Bharani, Bharaṇī, Bharaṇi: 12 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Bharani means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jyotiṣa

Bharaṇī (भरणी):—Name for a particular section of the ecliptic. It is also known as Bharaṇīnakṣatra. Nakṣatra means “Lunar mansion” and corresponds to a specific region of the sky through which the moon passes each day. Bharaṇī means “the bearer” and is associated with the deity known as Yama (God of death). The presiding Lord of this lunar house is Śukra (Venus).

Indian zodiac: |13° 20'| – |26° 40' Meṣa|
Meṣa (मेष, ‘ram’) corresponds with Aries

Western zodiac: |9° 20'| – |22° 40' Taurus|
Taurus corresponds with Vṛṣabha (वृषभ, ‘bull’).

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Bharaṇī (भरणी).—One of the twentyseven constellations. Puṇya is assured if one gives as gift a cow to a brahmin on that day. (Śloka 35, Chapter 64, Anuśāsana Parva, Mahābhārata).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Bharaṇi (भरणि).—A nakṣatra: fit for performing śrāddha.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 18. 14; Vāyu-purāṇa 82. 14.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Bharaṇī (भरणी) refers to the second of twenty-seven constellations (ṛkṣa), according to the Mānasāra. Ṛkṣa is the third of the āyādiṣaḍvarga, or “six principles” that constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.

The particular nakṣatra, also known as ṛkṣa (e.g., bharaṇī) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). In the context of village planning and measurement, the text sates that among the stars (ṛkṣa), the ones that are pūrṇa (odd), are auspicious and the ones that are karṇa (even), inauspicious.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Apabharaṇīs, Bharaṇī (अश्विनी), or Bharaṇyas (‘the bearers’) is the name of the small triangle in the northern part of the Ram known as Musca or 35, 39, and 41 Arietis.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Bharaṇī (भरणी) refers to one of the various Nakṣatras mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Bharaṇī).

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Bharaṇī (भरणी) refers to the second of the 28 nakṣatras (“constellations”) of the zodiac, as commonly depicted in Buddhist Iconography, and mentioned in the 11th-century Niṣpannayogāvalī of Mahāpaṇḍita Abhayākara.—The nakṣatras are described collectively in the dharmadhātuvāgīśvara-maṇḍala of the Niṣpannayogāvalī. In this maṇḍala the nakṣatras are given one face and two arms, which are clasped against the chest in the añjalimudrā:—“the deities [viz., Bharaṇī] are decked in bejewelled jackets and they all show the añjali-mudrā”.—In colour, however, they differ. [viz., Bharaṇī is given the colour green].

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bharaṇī (भरणी).—f (Verbal of bharaṇēṃ) Filling up, in, into, on. See the verb. 2 Filling material,--earth, stones &c. for filling up.

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bharaṇī (भरणी).—f (S) The second of the twenty-seven lunar asterisms. 2 or bharaṇīśrāddha n Oblation to the manes of a defunct under this asterism in bhādrapada- vadya within the twelve month after his decease.

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bhāraṇī (भारणी).—f (Verbal of bhāraṇēṃ) Charming &c. lit. fig. 2 A formula to charm; a charm or spell. v ghāla, ṭāka.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bharaṇī (भरणी).—f Filling up. Filling material. The second of the twenty-seven lunar asterisms. Oblation to the manes of a defunct under this asterism in bhādrapada vadya within the twelve months after his decease.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bharaṇī (भरणी).—Name of the second constellation containing three stars.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bharaṇī (भरणी):—[from bharaṇa > bhara] a f. See below

2) Bharaṇi (भरणि):—[from bhara] mf. ([probably]) Name of a Nakṣatra (= bharaṇī), [Siddhānta-kaumudī]

3) Bharaṇī (भरणी):—[from bhara] b f. (of ṇa) Luffa Foetida or a similar plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] (also [plural]) Name of the 7th Nakṣatra (containing 3 stars and figured by the pudendum muliebre), [Atharva-veda]; etc.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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