Vipula, Vipulā: 23 definitions
Vipula means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Vipul.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
1) Vipula (विपुल) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Vipula) various roles suitable to them.
2a) Vipulā (विपुला) refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. Vipulā falls in the Anuṣṭup (Anuṣṭubh) class of chandas (rhythm-type), which implies that verses constructed with this metre have four pādas (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’) containing eighteen syllables each.
2c) Vipulā (विपुला) refers to one of the varieties of the catuṣpadā type of song, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 31. It is also known as Pṛthulā. Accordingly, “the song which consists mostly of long and prolated syllables, and includes short sentences and words, and observes successively three different tempos, is called pṛthulā in connection with the practice of delicate dance”.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa
Vipula (विपुल) is the name of a mountain on the eastern side of mount Meru, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 75. Meru is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, which is ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being. On the peak of mount Vipula stands a Aśvatta tree hosting various devas, asuras and apsaras. The lake in this direction is called Asitoda around which are situated thirteen mountains.Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Vipula (विपुल).—Brother of Balabhadrarāma. The sons born to Vasudeva by Rohiṇī were Balabhadrarāma, Gada, Sāraṇa, Durdama, Vipula, Dhruva and Kṛta. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 10). (See full article at Story of Vipula from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)
2) Vipula (विपुल).—A mountain near Girivraja, the capital city of Magadha. Mention is made about this mountain in Mahābhārata, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 21, Stanza 2.
3) Vipula (विपुल).—A hermit who was born in the dynasty of Bhṛgu. There is a story showing how this hermit protected the wife of his teacher from Indra while he was the disciple of the hermit Devaśarmā, in Mahābhārata, Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 40. The story is given below: Ruci, the wife of the hermit Devaśarmā, was extremely beautiful. Devaśarmā was aware of the fact that Indra had often looked at his wife with covetous eyes. He had to perform a sacrifice. But he feared that if he went away from the hermitage his wife would be carried away by Indra. At last he called his beloved disciple Vipula and revealed the secret to him. The teacher told his disciple that Indra was a libertine as well as a magician and that he would appear in various forms to entice Ruci, and asked him to protect Ruci even at the cost of his life. Then Devaśarmā left the hermitage for the sacrifice.
Vipula followed the wife of his teacher, wherever she went. He feared that Indra might come even unseen by anybody. So he decided to get inside Ruci by supernatural powers of Yoga. He made Ruci to sit in front of him and stare into his eyes and through the rays of her eyes he entered inside her.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Vipula (विपुल).—A son of Vasudeva and Rohiṇī.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 46.
1c) A son of Maṇivara.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 159.
2a) Vipulā (विपुला).—The Goddess enshrined at Vipula.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 36.
2b) The sabhā of Kubera; description of; here is Puṣpaka, the Vimāna; around are the ten cities of the Gandharvas in the east, thirty cities of the Yakṣas in the west, and a hundred cities of the Kinnaras in the south.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 41. 5-11, 20, 24, 27-8.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
1) Vipulā (विपुला) is a type of mātrāvṛtta (quantitative verse) described in the Vaktraprakaraṇa section of the second chapter of Kedārabhaṭṭa’s Vṛttaratnākara. The Vṛttaratnākara is considered as most popular work in Sanskrit prosody, because of its rich and number of commentaries. Kedārabhaṭṭa (C. 950-1050 C.E.) was a celebrated author in Sanskrit prosody.
2) Vipulā (विपुला) refers to one of the thirty mātrāvṛtta (quantitative verse) mentioned in the 331st chapter of the Agnipurāṇa. The Agnipurāṇa deals with various subjects viz. literature, poetics, grammar, architecture in its 383 chapters and deals with the entire science of prosody (e.g., the vipulā metre) in 8 chapters (328-335) in 101 verses in total.
Vipulā also refers to one of the eighteen viṣama-varṇavṛtta (irregular syllabo-quantitative verse) mentioned in the 332nd chapter of the Agnipurāṇa.
3) Vipulā (विपुला) refers to one of the thirty-four mātrāvṛtta (quantitative verse) mentioned in the Garuḍapurāṇa. The Garuḍapurāṇa says that if the foot ends after the first three gaṇas in each half, is known as vipulā.Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)
1) Vipulā (विपुला) refers to one of the three main types of Gāthā: one of the oldest Prakrit meters probably developed out of the epic Anuṣṭubh, as discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.—There are three main kinds of a Gāthā, i.e., Pathyā, Vipulā and Capalā. In a Pathyā, the end of a word must coincide with the yati after the 12th mātrā in both the halves, while in the Vipulā it does not so coincide in one of the two halves or in both. Vipulā is accordingly Mukhavipulā or Jaghanavipulā or Sarvavipulā according as the characteristic appears in the first or second or both the halves.
2) Vipulā (विपुला) is also the name of a antarasama-catuṣpadi metre (also known as Ardhasama).—Vipulā is made up of 9 ([IISISS]) and 13 (4, [IIS], [ISS]) mātrās in their odd and even lines respectively.
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
3) Mother of Revata Buddha. J.i.35; Bu.vi.6.
1) A khattiya, father of Revata Buddha. J.i.35; Bu.vi.16.
2) One of the five peaks near Rajagaha, the highest of them. See Vepulla. S.i.67; J.vi.518; Mil.242.
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Vipula (विपुल) refers to one of the two types of manaḥparaya-jñāna (“power to read other persons’ thoughts”), which itself represents one of the five types of “right-knowledge” (samyagjñāna), as mentioned in chapter 1.3 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
Accordingly, as mentioned in Ṛṣabha’s sermon:
“[...] mokṣa is attained by those who practice unceasingly the brilliant triad of knowledge, faith, and conduct. Among these, exact knowledge which comes from a summary or detailed study of the principles, jīva, etc., is called ‘right-knowledge’ (samyagjñāna). [...] Manaḥparyaya is twofold: Ṛju and Vipula. The distinction between them may be understood to lie in purity and not being lost”.
Note: Vipula perceives the finest details of mental processes, and its possessor never loses it.Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
Vipula (विपुल) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Vipula] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra
Vipula (विपुल) is the name of a mountain where Mahāvīra’s disciples attained God-hood during his 12th Year as Kevalī.—From Kauśāmbī the Lord reached Rājagṛha and stayed at Guṇaśīla caitya. The Lord’s monsoon stay of the year was at Rājagṛha. In that same year his disciples, ‘Vehāsa’ and ‘Abhaya’ became gods after their fast unto death on Vipula Mountain.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geogprahySource: archive.org: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions
Vipula (विपुल).—Rajgir Stone Image inscription records the name of Vipula, which is one of the five hills of Rajgir. Vipula is associated here as well as in Jaina tradition with the king Śreṇika. The Mahābhārata also mentions this hill, while enumerating the five hills at Rājagṛha. At one place in the Saṃyutta-nikāya, it is declared to be the best of the Rājagṛha hills. At another place in the same work, it is described as a massive hill. The hill stands on the north-eastern side of the hotsprings and to the north of Gijjhakūṭa inscription contains a reference to two rivers Suvarṇasiktā and Palāśinī of this mountain. The mountain is identical with Girnar hill, about a mile to the cast of the town Junagarh.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
vipula : (adj.) extensive; great; large.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Vipula, (adj.) (cp. Sk. vipula) large, extensive, great, abundant. The word is poetical.—D. III, 150; A. I, 45 (°paññatā); Sn. 41, 675, 687, 978, 994; Th. 1, 588; Nd1 581 (=adhimatta); Vv 676 (=mahanta VvA. 290); Ap 40; Pv. II, 118; II, 49; II, 969 (=ulāra PvA. 139); Miln. 164, 311, 404; PvA. 7, 76; Sdhp. 271. (Page 627)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
vipula (विपुल).—a (S) pop. vipuḷa a Many, much, abundant.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
vipula (विपुल) [-ḷa, -ळ].—a Many, abundant.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Large, extensive, capacious, broad, wide, spacious; विपुलं नितम्बदेशे (vipulaṃ nitambadeśe) M.3.7; शिरसि तनुर्विपुलश्च मध्यदेशे (śirasi tanurvipulaśca madhyadeśe) Mk.3.22; कालो ह्ययं निरवधिर्विपुला च पृथ्वी (kālo hyayaṃ niravadhirvipulā ca pṛthvī) Māl. 1.6; क्वचिद् द्वीपाकारः पुलिनविपुलैर्भोगनिवहैः (kvacid dvīpākāraḥ pulinavipulairbhoganivahaiḥ) Nāg.5.26; so विपुलं पृष्ठम्, विपुलः कुक्षिः (vipulaṃ pṛṣṭham, vipulaḥ kukṣiḥ) &c.
2) Much, ample, copious, abundant; तपसा तथा न मुदमस्य ययौ भगवान् यथा विपुलसत्त्वतया (tapasā tathā na mudamasya yayau bhagavān yathā vipulasattvatayā) Ki.18.14.
3) Deep, profound; विपुलार्था च भारती (vipulārthā ca bhāratī) Mv. 1.2.
4) With the hair standing on end, thrilling; विपुलेन निपीड्य निर्दयं मुदमायातु नितान्तमुन्मनाः (vipulena nipīḍya nirdayaṃ mudamāyātu nitāntamunmanāḥ) Śi.16.3 (where it has sense 1 also).
-laḥ 1 Name of the mountain Meru.
2) Of Himālaya.
3) A respectable man.
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Vipulā (विपुला).—The earth.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Vipula (विपुल).—(1) adj. (like udagra, q.v., a near-synonym in Sanskrit), appears to be used (at least once) in the meaning re- joiced, very happy: prītī (? so both edd.; v.l. °tyā, °tya; perhaps read prītyā, instr.?) udagrā vipulā sma jātāḥ Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 214.4 (verse); Tibetan bdag cag (we) dgaḥ zhiṅ (being glad) mgu pa raṅs ba skyes (app. have become joyous and rejoiced), which points to this interpretation of vipulā; several mss. read [Page492-a+ 71] jātā, but against taking prītī as subject of jātā, and udagrā and vipulā as pred. adj., is the form sma (= smas), as well as the Tibetan; (2) (= Pali id.; also Vaipulya) name of a mountain near Rājagṛha: Mahā-Māyūrī 5; 101.
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Vipulā (विपुला).—name of a river: Mahā-Māyūrī 253.9. Not in [Boehtlingk and Roth], [Boehtlingk]; cited Kirfel, [Kosmographie der Inder], 68 from Mahābhārata Calcutta (see LV.) 6.321, which however seems to be wrong reading; Crit. ed. 6.10.13 seems right in reading bahulā.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) 1. Large, great. 2. Broad. 3. Deep, profound. m.
(-laḥ) 1. The mountain Meru, or rather the western branch of it. 2. The Himalaya mountain. 3. A respectable man. f.
(-lā) 1. The earth. 2. A form of the Arya metre in which the line is irregularly divided by the Cæsura or pause: three species of this form are reckoned; the Adi-vipula with the pause in the first line, Antyavipula in the second, and Ubhaya-vipula in both lines. E. vi before, pul to be large or lofty, aff. ka .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vipula (विपुल).— (cf. pul), I. adj., f. lā. 1. Large, great, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 18; v. [distich] 5; [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 91, 99; [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 54, 28. 2. Broad. 3. Deep. Ii. m. 1. The mountain Meru. 2. The Himālaya mountain. 3. A respectable man. Iii. f. lā, The earth.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vipula (विपुल).—[adjective] large, wide, broad, thick, long, strong, intensive, important, numerous, much, many, loud. [feminine] ā [Name] of a metre.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Vipula (विपुल):—[=vi-pula] [from vi] a See sub voce
2) [=vi-pula] b mf(ā)n. ([probably] [from] pula = pura; cf. under √pul) large, extensive, wide, great, thick, long (also of time), abundant, numerous, important, loud (as a noise), noble (as a race), [Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra; Mahābhārata] etc.
3) [v.s. ...] m. a respectable man, [Horace H. Wilson]
4) [v.s. ...] Name of a prince of the Sauvīras, [Mahābhārata]
5) [v.s. ...] of a pupil of Deva-śarman (who guarded the virtue of Ruci, his preceptor’s wife, when tempted by Indra during her husband’s absence), [Mahābhārata]
6) [v.s. ...] of a son of Vasu-deva, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
7) [v.s. ...] of a mountain (either Meru or the Himālaya), [Purāṇa]
8) Vipulā (विपुला):—[=vi-pulā] [from vi-pula] f. the earth, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
9) [v.s. ...] a form of the Āryā metre (in which the caesura is irregular; divided into 3 species, Ādi-, Antya-, and Ubhaya-vipulā), [Colebrooke]
10) [v.s. ...] (in music) a kind of measure, [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha]
11) Vipula (विपुल):—[=vi-pula] n. a sort of building, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+20): Vipula Sutta, Vipulabhasa, Vipulabhuja, Vipulabuddhi, Vipulacchaya, Vipulachaya, Vipulachhaya, Vipuladharmadhimuktisambhavateja, Vipuladharmadhimuktisambhavatejas, Vipuladhimuktisambhavatejas, Vipuladravya, Vipulagriva, Vipulagunajyotihprabha, Vipulahridaya, Vipulajaghana, Vipulaka, Vipulakirti, Vipulamahajnanarashmiraja, Vipulamati, Vipulaparshva.
Ends with (+2): Adivipula, Akashadhatuvipula, Antyavipula, Avipula, Bhavipula, Jaghanavipula, Mahavipula, Makaravipula, Mavipula, Mukhavipula, Nakaravipula, Natilaghuvipula, Navipula, Ravipula, Rephavipula, Sakaravipula, Sarvavipula, Suvipula, Takaravipula, Tavipula.
Full-text (+96): Vipularasa, Antyavipula, Vipulata, Vipulamati, Jaghanavipula, Vipulagriva, Vipulajaghana, Vipulaprajna, Vipulavrata, Vipulabuddhi, Vipulekshana, Ravipula, Avipula, Mukhavipula, Ubhayavipula, Adivipula, Yugmavipula, Mahavipula, Rephavipula, Vipuladravya.
Search found 29 books and stories containing Vipula, Vi-pula, Vi-pulā, Vipulā; (plurals include: Vipulas, pulas, pulās, Vipulās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Great Chronicle of Buddhas (by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw)
Buddha Chronicle 5: Revata Buddhavaṃsa < [Chapter 9 - The chronicle of twenty-four Buddhas]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 1: Introduction (king Janaka, son of Vāsavaketu and Vipulā) < [Chapter IV - The, birth, marriage, and retreat to the forest of Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa]
Part 35: Story of the Brāhman converts < [Chapter III - The initiation and omniscience of Ajita]
Part 14: Ṛṣabha’s sermon < [Chapter III]
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
One hundred and eight (108) names of Sāvitrī < [Section 1 - Sṛṣṭi-khaṇḍa (section on creation)]
Chapter 105 - Nahuṣa is Born < [Section 2 - Bhūmi-khaṇḍa (section on the earth)]
Chapter 133 - The Holy Places in Jambūdvipa < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
The backdrop of the Srikanthacarita and the Mankhakosa (by Dhrubajit Sarma)
Part 4b - Chandas (2): Jāti type of metre (mātrāchandas) < [Chapter III - Literary Assessment Of The Śrīkaṇṭhacarita]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)