Kamala, Kāmāla, Kamalā, Kāmalā, Kama-la: 44 definitions
Kamala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Kamal.
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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism
1) Kamalā (कमला, “Lotus”):—One of the female offspring from Mahālakṣmī (rajas-form of Mahādevī). Mahālakṣmī is one of the three primary forms of Devī, the other two being Mahākālī and Mahāsarasvatī. Not to be confused with Lakṣmī, she is a more powerful cosmic aspect (vyaṣṭi) of Devi and represents the guṇa (universal energy) named rajas. Also see the Devī Māhātmya, a Sanskrit work from the 5th century, incorporated into the Mārkaṇḍeya-Purāṇa.
2) Kamalā (कमला, “the lotus”):—The tenth of the ten Mahāvidyās. She represents the Power of Wealth. She is the consort of Sadāśivā (when he takes over the function of Viṣṇu sustaining the world). As the counterpart of Dhūmāvatī, she represents all the material and spiritual desirables. She is the embodiement of prosperity and universal well-being. The ten Mahāvidyās are the emanations of Mahākālī, the Goddess of time and death. She is depicted as a fearful laughing goddess with four arms entwined with poisonous snakes in her hair. She has three red eyes, a wagging tongue and feaful teeth. Her left foot is standing on a corpseSource: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
1) Kamalā (कमला) is the Goddess of Kailāśa, one of the four sacred mountains mentioned in the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—The subsidiary seats (upapīṭha) the goddess created by her gaze (avalokana) are four sacred mountains, of which one is Arbuda. A goddess resides on each mountain and exerts her authority there at Kubjikā’s behest, granting success (siddhi) to her devotees. They are: 1) Śrīśaila—Barbarā 2) Māhendra—Mahātārikā 3) Kailāśa—Kamalā 4) Arbuda—Koṅkaṇā.
2) Kamalā (कमला) or Kamalāvvā is the name of the Mother (avvā) associated with the sacred seat of Pūrṇagiri, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.
3) Kamala (कमल) refers to one of the eight Guardians (kṣetrapāla-aṣṭaka) associated with Kāmākhya (corresponding to the eastern face of Bhairava), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra.—[...] The eight Guardians (kṣetrapālāṣṭaka): Heruka, Kumāra, Kamala, Ṣaṇmukhāntaka, Kadamba, Lalita, Lambodara, Devasena.Source: Red Zambala: The 10 Great Wisdom Goddesses
Kamalā rules over the auspicious nakṣatra Rohiṇī in Taurus, giver of wealth, while Dhūmāvatī rules over the nakṣatra Jyeṣṭhā in the sign Scorpio which brings poverty. Kamalā is the power inherent in prosperity as the energy of preservation she represents the potential for universal well-being that can only be accomplished through the correct utilisation of wealth.
Kamalā represents material well-being, comfort, the familiar. As the preserving energy she bestows stability and security —she represents the very state of mind which contributes to further continuity in Samsāra whereas Kālī represents the Liberating force. Kamalā consciousness is what one seeks to restrain, overcome and finally transcend.Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)
Kamalā (कमला) is another name for Goddess Nityā, according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “[...] O mother! Even the kings of gods bow to the feet of those men who have acquired a drop of the grace of seeing you. [...] Mindful men call you Kledanī, Kulakuṇḍalinī, Kā, Nityā, Nīti, Nau, Nāvikā, Vidyā, Saṃvid, Vīśvamayī, Umā, Kāmeśvarī, and Kamalā”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Kamala (कमल) is a Sanskrit technical term translating to the color “lotus” or “lotus-flower”, but can also refer to “pale-red”, “rose-coloured” etc. and in a different context can also refer to “desirous”, “lustful” etc. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita or the Carakasaṃhita.Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs
Kamala [कामला] in the Hindi language is the name of a plant identified with Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Müll.Arg. from the Euphorbiaceae (Castor) family. For the possible medicinal usage of kamala, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.
Kamala [কমলা] in the Bengali language, ibid. previous identification.Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)
Kamala (कमल) refers to the nelumbo tree, mentioned in verse 3.34-36 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] In groves in which the hot-rayed one is darkened by cloud-grazing huge Sal trees and Palmyra palms, [...] (and which is) covered with the shoots and fruit-pendants of mango-trees; (or) on a couch (which is) prepared from tender banana-leaves, white nymphaeas, lotus-fibres, nelumbos [viz., kamala], and blue nymphaeas, (and) in which (are found) opening buds and sprouts: (there) one shall sleep at noon when pained by the heat of the sun; or in a bath-house”.
Note: For kamala (“nelumbo”) the translators have substituted the synonymous padma. On the various names for lotus and their identification see Rau, Asiatica p. 505 sqq.Source: Research Gate: Internal applications of Vatsanabha (Aconitum ferox wall)
Kāmalā (कामला) refers to “hepatitis” (inflammation of the liver, irrespective of the cause). Vatsanābha (Aconitum ferox), although categorized as sthāvara-viṣa (vegetable poisons), has been extensively used in ayurvedic pharmacopoeia.Source: Ancient Science of Life: Vaidyavallabha: An Authoritative Work on Ayurveda Therapeutics
Kāmalā (कामला) refers to “jaundice”, and is dealt with in the 17th-century Vaidyavallabha (chapter 6) written by Hastiruci.—The Vaidyavallabha is a work which deals with the treatment and useful for all 8 branches of Ayurveda. The text Vaidyavallabha has been designed based on the need of the period of the author, availability of drugs during that time, disease (viz., kāmāla) manifesting in that era, socio-economical-cultural-familial-spiritual-aspects of that period Vaidyavallabha.
In kāmalā-hara-prayoga (jaundice-alleviating formulation), instead of dadhi-nīra (upper watery portion of curd), dadhinā-sārdha (along with curds) is mentioned in some manuscripts.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Kamalā (कमला).—Mother of Prahlāda. (Padma Purāṇa).
2) Kamalā (कमला).—A follower of Skandadeva. (Śloka 9, Chapter 46, Śalya Parva, Mahābhārata).Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study
Kamala (कमल) refers to the lotus and represents flowers (puṣpa) once commonly used in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa. The lotus is also called by the names Jalaja (verse 45), Padma, Nīlanalina and Nīlotpala (verse 62 and 339), Jātī (verse 429), Irā (verse 673-675ff.) and Kunda (verse 495).Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
1) Kamala (कमल) is the name of a flower used in the worship of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.11:—“[...] offerings of flowers, especially white flowers and rare flowers, shall be made to Lord Śiva. Flowers of Apāmārga, Karpūra, Jātī, Campaka, Kuśa, Pāṭala, Karavīra, Mallikā, Kamala (lotus) and Utpalas (lilies) of various sorts shall be used. When water is poured it shall be poured in a continuous stream”.
2) Kamala (कमल) refers to “lotuses” which is used in the worship of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.13:—“[...] then the Ācamana shall be offered and cloth dedicated. Gingelly seeds, barley grains, wheat, green gram or black gram shall then be offered to Śiva with various mantras. Then flowers shall be offered to the five-faced noble soul. Lotuses (kamala), rose, Śaṅkha, and Kuśa flowers, Dhattūras, Mandāras grown in a wooden vessel, holy basil leaves or Bilva leaves shall be offered to each of the faces in accordance with the previous meditation or according to one’s wish. By all means Śiva favourably disposed to His devotees shall be worshipped with great devotion. If other flowers are not available, Bilva leaves shall be used exclusively in the worship of Śiva”.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Kamalā (कमला).—Brahmā's consort; see also lakṣmī, śrī.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 15. 37; 39. 67.
1b) An Apsaras.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 7.
2) Kāmalā (कामला).—A goddess enshrined at Kamalālaya.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 32.
Kamalā (कमला) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.45.9). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kamalā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
1) Kamala (कमल) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (e.g., kamala) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.
2) Kamala (कमल) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (e.g., kamala) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.
3) Kamalā (कमला) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (e.g., kamalā) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.
4) Kamalā (कमला) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (e.g., kamalā) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)
Kamalā (कमला) refers to a type of Gāthā: one of the oldest Prakrit meters probably developed out of the epic Anuṣṭubh, as discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.—There are three main kinds of a Gāthā, i.e., Pathyā, Vipulā and Capalā. On the other hand, we get 26 varieties of a Gāthā if we base our division upon the number of short letters which they contain. The smallest number of short letters which a Gāthā may contain is 3 and such a Gāthā is called Kamalā; the largest number of short letters which it might contain is 55 and then it is called Gaurī.
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
Kavya (poetry)Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Kamalā (कमला), daughter of Devala, is one of the twelve female friends of Mahallikā: daughter of Prahlāda, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 45. Accordingly, as Mahallikā said to Sūryaprabha: “... my female friends are not only two, but twelve in number, and my father’s brother carried them off from Indra’s heaven... And the third is Kālindī, the fourth Bhadrakā, and the fifth is the noble Kamalā with beautiful eyes. These three are the daughters of the great hermit Devala... They [eg., Kamalā] are all heavenly nymphs, born from Apsarases, and when I was married they were taken to the first underworld, and I must bestow them on you, in order that I may be always with them”.
The story of Kamalā and Mahallikā was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Kamalā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Kāmalā (कामला) refers to “jaundice” according to the fifth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 13). Accordingly, “If a man suffering from anemia (pandu) takes such food or per forms such acts as increase pitta, His blood and flesh are burnt, as it were, by the abnormal excess of pitta (animal heat) giving rise to kamala or jaundice. The eyes, skin, hails, and face of such a patient grow highly yellowish. His urine and stool become reddish yellow. His colour becomes yellow like a frog of the same colour, and his sense-organs are enfeebled. He also suffers from a heating sensation, indigestion, weakness, fatigue, and aversion to food. Jaundice is a diseases due to a profuse excess of pitta. It affects the intestines as well as the nerves, arteries, and the other passages carrying blood and the other fluids”.
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Vastushastra (architecture)Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama
Kamala (कमल) refers to “lotus (higher element of mahāpīṭha ) §§ 3.9; 5.11.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira
1) Kamala (कमल) refers to a “lotus”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If there should be both lunar and solar eclipses in one month, princes will suffer both from dissensions among their own army and from wars. [...] If the disc should appear black resembling the colour of the stem of dūrvā grass (Agrostis linearis) or yellow, there will be much death in the land. If of the colour of the flower pāṭali (Bignonia Suaveolenis) ‘trumpet flower’ there will be fear from lightning. If the eclipsed disc be of the colour of red dust, the Kṣatriyas will suffer and there will be no rain. If of the colour of the rising sun, of lotus [i.e., kamala], of the rainbow, there will be suffering from weapons”.
2) Kāmala (कामल) refers to “jaundice”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 9).—Accordingly, “If the course of Mercury should just precede that of Venus, and if Mercury should then have either disappeared or reappeared, there will be rain in the land; diseases and bilious jaundice [i.e., pittaja—rogān pittaja kāmalāṃśca] will afflict mankind; the crops of Grīṣma will flourish ; ascetics, persons who have performed sacrificial rites, physicians, dancers or wrestlers, horses, the Vaiśyas, cows, rulers in their chariots and all yellow objects will perish and the west will suffer”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
Kāmāla (jaundice) is a Sanskrit term used in Ayurveda.Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
1) Kamala: One of the ten Mahavidyas (a group of ten aspects of the Divine Mother Durga). From Kamala, Lord Buddha was incarnated.
2) Kamala is a common Hindu name, usually meaning Nelumbo nucifera, the lotus. Variants include Kamal and Kamla.Source: Academia.edu: Flowers of Consciousness in Tantric Texts
kamala/kamalam–(“pale-red, rose-colored”) lotus-frlower Nelumbium Speciosum;
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism
Kamala (कमल) is the name of Vidyārāja (i.e., “wisdom king”) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Kamala).
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections
Kamala (कमल) refers to a “lotus”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Alone [the living soul] who is very wise becomes a god [like] a bee on a lotus [like] the face of a woman [com.—strīmukha-kamala-bhramara—‘a bee on a lotus which is like the face of a woman’] . Alone, being cut by swords, he appropriates a hellish embryo. Alone the one who is ignorant, driven by the fire of anger, etc., does action. Alone [the living soul] enjoys the empire of knowledge in the avoidance of all mental blindness. [Thus ends the reflection on] solitariness”.
Synonyms: Ambhoja, Rājīva.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geographySource: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1
Kamala is one of the exogamous septs (divisions) among the Komatis (a trading caste of the Madras Presidency). Kamala refers to the plant Kamalam (white lotus). The Komatis are said to have originally lived, and still live in large numbers on the banks of the Godavari river. One of the local names thereof is Gomati or Gomti, and the Sanskrit Gomati would, in Telugu, become corrupted into Komati. The sub-divisions are split up into septs (viz., Kamala), which are of a strictly exogamous character.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Biology (plants and animals)Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)
1) Kamala in India is the name of a plant defined with Citrus reticulata in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Citrus reticulata var. austera Swingle (among others).
2) Kamala is also identified with Nymphaea lotus It has the synonym Castalia mystica Salisb. (etc.).
3) Kamala is also identified with Nymphaea rubra It has the synonym Nymphaea rubra Roxb. ex Salisb..
4) Kamala is also identified with Zanthoxylum nitidum It has the synonym Fagara nitida Roxb. (etc.).
Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):
· Revista Brasileira de Genética (1997)
· Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica (1957)
· Journal of Wuhan Botanical Research (1990)
· Plant Systematics and Evolution (1984)
· Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis (DC.) (1824)
· Flora Hainanica (1974)
If you are looking for specific details regarding Kamala, for example pregnancy safety, extract dosage, health benefits, chemical composition, side effects, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.
This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
kamala : (nt.) a lotus.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Kamala, (nt.) a lotus, frequent combined with kuvalaya; or with uppala J. I, 146; DA. I, 40, explained as vārikiñjakkha PvA. 77. 1. lotus, the lotus flower, Nelumbium J. I, 146; DA. I, 40; Mhbv 3; Sdhp. 325; VvA. 43, 181, 191; PvA. 23, 77;— At J. I, 119, 149 a better reading is obtained by corr. kambala to kamala, at J. I, 178 however kamb° should be retained. - 2. a kind of grass, of which sandals were made Vin. I. 190 (s. Vin. Texts II. 23 n.) — 3. f. kamalā a graceful woman J. V, 160;
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
kamala (कमल).—n (S) A lotus, Nymphæa (rubra &c.) Grah. 2 A lotus-form vessel or stand for an idol. 3 Added by poets to mukha or vadana, nētra or lōcana, kara or hasta, pāda or caraṇa, hṛt, nāmi &c. in eulogy of their form.
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kamalā (कमला).—f (S) pop. kamaḷā f A name of Lakshmi, and hence applied to an excellent woman.
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kamaḷa (कमळ).—n (kamala S) A lotus. 2 Lotus-form vessel or stand. 3 Applied descriptively to kēḷaphūla.
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kamāla (कमाल).—n ( A Perfection or completeness.) The highest revenue (of a village or tract); settled by measurement, not of its cultivation, but of its whole arable, including fallow, and by estimating the produce if all be cultivated up to its full power. Also kamāla tanakhā m in this sense. kamāla, retaining its Arabic sense of Completeness or Wholeness, forms in Revenue-matters numerous compounds: as kamālapatraka n or kamālajhāḍā m General roll or schedule of the totals of tanakhā, ragabā, kūḷa, ināma, mōjaṇī, vasūla, dara &c. kamāla- ragabā The lands (of a tālukā or a village) collectively. kamāla ināma-dara-mōjaṇī-vasūla-ṭhikēbandī- ākāra-lāvaṇī-vahīta-paḍīta-gāyarāna-haḍōḷā -&c. The original Inams collectively, the original or full assessment, survey, revenue &c. For kamāla in these compounds kamālī is sometimes used. 2 By persons conversant with Muhammadans kamāla, meaning Perfectness or fullness, is used without restriction: as kamāla daulata-nasība-kṛpā-mēharabānī- pīka-bharaṇā-bharatī-pūra-sastāī-laḍhāī-thaṇḍī-ūnha &c.: also without composition, as jarīmarīcēṃ ka0, daridrācēṃ ka0.
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kāmalā (कामला).—f S See the popular word kāmīṇa.
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kāmaḷa (कामळ).—f P A disease. See kamīṇa.
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kāmaḷā (कामळा).—See under kāmbaḷā.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
kamala (कमल) [-ḷa, -ळ].—n A lotus. A lotus form vessel or stand.
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kamāla (कमाल).—n The highest or maximum revenue assessed on land. Perfectness.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
-laḥ 1 The &Sārasa bird.
2) A kind of deer.
3) Name of Brahmā.
-lī A collection of lotuses.
1) A lotus; कमल- मनम्भसि कमले च कुवलये तानि कनकललतिकायाम् (kamala- manambhasi kamale ca kuvalaye tāni kanakalalatikāyām) K. P.1; so हस्त°, नेत्र°, चरण° (hasta°, netra°, caraṇa°), &c.
2) Water; N.1.13; सकमलं कमलम् (sakamalaṃ kamalam) Kirātārjunīya 5.25. कमलासन-कमलेक्षण-कमलारिकिरीट-कमलभृद्वाहैः (kamalāsana-kamalekṣaṇa-kamalārikirīṭa-kamalabhṛdvāhaiḥ) Subhās. (lakṣmīpraśaṃsā).
4) A medicament, drug.
5) The Sārasa bird.
6) The bladder, the right lobe of the lungs.
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1) An epithet of Lakṣmī.
2) An excellent woman.
3) An orange.
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Kāmala (कामल).—a. Lustful, libidinous.
-laḥ 1 The spring.
2) A desert.
3) Excessive obstruction of bile.
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Kāmalā (कामला).—the plantain tree.
Kāmalā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kāma and lā (ला).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Kamala (कमल).—(1) nt., a high number: Mahāvyutpatti 7775; 7904 (the latter cited from Gaṇḍavyūha); Gaṇḍavyūha 106.14 (see kamara); 133.24; (2) m., name of a mleccha king: (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 621.25.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-laṃ) 1. A lotus, (Nelumbium speciosum or Nymphæa nelumbo.) 2. Water. 3. Copper. 4. A medicament, a drug. 5. The bladder. m.
(-laḥ) A species of deer. f.
(-lā) 1. A name of Lakshmi. 2. An excellent woman. E. kam water, and ala what adorns, or kam to desire, with kalac aff.
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(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) Libidinous, cupidinous. mf.
(-laḥ-lā) A complaint, jaundice, excessive secretion or obstruction of bile. m.
(-laḥ) 1. Spring. 2. A dry and sterile soil. E. kāma desire, lā to bring, ḍa aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kamala (कमल).—[kam + ala], I. n. 1. A lotus, Nelumbium, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 32. 2. Water, [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 25. Ii. f. lā. 1. A name of Lakṣmī, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] i. p. xcv. 2. A proper name, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 4, 424.
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Kāmala (कामल).—I. (m. and) f. lā, A disease of the bile, [Suśruta] 1, 193, 15. Ii. f. lī, A proper name, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 1453.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kamala (कमल).—[masculine] [neuter] lotus-flower.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Kamala (कमल):—[from kam] a mfn. (Comm. on [Uṇādi-sūtra i, 106]) pale-red, rose-coloured, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā vii, 3, 18, 1]
2) [v.s. ...] (kamala), [Atharva-veda viii, 6, 9] (desirous, lustful, [Boehtlingk & Roth’s Sanskrit-Woerterbuch])
3) [v.s. ...] m. a species of deer, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) [v.s. ...] the Indian crane (Ardea Sibirica), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) [v.s. ...] Name of Brahmā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) [v.s. ...] of a pupil of Vaiśampāyana, [Kāśikā-vṛtti]
7) [v.s. ...] of an Asura, [Gaṇeśa-purāṇa]
8) [v.s. ...] (in mus.) a particular Dhruvaka (q.v.)
9) [v.s. ...] mn. a lotus, lotus-flower, Nelumbium, [Suśruta; Śakuntalā; Bhartṛhari] etc.
10) Kamalā (कमला):—[from kamala > kam] f. Name of Lakṣmi, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Sāhitya-darpaṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara]
11) [v.s. ...] wealth, prosperity, [Subhāṣitāvali]
12) [v.s. ...] Name of Dākṣyāyaṇī, [Matsya-purāṇa]
13) [v.s. ...] of one of the mothers in the retinue of Skanda, [Mahābhārata]
14) [v.s. ...] of the wife of Jayāpīḍa, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]
15) [v.s. ...] an excellent woman, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
16) [v.s. ...] an orange, [Tantrasāra]
17) [=kama-lā] [from kamala > kam] f. Name of one of the 10 Mahā-vidyās (q.v.).
18) Kamala (कमल):—[from kam] f(ī)n. Name of a metre (four times three short syllables)
19) [v.s. ...] n. a particular constellation, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhajjātaka]
20) [v.s. ...] water, [Kirātārjunīya v, 25]
21) [v.s. ...] copper, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
22) [v.s. ...] the bladder, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
23) [v.s. ...] a medicament, drug, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
24) [v.s. ...] Name of a town built by Kamalā, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]
25) [v.s. ...] a particular number, [Buddhist literature]
26) b See [column]1.
27) Kāmala (कामल):—[from kāma] mfn. libidinous, lustful, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
28) [v.s. ...] m. the spring, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
29) [v.s. ...] dry and sterile soil, desert, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
30) [v.s. ...] mf. a form of jaundice, [Suśruta; Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]
31) [v.s. ...] excessive secretion or obstruction of bile, [Horace H. Wilson]
32) Kāmalā (कामला):—[from kāmala > kāma] f. Name of an Apsaras, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Kamala (कमल):—(laṃ) 1. n. A lotus; water; copper; a drug; the bladder. m. A deer. (lā) f. Lakshmi; a fine or excellent woman.
2) Kāmala (कामल):—[(laḥ-lā-laṃ) a.] Lustful. 1. m. f. Jaundice. m. Spring.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
1) Kamala (कमल) [Also spelled kamal]:—(nm) a lotus flower and its plant; —[kakaḍī] the root of lotus; ~[gaṭṭā] the seed of lotus; ~[nāla] the lotus-stalk.
2) Kamāla (कमाल) [Also spelled kamal]:—(nm) a miracle, wonder; excellence; miraculous perfection; —[karanā] to work wonders, to perform a miracle.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
1) Kamala (कमल) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Kamala.
2) Kamala (कमल) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Kamala.
3) Kamalā (कमला) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Kamalā.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] any of various waterlilies of Nymphaeaceae family, a) the white lotus (Nymphaea lotus), b) the pink or white Asian lotus (Nelumbo nucifera), used as a religious symbol in Hinduism and Buddhism; c) blue lotus Nymphaea nouchali (= N. Pubescens) and their flowers.
2) [noun] water.
3) [noun] a ray of light.
4) [noun] the moon.
5) [noun] a kind of deer.
6) [noun] any plant organism of the group Lichenes, composed of a fungus and an alga in symbiotic association, usu. of green tint and growing on rocks, tree trunks, roofs, walls, etc.
7) [noun] (pros.) a meter having seven lettersin each foot.
8) [noun] (astrol.) a situation of condition that seven of nine planets being in four astrological houses.
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Kamaḷa (ಕಮಳ):—[noun] = ಕಮಲ [kamala].
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1) [noun] a person, thing or event that causes astonishment and admiration; marvel; wonder.
2) [noun] skill in designing and employing expedients; an ingenious expedient; a cunning trick; artifice.
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Kāmala (ಕಾಮಲ):—[adjective] inclined to lustfulness; wanton; lewd.
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Kāmala (ಕಾಮಲ):—[noun] = ಕಾಮಾಲೆ [kamale].
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+138): Kamala shravanakrishna, Kamala-hanu, Kamala-hanuu, Kamala-kamalada-huvu, Kamala-puja, Kamalabalanala, Kamalabalanalay, Kamalabalanalaya, Kamalabandhava, Kamalabha, Kamalabhakta, Kamalabhava, Kamalabhavana, Kamalabhavanda, Kamalabhaya, Kamalabhida, Kamalabhramara, Kamalabhrit, Kamalabhu, Kamalabija.
Ends with (+57): Ada kamala, Adakamala, Alokamala, Arunakamala, Ashtakamala, Asokamala, Atimuktakamala, Bhuikamala, Bhukamala, Campakamala, Caranakamala, Carcakamala, Champakamala, Charanakamala, Dhritakanakamala, Dhvastakamala, Dipakamala, Ekamala, Hakkamala, Hamsakamala.
Full-text (+331): Kumbhakamala, Indukamala, Arunakamala, Kamalasana, Raktakamala, Kamalakara, Karakamala, Kacakamala, Kamalabhakta, Kamalin, Kamalapati, Kamalanandana, Kamalatirtha, Kamalakeshava, Kamalachaya, Kamalavardhana, Kamalahatta, Kamalekshana, Kamalaksha, Kamalalaya.
Search found 71 books and stories containing Kamala, Kama-la, Kāma-lā, Kama-lā, Kāmāla, Kamalā, Kāmalā, Kamaḷa, Kamāla, Kāmaḷa, Kāmala, Kāmaḷā; (plurals include: Kamalas, las, lās, Kāmālas, Kamalās, Kāmalās, Kamaḷas, Kamālas, Kāmaḷas, Kāmalas, Kāmaḷās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 17 - Ten incarnations of Śiva < [Section 3 - Śatarudra-saṃhitā]
Chapter 11 - The mode of worshipping Śiva < [Section 2.1 - Rudra-saṃhitā (1): Sṛśṭi-khaṇḍa]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
Verse 1.3.47-48 < [Chapter 3 - Prapañcātīta (beyond the Material Plane)]
Verse 2.4.74 < [Chapter 4 - Vaikuṇṭha (the spiritual world)]
Verse 1.3.68-69 < [Chapter 3 - Prapañcātīta (beyond the Material Plane)]
The Agni Purana (by N. Gangadharan)
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 62 - Kamalā Ekādaśī < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
Chapter 11 - The Importance of Observing a Vow in Honour of Lakṣmī < [Section 4 - Brahma-khaṇḍa (Section on Brahman)]
One hundred and eight (108) names of Sāvitrī < [Section 1 - Sṛṣṭi-khaṇḍa (section on creation)]
Chaitanya Bhagavata (by Bhumipati Dāsa)
Verse 2.16.124 < [Chapter 16 - The Lord’s Acceptance of Śuklāmbara’s Rice]
Verse 2.18.126 < [Chapter 18 - Mahāprabhu’s Dancing as a Gopī]
Verse 2.23.281 < [Chapter 23 - Wandering about Navadvīpa On the Day the Lord Delivered the Kazi]
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
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