Vishvavasu, Viśvāvasu, Viśvavasu: 18 definitions



Vishvavasu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Viśvāvasu and Viśvavasu can be transliterated into English as Visvavasu or Vishvavasu, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Viśvāvasu (विश्वावसु).—A leader of the Gandharvas, singers in the heavenly planets.

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Viśvāvasu (विश्वावसु) is the thirty-ninth of sixty years (saṃvatsara) in the Vedic lunar calendar according to the Arcana-dīpikā by Vāmana Mahārāja (cf. Appendix).—Accordingl, There are sixty different names for each year in the Vedic lunar calendar, which begins on the new moon day (Amāvasyā) after the appearance day of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu (Gaura-pūrṇimā), in February or March. The Vedic year [viz., Viśvāvasu], therefore, does not correspond exactly with the Christian solar calendar year.

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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Vishvavasu in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Viśvavasu (विश्ववसु).—A brother of Paraśurāma, who had four brothers named Rumaṇvān, Suhotra, Vasu and Viśvavasu. (Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa, Chapter 58).

2) Viśvāvasu (विश्वावसु).—A Gandharva King. The following information about this King is taken from the Purāṇas.

2) (i) The father of this Devagandharva was Prajāpati Kaśyapa and his mother was Pradhā. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 25, Stanza 47).

2) (ii) Pramadvarā was born to Viśvāvasu by the celestial maid Menakā. (See under Pramadvarā).

2) (iii) Viśvāvasu was present at the Birth-festival of Arjuna. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 122, Stanza 22).

2) (iv) This Viśvāvasu learned from Soma, Cākṣuṣīvidyā (the art of seeing all) and taught Citraratha, a Gandharva the same art. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 169, Stanza 43).

2) (v) He was present at the Svayaṃvara (marriage) of Draupadī. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 186, Stanza 7).

2) (vi) Viśvāvasu stays in the palace of Indra glorifying him. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 7, Stanza 22).

2) (vii) It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 10, Stanza 25, that he stays in the palace of Kubera praising him.

2) (viii) This Gandharva recited a poem at the sacrifice performed by Jamadagni. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 90, Stanza 18).

2) (ix) Kabandha, the asura, who stopped Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa, was the changed form of Viśvāvasu by a curse (See under Kabandha).

2) (x) It was this Viśvāvasu who played the lute in the sacrifice performed by emperor Dilīpa. (Mahābhārata Droṇa Parva, Chapter 61, Stanza 7).

2) (xi) Once Viśvāvasu asked hermit Yājñavalkya twentyfour questions. When he got satisfactory answers, the Gandharva returned to heaven. (Mahābhārata Śānti Parva, Chapter 318, Stanza 26).

2) (xii) It was Viśvāvasu and some other Gandharvas who took away Urvaśī from Purūravas. (See under Purūravas).

2) (xiii) At the time of emperor Pṛthu, when the earth was milked, the thing the Gandharvas got were those befitting them, In the course of the milking Viśvāvasu stood as the calf. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 4).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Viśvāvasu (विश्वावसु).—A Gandharva got infatuated at the sight of Devahūti playing on the terrace of her house: served as calf for Gandharvas and Apsarasas to milk GandharvaMadhu from earth;1 praised Hīraṇyakaśipu, the over lord of all worlds: sang the glory of Indra defeating Namuci.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 20. 39; 22. 17; IV. 18. 17. Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 12. IV. 14. 4.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VII. 4. 14; VIII. 11. 41; XI. 16. 33.

1b) The Gandharva presiding over the month of Nabha;1 in the sun's chariot, with the sun in Āvaṇi and Puraṭṭāśi, (śarat season);2 in the sun's chariot during the month of Kārtika.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 11. 37; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 10; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 10. 9.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 10, 13; 62. 188.
  • 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 10. 12.

1c) A son of Krodhā and a Devagandharva.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 6. 39.

1d) A son of Purūravas and Ūrvaśī;1 the Gandharva who brought back Ūrvaśī to heaven from earth.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 66. 23; IV. 20. 48 and 101; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 7. 1.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 66. 16.

1e) A Sādhya.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 171. 43.

1f) A Vasu, a son of Dharma and Sudevī.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 171. 46.

1g) A Gandharva and the best of speakers; deprived Ūrvaśī and Purūravas of the two sheep.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 91. 16-22; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 9. 102; IV. 6. 51.

1h) A Gandharva;1 an expert in divine music.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 86.
  • 2) Ib. 69. 47.

1i) A class of musicians who sang the Sāma Veda.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 25.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Viśvāvasu (विश्वावसु) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.46, I.65) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Viśvāvasu) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Viśvāvasu (विश्वावसु) is the name of a Gandharva who fought with Viśruta: son of Vitihotra (Vītihotra?), according to the Vaṃśānucarita section of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, [...] On the way to Himālaya [king Viśruti] saw the famous Gandharva named Viśvāvasu who was adorned with a beautiful divine garland. On seeing that garland the king remembered Urvaśī and thought that she was alone fit to wear such type of garland. In order to attain the garland he had to fight with the Gandharva. Achieving that garland [from Viśvāvasu] he roamed throughout the earth in quest of Urvaśī but in vain. By the grace of Maheśvara he went to Mahāloka and there he met with Nāradamuni. He expressed that he was desirous of seeing Urvaśī. Nārada told that Urvaśī was near Mānasa Lake situated on the southern side of the Meru. Then immediately the king rushed to that place and offered the garland to her.

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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Viśvāvasu (विश्वावसु) refers to three ancient masters of music. They are to be worshipped in the gandharvamantra, during the ceremony called the ‘consecration of the mattavāraṇī’. According to the Nāṭyaśāstra 3.40-44 gods and demigods should be worshipped with offerings (e.g. different kinds of foodstuff ) and mantras.

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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Vishvavasu in Jyotisha glossary
Source: The effect of Samvatsaras: Satvargas

Viśvāvasu (विश्वावसु) refers to the thirty-ninth saṃvatsara (“jovian year)” in Vedic astrology.—The native whose birth has occurred in the ‘samvatsara’ of ‘vishvavasu’ is blessed with a virtuous wife and son, is excessively generous, has excellent conduct, excessive patience and endurance, likes sweet foods and is endowed with all the virtues.

According with Jataka Parijata, the person born in the year vishvavasu (2025-2026 AD) will have a high sense of honour, will be fond of the comic and will evince admiration for those who are rich in moral worth.

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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Vishvavasu in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Viśvāvasu (विश्वावसु) is the name of a king of the Siddhas (siddharāja) dwelling at the Malaya mountain (malayādri), according to the sixteenth story of the Vetālapañcaviṃśati in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 90. Accordingly, “... there he [Jīmūtavāhana] made him a retreat in the valley of a brook, the stream of which was hidden by sandalwood-trees, and spent his time in waiting on his parents. And there he made a friend of the name of Mitrāvasu, the son of Viśvāvasu, the King of the Siddhas, who dwelt on that mountain (Malaya)”.

The story of Viśvāvasu is mentioned in the Vetālapañcaviṃśati (twenty-five tales of a vetāla) which is embedded in the twelfth book of the Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’). The main book is a famous Sanskrit epic detailing the exploits of prince Naravāhanadatta in his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The Kathā-sarit-sāgara is is explained to be an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā which consisted of 100,000 verses and in turn forms part of an even larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Vishvavasu in Hinduism glossary
Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Vishvavasu is one of the prominent Gandharvas. Sometimes, he is referred to as their King (which is somewhat confusing, as Chitrasena, Tumburu and some others are also said to be their kings). He enjoyed close relations with many Apsaras, particularly Menaka, upon whom he begat the maiden Primadvara. Both parents took no interest in the child and abandoned her as an infant. She was found by a Rishi named Sthulakesa, who brought her up as his own daughter and married her to Ruru, the grandson of the sage Chyavana.

He is said to have mastered the art of illusions, the science called Chakshushi, which was communicated to him by Chandra, who obtained it from Manu. Vishvavasu in turn communicated this science to his friend Angaraparana, who taught it to Arjuna.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Vishvavasu in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Viśvāvasu (विश्वावसु) is the name of a gandharva god according to the Śvetāmbara tradition, while the Digambara does not recognize this. The gandharvas refer to a category of vyantaras gods which represents one of the four classes of celestial beings (devas). The gandharvas have a golden appearance according to the Digambaras and the Tumbaru tree is their caitya-vṛkṣa (sacred-tree). They have a blackish complexion and are beautiful in appearance, have excellent physiognomy, sweet voices and are adorned with crowns and neckalces according to the Śvetāmbaras.

The deities such as Viśvāvasu are defined in ancient Jain cosmological texts such as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapaṇṇati by Yativṛṣabha (5th century) in the Digambara tradition.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vishvavasu in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Viśvāvasu (विश्वावसु).—Name of a Gandharva; Bhāg.7.4.14.

Derivable forms: viśvāvasuḥ (विश्वावसुः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viśvāvasu (विश्वावसु).—m.

(-suḥ) One of the Gand'harbas or celestial singers. f.

(-suḥ) A particular night.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viśvāvasu (विश्वावसु).—i. e. viśva-vasu, m. 1. One of the Manus. 2. One of the Gandharvas, [Indralokāgamana] 2, 18.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viśvāvasu (विश्वावसु).—[adjective] blessing all (Viṣṇu); [masculine] [Name] of a Gandharva, a son of Purūravas, etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Viśvavasu (विश्ववसु):—[=viśva-vasu] [from viśva] m. ‘wealth of all’, Name of a son of Purū-ravas, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary] (cf. viśvā-vasu).

2) Viśvāvasu (विश्वावसु):—[=viśvā-vasu] [from viśvā > viśva] mfn. (viśvā-) beneficent to all (said of Viṣṇu), [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a Gandharva (regarded as the author of the hymn, [Ṛg-veda x, 139]), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] of a Sādhya, [Harivaṃśa]

5) [v.s. ...] of a Marut-vat, [ib.]

6) [v.s. ...] of a son of Purū-ravas (said to be one of the Viśve Devāḥ), [ib.; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] of a prince of the Siddhas, [Kathāsaritsāgara; Nāgānanda]

8) [v.s. ...] of a son of Jamad-agni, [Mahābhārata]

9) [v.s. ...] of one of the Manus, [Uṇādi-sūtra [Scholiast or Commentator]]

10) [v.s. ...] of a poet, [Catalogue(s)]

11) [v.s. ...] of the 39th year in Jupiter’s cycle of 60 years, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

12) [v.s. ...] of the 7th Muhūrta, [Atharva-veda; Jyotiṣa]

13) [v.s. ...] f. night, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) [v.s. ...] Name of a [particular] night, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viśvāvasu (विश्वावसु):—(suḥ) 2. m. One of the gandharbas or celestial singers. f. A particular night.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Viśvāvasu (विश्वावसु):—(viśva + vasu) [Prātiśākhya zur Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 3, 100.] [Prātiśākha zum Atharvaveda 3, 9.] [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 3, 128.]

1) adj. Allen wohlthuend: Viṣṇu [Mahābhārata 6, 2944.] —

2) m. Nomen proprium a) eines Gandharva (Devagandharva) [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 289.] Schol. zu [183.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 4,332. fg.] [Ṛgveda 10,85,21. fg. 139,4. 5.] [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 2,2,4. 14,2,35.] [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 2,3.] [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 6,1,6,5. 11,5.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 3,2,4,2. 14,9,4,18.] [Pañcaviṃśabrāhmaṇa 6,9,22.] [ĀŚV. GṚHY.] [PARIŚ. 1,25.] Liedverfasser von [Ṛgveda 10,139.] - [Mahābhārata 1,943. 2555. 4814. 6478. 7011.3,1773. 8389. 11080 (S. 572). 12048. 16086. 13,1050.] [Harivaṃśa 11248. 12474.] [Rāmāyaṇa 2,91,16 (100,14 Gorresio).] [Kumārasaṃbhava 7,48.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3,20,39. 22,17.4,18,17.7,4,14.8,11,41.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 21,28.] [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 1050.] [Oxforder Handschriften 150,a, No. 319. 251,a,44.] — b) eines Sādhya [Harivaṃśa 11536.] — c) eines Marutvant [Harivaṃśa 11546.] — d) eines zu den Viśve Devāḥ gezählten göttlichen Wesens [Harivaṃśa 11543.] eines Sohnes des Purūravas (gehört zu den Viśve Devāḥ) [Viṣṇupurāṇa 398]; vgl. viśvāyu . — e) eines Fürsten der Siddha [Kathāsaritsāgara 22, 47. 167. 48, 69. 90, 39. 50.] [NĀGĀN. 23, 16.] — f) eines Manu [UJJVAL.] zu [Uṇādisūtra 1, 11.] — g) eines Dichters [Oxforder Handschriften 150,b, No. 320.] —

3) m. N. des 39ten Jahres im 60jährigen Jupitercyclus [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S.8,41.] [Oxforder Handschriften 332,a,2.] —

4) f. Nacht [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] — Vgl. vaiśvāvasavya .

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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