Vipula, aka: Vipulā; 14 Definition(s)

Introduction

Vipula means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Vipula (विपुल) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Vipula) various roles suitable to them.

2a) Vipulā (विपुला) refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. Vipulā falls in the Anuṣṭup (Anuṣṭubh) class of chandas (rhythm-type), which implies that verses constructed with this metre have four pādas (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’) containing eighteen syllables each.

2b) Vipulā (विपुला) refers to a type of āryā syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. The Vipulā variation is one amongst five types of āryā-meters.

2c) Vipulā (विपुला) refers to one of the varieties of the catuṣpadā type of song, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 31. It is also known as Pṛthulā. Accordingly, “the song which consists mostly of long and prolated syllables, and includes short sentences and words, and observes successively three different tempos, is called pṛthulā in connection with the practice of delicate dance”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana

Vipula in Purana glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Vipula (विपुल) is the name of a mountain on the eastern side of mount Meru, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 75. Meru is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, which is ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being. On the peak of mount Vipula stands a Aśvatta tree hosting various devas, asuras and apsaras. The lake in this direction is called Asitoda around which are situated thirteen mountains.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1) Vipula (विपुल).—Brother of Balabhadrarāma. The sons born to Vasudeva by Rohiṇī were Balabhadrarāma, Gada, Sāraṇa, Durdama, Vipula, Dhruva and Kṛta. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 10). (See full article at Story of Vipula from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Vipula (विपुल).—A mountain near Girivraja, the capital city of Magadha. Mention is made about this mountain in Mahābhārata, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 21, Stanza 2.

3) Vipula (विपुल).—A hermit who was born in the dynasty of Bhṛgu. There is a story showing how this hermit protected the wife of his teacher from Indra while he was the disciple of the hermit Devaśarmā, in Mahābhārata, Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 40. The story is given below: Ruci, the wife of the hermit Devaśarmā, was extremely beautiful. Devaśarmā was aware of the fact that Indra had often looked at his wife with covetous eyes. He had to perform a sacrifice. But he feared that if he went away from the hermitage his wife would be carried away by Indra. At last he called his beloved disciple Vipula and revealed the secret to him. The teacher told his disciple that Indra was a libertine as well as a magician and that he would appear in various forms to entice Ruci, and asked him to protect Ruci even at the cost of his life. Then Devaśarmā left the hermitage for the sacrifice.

Vipula followed the wife of his teacher, wherever she went. He feared that Indra might come even unseen by anybody. So he decided to get inside Ruci by supernatural powers of Yoga. He made Ruci to sit in front of him and stare into his eyes and through the rays of her eyes he entered inside her.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Vipula (विपुल).—A son of Vasudeva and Rohiṇī.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 46.

1b) A mountain sacred to Vipulā; a Viṣkambhaparvata,1 to the west of Ilāvṛta.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 13. 36; Vāyu-purāṇa 35. 16.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 2. 18.

1c) A son of Maṇivara.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 159.

2a) Vipulā (विपुला).—The Goddess enshrined at Vipula.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 36.

2b) The sabhā of Kubera; description of; here is Puṣpaka, the Vimāna; around are the ten cities of the Gandharvas in the east, thirty cities of the Yakṣas in the west, and a hundred cities of the Kinnaras in the south.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 41. 5-11, 20, 24, 27-8.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

1) Vipulā (विपुला) is a type of mātrāvṛtta (quantitative verse) described in the Vaktraprakaraṇa section of the second chapter of Kedārabhaṭṭa’s Vṛttaratnākara. The Vṛttaratnākara is considered as most popular work in Sanskrit prosody, because of its rich and number of commentaries. Kedārabhaṭṭa (C. 950-1050 C.E.) was a celebrated author in Sanskrit prosody.

2) Vipulā (विपुला) refers to one of the thirty mātrāvṛtta (quantitative verse) mentioned in the 331st chapter of the Agnipurāṇa. The Agnipurāṇa deals with various subjects viz. literature, poetics, grammar, architecture in its 383 chapters and deals with the entire science of prosody (eg., the vipulā metre) in 8 chapters (328-335) in 101 verses in total.

Vipulā also refers to one of the eighteen viṣama-varṇavṛtta (irregular syllabo-quantitative verse) mentioned in the 332nd chapter of the Agnipurāṇa.

3) Vipulā (विपुला) refers to one of the thirty-four mātrāvṛtta (quantitative verse) mentioned in the Garuḍapurāṇa. The Garuḍapurāṇa says that if the foot ends after the first three gaṇas in each half, is known as vipulā.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

3) Mother of Revata Buddha. J.i.35; Bu.vi.6.

1) A khattiya, father of Revata Buddha. J.i.35; Bu.vi.16.

2) One of the five peaks near Rajagaha, the highest of them. See Vepulla. S.i.67; J.vi.518; Mil.242.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Vipula (विपुल) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Vipula] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Vipula (विपुल) is the name of a mountain where Mahāvīra’s disciples attained God-hood during his 12th Year as Kevalī.—From Kauśāmbī the Lord reached Rājagṛha and stayed at Guṇaśīla caitya. The Lord’s monsoon stay of the year was at Rājagṛha. In that same year his disciples, ‘Vehāsa’ and ‘Abhaya’ became gods after their fast unto death on Vipula Mountain.

Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Vipula (विपुल).—Rajgir Stone Image inscription records the name of Vipula, which is one of the five hills of Rajgir. Vipula is associated here as well as in Jaina tradition with the king Śreṇika. The Mahābhārata also mentions this hill, while enumerating the five hills at Rājagṛha. At one place in the Saṃyutta-nikāya, it is declared to be the best of the Rājagṛha hills. At another place in the same work, it is described as a massive hill. The hill stands on the north-eastern side of the hotsprings and to the north of Gijjhakūṭa inscription contains a reference to two rivers Suvarṇasiktā and Palāśinī of this mountain. The mountain is identical with Girnar hill, about a mile to the cast of the town Junagarh.

Source: archive.org: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Vipula in Pali glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

vipula : (adj.) extensive; great; large.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Vipula, (adj.) (cp. Sk. vipula) large, extensive, great, abundant. The word is poetical.—D. III, 150; A. I, 45 (°paññatā); Sn. 41, 675, 687, 978, 994; Th. 1, 588; Nd1 581 (=adhimatta); Vv 676 (=mahanta VvA. 290); Ap 40; Pv. II, 118; II, 49; II, 969 (=ulāra PvA. 139); Miln. 164, 311, 404; PvA. 7, 76; Sdhp. 271. (Page 627)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

vipula (विपुल).—a (S) pop. vipuḷa a Many, much, abundant.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vipula (विपुल) [-ḷa, -ळ].—a Many, abundant.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vipula (विपुल).—a.

1) Large, extensive, capacious, broad, wide, spacious; विपुलं नितम्बदेशे (vipulaṃ nitambadeśe) M.3.7; शिरसि तनुर्विपुलश्च मध्यदेशे (śirasi tanurvipulaśca madhyadeśe) Mk.3.22; कालो ह्ययं निरवधिर्विपुला च पृथ्वी (kālo hyayaṃ niravadhirvipulā ca pṛthvī) Māl. 1.6; क्वचिद् द्वीपाकारः पुलिनविपुलैर्भोगनिवहैः (kvacid dvīpākāraḥ pulinavipulairbhoganivahaiḥ) Nāg.5.26; so विपुलं पृष्ठम्, विपुलः कुक्षिः (vipulaṃ pṛṣṭham, vipulaḥ kukṣiḥ) &c.

2) Much, ample, copious, abundant; तपसा तथा न मुदमस्य ययौ भगवान् यथा विपुलसत्त्वतया (tapasā tathā na mudamasya yayau bhagavān yathā vipulasattvatayā) Ki.18.14.

3) Deep, profound; विपुलार्था च भारती (vipulārthā ca bhāratī) Mv. 1.2.

4) With the hair standing on end, thrilling; विपुलेन निपीड्य निर्दयं मुदमायातु नितान्तमुन्मनाः (vipulena nipīḍya nirdayaṃ mudamāyātu nitāntamunmanāḥ) Śi.16.3 (where it has sense 1 also).

-laḥ 1 Name of the mountain Meru.

2) Of Himālaya.

3) A respectable man.

--- OR ---

Vipulā (विपुला).—The earth.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 58 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Ravipula
Ravipulā (रविपुला).—Name of metre.Ravipulā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ra an...
Vipulamati
Vipulamati (विपुलमति).—a. endowed with great talents or understanding. Vipulamati is a Sanskrit...
Vipula Sutta
Vipula, (adj.) (cp. Sk. vipula) large, extensive, great, abundant. The word is poetical.—D. III...
Mahavipula
Mahāvipulā (महाविपुला).—a kind of metre. Mahāvipulā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the te...
Vipularasa
Vipularasa (विपुलरस).—the sugar-cane.Derivable forms: vipularasaḥ (विपुलरसः).Vipularasa is a Sa...
Vipulabuddhi
Vipulabuddhi (विपुलबुद्धि).—a. endowed with great talents or understanding. Vipulabuddhi is a S...
Vipulachaya
Vipulachāya (विपुलछाय).—a. shady, umbrageous. Vipulachāya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of ...
Antyavipula
Antyavipulā (अन्त्यविपुला).—Name of a metre.Antyavipulā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of th...
Vipulajaghana
Vipulajaghanā (विपुलजघना).—a woman with large hips. Vipulajaghanā is a Sanskrit compound consis...
Adivipula
Ādivipulā (आदिविपुला).—f. Name of an Āryā metre. Ādivipulā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of...
Rephavipula
Rephavipulā (रेफविपुला).—a kind of metre. Rephavipulā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the ...
Ubhayavipula
Ubhayavipulā (उभयविपुला).—f. N. f a metre. Ubhayavipulā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of th...
Vipulaprajna
Vipulaprajñā (विपुलप्रज्ञा).—a. endowed with great talents or understanding. Vipulaprajñā is a ...
Jaghanavipula
Jaghanavipulā (जघनविपुला).—1) a woman having stout hips. 2) Name of a metre.Jaghanavipulā is a ...
Vipulagriva
Vipulagrīva (विपुलग्रीव).—a. long-necked. Vipulagrīva is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the ...

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