Dvatrimshat, Dvātriṃśat: 10 definitions


Dvatrimshat means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Dvātriṃśat can be transliterated into English as Dvatrimsat or Dvatrimshat, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Dvatrimshat in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Dvātriṃśat (द्वात्रिंशत्) refers to “32 (thirty-two)” types of Ketus (i.e., luminous bodies such as comets and meteors), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 11), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The comets that resemble clusters of stars are named Gaṇakā Ketus; they are 8 in number and are the sons of Prajāpati. Those that are oblongular in shape, are 204 in number and are the sons of Brahmā. The comets that resemble clusters of bamboo canes and that are as bright as the moon are named Kaṅkā Ketus; they are the sons of Varuṇa and are 32 in number [i.e., dvātriṃśat]. When they appear mankind will suffer miseries”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Dvatrimshat in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Dvātriṃśat (द्वात्रिंशत्) refers to “thirty-two (syllables)”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] Active in the utterance (of mantra that takes place) in the centre, she pervades all things with the mass of (her) red and beautiful rays. (She is) the threefold Nityaklinnā, the universal energy of Śiva, the root goddess who pervades (all things). She awakens the Command that has been destroyed and removes the impurities (that sully the) Rule. She alone is capable of piercing the bridge. She is the garland of thirty-two syllables (dvātriṃśat-varṇamālā), the awakened Kaulika Command, the supreme energy (well) deployed. Pure, she is the Light of the Void and she pulses radiantly with waves of rays. She alone conjoins (the fettered to) the path of the Siddhas. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Dvatrimshat in Mahayana glossary
Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Dvātriṃśat (द्वात्रिंशत्) refers to the “thirty-two (marks of beauty)”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, “Now the Bhagavān was residing in the abode of Brahmā. [...] The Bhagavān had a body ornamented with a net of ten million million thousand rays. He was blazing brightly like a golden pillar. He was brilliant like the Sun, displayed the thirty-two marks (dvātriṃśat) of beauty and the eighty minor marks of beauty. He was embellished with a radiance measuring a fathom. He had the body of a Tathāgata, extremely pure, extremely spotless and brilliant”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dvatrimshat in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dvātriṃśat (द्वात्रिंशत्).—&c. See under द्वि (dvi).

See also (synonyms): dvāja, dvādaśa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dvātriṃśat (द्वात्रिंशत्).—thirty-two, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 43, 5. Ṣaṭ- triṃśat, i. e.

Dvātriṃśat is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dvā and triṃśat (त्रिंशत्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dvātriṃśat (द्वात्रिंशत्).—[feminine] thirty two.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dvātriṃśat (द्वात्रिंशत्):—[=dvā-triṃśat] [from dvā] f. (dvā-) 32

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Dvātriṃśat (द्वात्रिंशत्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Battīsa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dvatrimshat in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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