Candrahasa, Candrahāsa, Candra-hasa, Camdrahasa: 10 definitions


Candrahasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chandrahasa.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Candrahasa in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Candrahāsa (चन्द्रहास).—Son of King Sudhārmika of Kerala. The following story about him is told in Jaimini Aśvamedha Parva.

Candrahāsa, born under the star Mūlam had a sixth finger on the left foot indicative of poverty and of all other evils. And, therefore, on his birth enemies killed Sudhārmika and his wife followed him soon to the other world. The child thus left an orphan was taken to Kauṇḍalakapurī by a female inmate of the palace. But unfortunately the woman died within three years of the above incident. The child, just for very existence, took to begging. After sometime some women jointly took up charge of the boy. Once he went to the house of Dhṛṣṭabuddhi, minister of Kauṇḍala where a feast was in progress. The munis present there were impressed by Candrahāsa and prophesied that he would become a King. To Dhṛṣṭabuddhi, the munis said that the child would guard his wealth. Angry and suspicious at the prophesy of the munis Dhṛṣṭabuddhi asked his men to kill the boy. They led him to the forest. On the way Candrahāsa got a Śālagrāma (a small sacred stone which represented some upadevatā) which he applied very devotedly to his face. They did not in fact kill the boy, but cut off his sixth finger on the left foot and showed it to their master. (See full article at Story of Candrahāsa from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Candrahāsa (चन्द्रहास).—Rāvaṇa’s sword. Rāvaṇa, in the course of his triumphal tour after receiving the boons from Brahman, subjugated kings, and marching northward reached the valleys of Mount Kailāsa. But, Nandikeśvara stopped him there, and Rāvaṇa, threatening to throw away Śiva, master of Nandikeśvara along with Kailāsa, put his twenty hands under it to pull it out, and the great mountain shook violently. Pārvatī got frightened and running upto Śiva embraced him. Śiva, who divined the reason for all these with his eye of supreme knowledge grounded the mountain firmly on earth, crushing Rāvaṇa’s hands under it. Unable to take away his arms from under the mountain, Rāvaṇa remained there for about thousand years singing the praises of the Lord. At last Śiva appeared to Rāvaṇa and presented him with a sword called Candrahāsa. It was this sword which won victories for Rāvaṇa in future wars. (Uttara Rāmāyaṇa).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Candrahasa in Jainism glossary
Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Candrahāsa (चन्द्रहास) is the name of a sword acquired by Rāvaṇa, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.1 [origin of the rākṣasavaṃśa and vānaravaṃśa] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, “[...] When they heard of his [i.e., Rāvaṇa’s] subduing of vidyās, his parents, sister, and kinsmen came there and paid homage. The three brothers remained, creating bliss, a rain of nectar to their parents’ eyes, a festival to their relatives. Then by six one-day fasts Daśāsya acquired the best sword, Candrahāsa, serving for subjugating the quarters.”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Candrahāsa.—(EI 25), name of Rāma's sword. Note: candrahāsa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Candrahasa in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Candrahāsa (चन्द्रहास).—

1) a glittering sword.

2) the sword of Rāvaṇa; हे पाणयः किमिति वाञ्छथ चन्द्रहासम् (he pāṇayaḥ kimiti vāñchatha candrahāsam) B. R.1.56,61.

3) Name of a king of Kerala, son of Sudhārmika. [He was born under the Mūla asterism and his left foot had a redundant toe; for this his father was killed by his enemies, and the boy was left an orphan in a state of destitution. After much exertion he was restored to his kingdom. He became a friend of Krisna and Arjuna when they came to the South in the course of their wanderings with the sacrificial horse.]

-sam silver.

Derivable forms: candrahāsaḥ (चन्द्रहासः).

Candrahāsa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms candra and hāsa (हास).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Candrahāsa (चन्द्रहास).—m.

(-saḥ) 1. A scimitar. 2. the sword of Ravana. f.

(-sā) Moon plant, (Menispermum glabrum.) n.

(-saṃ) Silver. E. candra the moon, and hāsa what derides: outvieing the moon in brightness.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Candrahāsa (चन्द्रहास):—[=candra-hāsa] [from candra > cand] m. (= -bhāsa), ‘moon-derider’, a glittering scimitar, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa vi, 27/28]

2) [v.s. ...] Rāvaṇa’s sword, [Rāmāyaṇa vii, 16, 43]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a prince, [Jaimini-bhārata, āśvamedhika-parvan] lxv-lxxv

4) [v.s. ...] of a hero of Kālikā, [Vīracarita xxx]

5) [v.s. ...] n. silver, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Candrahāsā (चन्द्रहासा):—[=candra-hāsā] [from candra-hāsa > candra > cand] f. = -puṣpā, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

7) [v.s. ...] Cocculus cordifolius, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of a Yoginī, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Candrahāsa (चन्द्रहास):—[candra-hāsa] (saḥ) 1. m. A scimitar. f. Moon-plant. n. Silver.

[Sanskrit to German]

Candrahasa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Candrahasa in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Caṃdrahāsa (ಚಂದ್ರಹಾಸ):—

1) [noun] a very pleasing smile.

2) [noun] a kind of sword.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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