Duhkha, aka: Duḥkha; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Duhkha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaiśeṣika (school of philosophy)

Duḥkha (दुःख, “pain”) is one of the seventeen guṇas (‘qualities’), according to the Vaiśeṣika-sūtras. These guṇas are considered as a category of padārtha (“metaphysical correlate”). These padārthas represent everything that exists which can be cognized and named. Together with their subdivisions, they attempt to explain the nature of the universe and the existence of living beings.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Vaiśeṣika
Vaiśeṣika book cover
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Vaiśeṣika (वैशेषिक, vaisheshika) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (āstika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upaniṣads. Vaiśeṣika deals with subjects such as logic, epistemology, philosophy and expounds concepts similair to Buddhism in nature

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Duḥkha (दुःख) refers to “time of sorrow” and is one of the six reasons for “conjugal union” (vāsaka) between a king and a women, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. Accordingly, “conjugal union (vāsaka) being due, kings should go to the bed-chamber of a wife even if she may be in her menses and may not be his favourite”.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
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Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Duḥkha (दुःख, “suffering”) refers to the first of the “four noble truths” (caturāryasatya) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 21). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., duḥkha). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Duḥkha refers to one of the “eight worldly conditions” (lokadharma) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 61).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Duḥkha (दुःख, “misery”) refers “feeling of misery” and is one of the causes leading to the influx (āsrana) of karmas extending unpleasant feelings (asātāvedanīya).

Duḥkha is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Jainism
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

duḥkha (दुःख).—n (S) Pain, sorrow, affliction, unhappiness. 2 A difficulty, disease, trouble; a cause or an occasion of pain. 3 Lues Venerea. duḥkha pāhūna ḍāga dyāvā Apply the remedy to the evil. duḥkha mānaṇēṃ g. of s. To be pained or grieved about; to be sorry for. duḥkha vēśīsa bāndhaṇēṃ To tell a grievance or pain to the whole world. duḥkhācā vāṇṭā ucalaṇēṃ-ghēṇēṃ To take part in the pain or trouble of. duḥkhāvara ḍāga dēṇēṃ or phāsaṇyā ghālaṇēṃ or ṭākaṇēṃ To triumph over an unfortunate person; to apply salt to a sore: also to touch a sore point. duḥkhēṃ pāpēṃ (With pain and sin.) With painful effort and great ado.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

Search found 78 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Adacanince Duhkha
aḍacaṇīñcē duḥkha (अडचणींचे दुःख) [or दुखणें, dukhaṇēṃ].—n An embarrassing or awkward disorder ...
Duhkha-vardhanam
A swelling of the earlobes attended with an itching, burning sensation and pain in consequen...
Dukkha
Dukkha, (adj.-n.) (Sk. duḥkha fr. duḥ-ka, an adj. formation fr. prefix duḥ (see du). According ...
Samana
śamana (शमन).—n Quieting. A settler. Becoming calm. Allaying.--- OR --- samāna (समान).—a Even; ...
Bhava
Bhava (भव) is an example of a Śaivite name mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. Classification ...
Mana
Māna (मान) is a Prakrit ending for deriving proper personal names, mentioned as an example in t...
Four Noble Truths
Four Noble Truths:—A technical term in Buddhism corresponding to the Sanskrit caturār...
Guna
guṇa (गुण).—m (S) A quality, attribute, affection, or property, whether of matter or mind; a po...
Sukha
Sukha (सुख, “happiness”) refers to one of the “eight worldly conditions” (lokadharma) as define...
Anga
Aṅga (अङ्ग) refers to a set of “requirements” for attaining the right faith.—Of the three jewel...
Vishaya
Viṣaya (विषय) refers to a name-ending for place-names mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions (reig...
Vela
vēla (वेल).—m f A creeping or climbing plant. vēla vāḍhaṇēṃ Increase in progeny.--- OR --- vēlā...
Indriya
Indriya (इन्द्रिय, “sense organs”).—What is meant by the sense organs (indriya)? An instrument ...
Aghora
aghōra (अघोर).—a Terrible, formidable-applied freely to objects, places, actions aghōrī a Vile ...
Kaivalya
kaivalya (कैवल्य).—n Becoming one with the Deity, absorption into the Divine essence.

Relevant text

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