refers to “provoking enmity” which is accomplished by performing mantrasādhana (preparatory procedures) beginning with japamālā using a rosary bead made from the nails of sādhya’s body, according to the Kakṣapuṭatantra verse 1.42. Accordingly, “a rosary made from the nails of sādhya’s body and strung with a string made from hair is [suitable] for the dveṣa (syn. vidveṣa, provoking enmity) ritual”.

According to the Kakṣapuṭatantra verse 1.49, “One should recite a mantra using the index finger and thumb for the vidveṣa and uccāṭa (extirpating enemies)”. According to verse 1.52, “for the dveṣa, one should recite a mantra in the third yāma in grīṣma season”. According to verse 1.53, the prītināśana (syn. vidveṣa, provoking enmity) should be performed at the noon. According to verse 1.56, “the 8th, full moon day, 1st, or 9th, whichever day is a Friday or a Saturday are recommended for the vidveṣa ritual”. According to verse 1.64, the kukkuta (wild cock) posture (āsana) is recommended for vidveṣa. According to verse 1.65, performing in a cemetery is recommended for vidveṣa.

Source: Shodhganga: Mantra-sādhana: Chapter One of the Kakṣapuṭatantra
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Nyaya (school of philosophy)

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Dveṣa (द्वेष, “aversion”) and Dveṣa (aversion) refers to two of the twenty-four guṇas (qualities) according to Praśastapāda and all the modern works on Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika.—Icchā (desire) and dveṣa (aversion) is also a pair of qualities (guṇa) like sukha and duḥkha. These two are also correlated qualities, but they are not contradictory to each. That means one is not the negation of the other; but both are positive qualities.

About dveṣa (aversion) Praśastapāda says that it has a nature of burning. Dveṣa is that because of which the self feels as if it is burning. It is caused by the conjunction of ātmā with manas, pain and recollection of painful objects. Dveṣa is the cause of prayatna, smṛti, dharma and adharma. There are different kinds of dveṣa, such as krodha (anger), droha (malevolence), manyuḥ (resentment) etc.

Annaṃbhaṭṭa gives very short definition of icchā and dveṣa. Icchā is longing and dveṣa is irritation. He has not elaborated these definitions. Viśvanātha appears to be a little more elaborate in these respects. In his view craving for painlessness and pleasure is desire and it arises from the knowledge of them. Desire is twofold–that relating to the result and that relating to the means. Result is twofold, viz., pleasure and absence of pain. The cause of the desire for the result is the knowledge of the desire. The desire for the means is caused by the knowledge of its conduciveness to what is desirable. According to Viśvanātha, dveṣa, on the other hand, is caused by the notion of producing something repugnant.

Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories
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Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Dveṣa, (द्वेष, “hatred”):—One of the three poisons (triviṣa).—Hatred is of two kinds:

  1. bad hatred (mithyādveṣa)
  2. and simple hatred
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Dveṣa (द्वेष, “hatred”) refers to the “three roots of unwholesomeness” (akuśalamūla) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 139). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., dveṣa). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

India history and geogprahy

Dvesa.—(CII 3), an epithet applied to land; a term of un- certain significance. Note: dvesa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

dvēṣa (द्वेष).—m (S) Spite, malice, rancor. 2 Hatred or dislike of; displeasure with; offence at. v kara g. of o. dvēṣa ugaviṇēṃ To gratify malice or hatred; to take one's revenge. dvēṣa vāgaviṇēṃ To cherish (keep stirring or working) malice. Ex. itakā dvēṣa vāga- vīta manīṃ || parī laukikārtha yēūni baisē kīrttanīṃ ||.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dvēṣa (द्वेष).—m Spite. Hatred. dvēṣa ugaviṇēṃ To gratify malice or hatred; to take one's revenge. dvēṣa vāgaviṇēṃ To cherish malice.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dveṣa (द्वेष).—[dviṣ-bhāve ghañ]

1) Hate, dislike, abhorrence, repugnance, distaste; Ś.5.18; इन्द्रियस्येन्द्रियस्यार्थे रागद्वेषौ व्यवस्थितौ (indriyasyendriyasyārthe rāgadveṣau vyavasthitau) Bg.3.34;7.27; so अन्नद्वेषः, भक्तद्वेषः (annadveṣaḥ, bhaktadveṣaḥ) &c.

2) Enmity, hostility, malignity; अकन्येति तु यः कन्यां ब्रूयाद् द्वेषेण मानवः (akanyeti tu yaḥ kanyāṃ brūyād dveṣeṇa mānavaḥ) Ms.8.225.

Derivable forms: dveṣaḥ (द्वेषः).

--- OR ---

Dveṣa (द्वेष).—&c. See under द्विष् (dviṣ).

Derivable forms: dveṣaḥ (द्वेषः).

See also (synonyms): dveṣaṇa, dveṣya.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dveṣa (द्वेष).—m.

(-ṣaḥ) Hate, enmity. E. dviṣa to hate, affix ghañ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 93 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Annadvesha
Annadveṣa (अन्नद्वेष).—dislike of food, loss of appetite. Derivable forms: annadveṣaḥ (अन्नद्वे...
Dveshastha
Dveṣastha (द्वेषस्थ).—a. betraying dislike.Dveṣastha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the t...
Korada Dvesha
kōraḍā dvēṣa (कोरडा द्वेष).—m Malice or hostility without reason.
Dveshaparimocana
Dveṣaparimocana (द्वेषपरिमोचन).—a particular Samādhi. Derivable forms: dveṣaparimocanaḥ (द्वेषप...
Sparshadvesha
Sparśadveṣa (स्पर्शद्वेष).—sensitiveness to touch. Derivable forms: sparśadveṣaḥ (स्पर्शद्वेषः)...
Brahmadvesha
Brahmadveṣa (ब्रह्मद्वेष).—hatred of Brāhmaṇas. Derivable forms: brahmadveṣaḥ (ब्रह्मद्वेषः).Br...
Dveshavyadhi
Dveṣavyādhi (द्वेषव्याधि) refers to “sickness of hatred”.
Dveshapatita
Dveṣapatita (द्वेषपतित) refers to “those that depend on hatred” and represents a type of bond (...
Icchadvesha
Icchādveṣa (इच्छाद्वेष) or Icchādveṣapūrvaka refers to “[effort arising from] desire and aversi...
Dosha
Doṣa.—(LP), doing anything wrongly. (IE 7-1-2), ‘three’. (EI 9), black or red spots on the tong...
Guna
Guṇa (गुण).—(1) m. (Sanskrit and Pali id., not recorded in this use), advantage: Mv i.155.7 (v...
Iccha
Icchā (इच्छा, “desire”) and Dveṣa (aversion) refers to two of the twenty-four guṇas (qualities)...
Vishnu
Viṣṇu (विष्णु) has many manifestations namely Varadarāja Perumāl, Govindarāja Perumāl, Vaṭabhad...
Khila
Khila (खिल).—mfn. (-laḥ-lā-laṃ) 1. Waste or unploughed land. 2. Empty, vacant. m. (-laḥ) 1. A n...
Akasha
Ākaṣa (आकष).—m. (-ṣaḥ) A touchstone. E. āṅ, kaṣa to injure, and ac aff.--- OR --- Ākāśa (आकाश)....

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