Vipula, aka: Vipulā; 13 Definition(s)


Vipula means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Vipula (विपुल) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Vipula) various roles suitable to them.

2a) Vipulā (विपुला) refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. Vipulā falls in the Anuṣṭup (Anuṣṭubh) class of chandas (rhythm-type), which implies that verses constructed with this metre have four pādas (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’) containing eighteen syllables each.

2b) Vipulā (विपुला) refers to a type of āryā syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. The Vipulā variation is one amongst five types of āryā-meters.

2c) Vipulā (विपुला) refers to one of the varieties of the catuṣpadā type of song, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 31. It is also known as Pṛthulā. Accordingly, “the song which consists mostly of long and prolated syllables, and includes short sentences and words, and observes successively three different tempos, is called pṛthulā in connection with the practice of delicate dance”.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
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Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).


Vipula (विपुल) is the name of a mountain on the eastern side of mount Meru, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 75. Meru is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, which is ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being. On the peak of mount Vipula stands a Aśvatta tree hosting various devas, asuras and apsaras. The lake in this direction is called Asitoda around which are situated thirteen mountains.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1a) Vipula (विपुल).—A son of Vasudeva and Rohiṇī.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 46.

1b) A mountain sacred to Vipulā; a Viṣkambhaparvata,1 to the west of Ilāvṛta.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 13. 36; Vāyu-purāṇa 35. 16.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 2. 18.

1c) A son of Maṇivara.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 159.

2a) Vipulā (विपुला).—The Goddess enshrined at Vipula.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 36.

2b) The sabhā of Kubera; description of; here is Puṣpaka, the Vimāna; around are the ten cities of the Gandharvas in the east, thirty cities of the Yakṣas in the west, and a hundred cities of the Kinnaras in the south.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 41. 5-11, 20, 24, 27-8.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

1) Vipulā (विपुला) is a type of mātrāvṛtta (quantitative verse) described in the Vaktraprakaraṇa section of the second chapter of Kedārabhaṭṭa’s Vṛttaratnākara. The Vṛttaratnākara is considered as most popular work in Sanskrit prosody, because of its rich and number of commentaries. Kedārabhaṭṭa (C. 950-1050 C.E.) was a celebrated author in Sanskrit prosody.

2) Vipulā (विपुला) refers to one of the thirty mātrāvṛtta (quantitative verse) mentioned in the 331st chapter of the Agnipurāṇa. The Agnipurāṇa deals with various subjects viz. literature, poetics, grammar, architecture in its 383 chapters and deals with the entire science of prosody (eg., the vipulā metre) in 8 chapters (328-335) in 101 verses in total.

Vipulā also refers to one of the eighteen viṣama-varṇavṛtta (irregular syllabo-quantitative verse) mentioned in the 332nd chapter of the Agnipurāṇa.

3) Vipulā (विपुला) refers to one of the thirty-four mātrāvṛtta (quantitative verse) mentioned in the Garuḍapurāṇa. The Garuḍapurāṇa says that if the foot ends after the first three gaṇas in each half, is known as vipulā.

(Source): Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

3) Mother of Revata Buddha. J.i.35;

1) A khattiya, father of Revata Buddha. J.i.35;

2) One of the five peaks near Rajagaha, the highest of them. See Vepulla. S.i.67;; Mil.242.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).


vipula : (adj.) extensive; great; large.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Vipula, (adj.) (cp. Sk. vipula) large, extensive, great, abundant. The word is poetical.—D. III, 150; A. I, 45 (°paññatā); Sn. 41, 675, 687, 978, 994; Th. 1, 588; Nd1 581 (=adhimatta); Vv 676 (=mahanta VvA. 290); Ap 40; Pv. II, 118; II, 49; II, 969 (=ulāra PvA. 139); Miln. 164, 311, 404; PvA. 7, 76; Sdhp. 271. (Page 627)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Vipula (विपुल) is the name of a mountain where Mahāvīra’s disciples attained God-hood during his 12th Year as Kevalī.—From Kauśāmbī the Lord reached Rājagṛha and stayed at Guṇaśīla caitya. The Lord’s monsoon stay of the year was at Rājagṛha. In that same year his disciples, ‘Vehāsa’ and ‘Abhaya’ became gods after their fast unto death on Vipula Mountain.

(Source): HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

India history and geogprahy

Vipula (विपुल).—Rajgir Stone Image inscription records the name of Vipula, which is one of the five hills of Rajgir. Vipula is associated here as well as in Jaina tradition with the king Śreṇika. The Mahābhārata also mentions this hill, while enumerating the five hills at Rājagṛha. At one place in the Saṃyutta-nikāya, it is declared to be the best of the Rājagṛha hills. At another place in the same work, it is described as a massive hill. The hill stands on the north-eastern side of the hotsprings and to the north of Gijjhakūṭa inscription contains a reference to two rivers Suvarṇasiktā and Palāśinī of this mountain. The mountain is identical with Girnar hill, about a mile to the cast of the town Junagarh.

(Source): Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

vipula (विपुल).—a (S) pop. vipuḷa a Many, much, abundant.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vipula (विपुल).—a.

1) Large, extensive, capacious, broad, wide, spacious; विपुलं नितम्बदेशे (vipulaṃ nitambadeśe) M.3.7; शिरसि तनुर्विपुलश्च मध्यदेशे (śirasi tanurvipulaśca madhyadeśe) Mk.3.22; कालो ह्ययं निरवधिर्विपुला च पृथ्वी (kālo hyayaṃ niravadhirvipulā ca pṛthvī) Māl. 1.6; क्वचिद् द्वीपाकारः पुलिनविपुलैर्भोगनिवहैः (kvacid dvīpākāraḥ pulinavipulairbhoganivahaiḥ) Nāg.5.26; so विपुलं पृष्ठम्, विपुलः कुक्षिः (vipulaṃ pṛṣṭham, vipulaḥ kukṣiḥ) &c.

2) Much, ample, copious, abundant; तपसा तथा न मुदमस्य ययौ भगवान् यथा विपुलसत्त्वतया (tapasā tathā na mudamasya yayau bhagavān yathā vipulasattvatayā) Ki.18.14.

3) Deep, profound; विपुलार्था च भारती (vipulārthā ca bhāratī) Mv. 1.2.

4) With the hair standing on end, thrilling; विपुलेन निपीड्य निर्दयं मुदमायातु नितान्तमुन्मनाः (vipulena nipīḍya nirdayaṃ mudamāyātu nitāntamunmanāḥ) Śi.16.3 (where it has sense 1 also).

-laḥ 1 Name of the mountain Meru.

2) Of Himālaya.

3) A respectable man.

--- OR ---

Vipulā (विपुला).—The earth.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Relevant definitions

Search found 49 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Vipula Sutta
Vipula, (adj.) (cp. Sk. vipula) large, extensive, great, abundant. The word is poetical.—D. III...
1) Ravipulā (रविपुला) is a type of mātrāvṛtta (quantitative verse) described in the Vaktrapraka...
Ubhayavipulā (उभयविपुला).—f. N. f a metre. Ubhayavipulā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of th...
Mahāvipulā (महाविपुला).—a kind of metre. Mahāvipulā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the te...
Ādivipulā (आदिविपुला).—f. Name of an Āryā metre. Ādivipulā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of...
Vipulachāya (विपुलछाय).—a. shady, umbrageous. Vipulachāya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of ...
Vipulajaghanā (विपुलजघना).—a woman with large hips. Vipulajaghanā is a Sanskrit compound consis...
Vipulaprajñā (विपुलप्रज्ञा).—a. endowed with great talents or understanding. Vipulaprajñā is a ...
Vipulasundara (विपुलसुन्दर) refers to a variety of prāsāda (‘superstructure’, or, upper stor...
Vipulamati (विपुलमति, “complex”) refers to a category of knowledge obtained through telepathy (...
Yugmavipulā (युग्मविपुला) is a type of mātrāvṛtta (quantitative verse) described in the Vaktrap...
Bhavipulā (भविपुला) is a type of mātrāvṛtta (quantitative verse) described in the Vaktraprakara...
1) Navipulā (नविपुला) is a type of mātrāvṛtta (quantitative verse) described in the Vaktrapraka...
Vipulabhujā (विपुलभुजा) is the name of a meter belonging to the Paṅkti class of Dhruvā (songs) ...
Bhadra (भद्र) or Bhadratantra refers to one of the twenty-three Vāmatantras, belonging to the Ś...

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