Duhkha, aka: Duḥkha; 4 Definition(s)
Duhkha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Vaiśeṣika (school of philosophy)
Duḥkha (दुःख, “pain”) is one of the seventeen guṇas (‘qualities’), according to the Vaiśeṣika-sūtras. These guṇas are considered as a category of padārtha (“metaphysical correlate”). These padārthas represent everything that exists which can be cognized and named. Together with their subdivisions, they attempt to explain the nature of the universe and the existence of living beings.(Source): Wisdom Library: Vaiśeṣika
Vaiśeṣika (वैशेषिक, vaisheshika) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (āstika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upaniṣads. Vaiśeṣika deals with subjects such as logic, epistemology, philosophy and expounds concepts similair to Buddhism in nature
Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Duḥkha (दुःख) refers to “time of sorrow” and is one of the six reasons for “conjugal union” (vāsaka) between a king and a women, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. Accordingly, “conjugal union (vāsaka) being due, kings should go to the bed-chamber of a wife even if she may be in her menses and may not be his favourite”.(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).
General definition (in Jainism)
Duḥkha (दुःख, “misery”) refers “feeling of misery” and is one of the causes leading to the influx (āsrana) of karmas extending unpleasant feelings (asātāvedanīya).
Duḥkha is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.(Source): Wisdom Library: Jainism
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
duḥkha (दुःख).—n (S) Pain, sorrow, affliction, unhappiness. 2 A difficulty, disease, trouble; a cause or an occasion of pain. 3 Lues Venerea. duḥkha pāhūna ḍāga dyāvā Apply the remedy to the evil. duḥkha mānaṇēṃ g. of s. To be pained or grieved about; to be sorry for. duḥkha vēśīsa bāndhaṇēṃ To tell a grievance or pain to the whole world. duḥkhācā vāṇṭā ucalaṇēṃ-ghēṇēṃ To take part in the pain or trouble of. duḥkhāvara ḍāga dēṇēṃ or phāsaṇyā ghālaṇēṃ or ṭākaṇēṃ To triumph over an unfortunate person; to apply salt to a sore: also to touch a sore point. duḥkhēṃ pāpēṃ (With pain and sin.) With painful effort and great ado.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
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aḍacaṇīñcē duḥkha (अडचणींचे दुःख) [or दुखणें, dukhaṇēṃ].—n An embarrassing or awkward disorder ...
A swelling of the earlobes attended with an itching, burning sensation and pain in consequen...
Dukkha, (adj.-n.) (Sk. duḥkha fr. duḥ-ka, an adj. formation fr. prefix duḥ (see du). According ...
śamana (शमन).—n Quieting. A settler. Becoming calm. Allaying.--- OR --- samāna (समान).—a Even; ...
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guṇa (गुण).—m (S) A quality, attribute, affection, or property, whether of matter or mind; a po...
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vēla (वेल).—m f A creeping or climbing plant. vēla vāḍhaṇēṃ Increase in progeny.--- OR --- vēlā...
sukha (सुख).—n Ease; enjoyment, pleasure. sukhakara Easy to be done; that does easily. sukhācā ...
Vishaya is one of the terms designating an ‘administrative division’ used in the inscriptions o...
Indriya (इन्द्रिय, “sense organs”).—What is meant by the sense organs (indriya)? An instrument ...
aghōra (अघोर).—a Terrible, formidable-applied freely to objects, places, actions aghōrī a Vile ...
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raja (रज).—n m Dust. The poilen of flowers. The menstrual discharge. Second of the three proper...
Search found 27 books and stories containing Duhkha or Duḥkha. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Introduction (obtaining the first dhyāna) < [Part 3 - Definition of the various dhyānas and samāpattis]
IV. Links between impermanence, suffering and non-self < [Chapter XXXVII - The Ten Concepts]
III. Connection between the Nine and the Ten Notions < [Part 1 - The nine notions according to the Abhidharma]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.6.37 < [Chapter 6 - Abhīṣṭa-lābha: The Attainment of All Desires]
Verse 1.5.64 < [Chapter 5 - Priya: The Beloved]
Verse 1.6.53 < [Chapter 6 - Priyatama: The Most Beloved]
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.5.126 < [Part 5 - Permanent Ecstatic Mood (sthāyī-bhāva)]
Verse 2.5.4 < [Part 5 - Permanent Ecstatic Mood (sthāyī-bhāva)]
Verse 2.5.77 < [Part 5 - Permanent Ecstatic Mood (sthāyī-bhāva)]
Sushruta Samhita, volume 4: Cikitsasthana (by Sushruta)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 16 - Perception (Pratyakṣa) < [Chapter VIII - The Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika Philosophy]
Part 1 - Criticism of Buddhism and Sāṃkhya from the Nyāya standpoint < [Chapter VIII - The Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika Philosophy]
Part 12 - The Mādhyamika or the Śūnyavāda school.—Nihilism < [Chapter V - Buddhist Philosophy]
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