The Padma Purana

by N.A. Deshpande | 1951 | ISBN-10: 8120838297 | ISBN-13: 9788120838291

This page describes one hundred and eight (108) names of savitri of the English translation of the Padma Purana, one of the largest Mahapuranas, detailling ancient Indian society, traditions, geography, as well as religious pilgrimages (yatra) to sacred places (tirthas). This is the of the Srishti-khanda (section on creation) of the Padma Purana, which contains six books total consisting of at least 50,000 Sanskrit metrical verses.

One hundred and eight (108) names of Sāvitrī

Note: the following text is extracted from the Padma-Purāṇa verses 1.17.180-215: “... Having said this much, she (going) from that place and having climbed up a mountain, remained there. Remaining in front of her with great devotion, Viṣṇu, joining his hands and having bent down, eulogised her”.

(Viṣṇu said:) You, all wonderful, are everywhere, and are to be seen in all beings. Whatever is good or bad, is not to be seen without you; yet, I shall hereafter tell you in which places you should be seen by those who are desirous of success and remembered by those desirous of (having) land. You will be remembered (or called) Sāvitrī at the sacred place called Puṣkara, the preeminent and auspicious (sacred place) among all the sacred places.[1]

(You will be known as)

1. Viśālākṣī at Vārāṇasī;
2. Liṅgadhāriṇī at Naimiṣa;
3. Lalitā Devī at Prayāga;
4. Kāmukā at Gandhamādana;
5. Kumudā at Mānasa;
6. Viśvakāyā at Ambara;
7. Gomatī at Gomanta;
8. Kāmacāriṇī at Mandara;
9. Madotkaṭā at Caitraratha;
10. Jayantī at Hastināpura;
11. Gaurī at Kānyakubja;
12. Rambhā on the Malaya mountain;
13. Kīrtimatī at Ekāmraka;
14. so also as Viśvā and Viśveśvarī;
15. Puruhastā at Karṇika;
16. Mārgadāyikā at Kedāra;
17. Nandā on the back (i.e. slope) of the Himālaya;
18. Bhadrakālikā at Gokarṇa;
19. Bhavānī at Sthāṇvīśvara;
20. Bilvapatrikā at Bilva;
21-23. Goddess Mādhavī, Bhadrā and Bhadreśvarī at Śrīśaila;
24. Jayā at Varāhaśaila;
25. Kamalā at Kamalālaya (literally abode of Kamalā);
26. Rudrāṇī at Rudrakoṭi;
27. Kāli at Kālañjara (mountain);
28. Kapilā at Mahāliṅga;
29. Maṅgalesvarī at Karkota;
30. Mahādevī at Śāligrāma;
31. Jalapriyā at Śivaliṅga;
32. Kumārī at Māyāpurī;
33. Lalitā at Santāna;
34. Utpalākṣī at Sahasrākṣa;
35. Mohotpalā at Hiraṇyākṣa;
36. will be called as Maṅgalā at Gayā;
37. Vimalā at Puruṣottama;
38. Amoghākṣī at Vipāśā;
39. Pāṭalā at Puṇyavardhana;
40. Nārāyaṇī at Supārśva;
41. Bhadrasundarī at Trikūṭa;
42. Vipulā at Vipula;
43. as Kalyāṇī on the Malaya mountain;
44. Koṭavī at the sacred place called Koṭavī;
45. Sugandhā in the Mādhavī forest;
46. Trisandhyā at Kubjāmraka;
47. Haripriyā at Gaṅgādvāra;
48. Śivanandā at Śivakuṇḍa;
49. Nandinī at Devikā-bank;
50. Rukmiṇī at Dvāravatī;
51. Rādhā at Vṛndāvana;
52. Devakī at Mathurā;
53. Parameśvarī at Pātāla;
54. Sīta at Citrakūṭa;
55. Vindhyavāsinī on the Vindhya (mountain);
56. Ekavīrā on the Sahya mountain;
57. Candrikā at Hariścandra;
58. Ramaṇā at Rāmatīrtha;
59. Mṛgāvatī in (the vicinity of the Yamunā river);
60. Mahālakṣmī at Karavīra;
61. Rumādevī at Vināyaka;
62. Arogā at Vaidyanātha;
63. Amṛtā in the Vindhya-cave;
64. Goddess Māṇḍavī at Māṇḍavya;
65. Svāhā at the city of Maheśvara;
66. and Pracaṇḍā at Vegala;
67. Caṇḍikā at Amarakaṇṭaka;
68. Varārohā at Someśvara;
69. Puṣkarāvatī at Prabhāsa;
70. Devamātā in the vicinity of Sarasvatī living on both her banks;
71. Mahāpadmā at Mahālaya;
72. Piṅgaleśvari in (the vicinity of) Payoṣṇī;
73. Siṃhikā at Kṛtaśauca;
74. Śaṅkarī at Kārtikeya;
75. Lolā at Utpalāvartaka;
76. Subhadrā at the confluence of Sindhu;
77. Umā at Siddhavana;
78. Lakṣmī (and) Anaṅgā at Bharatāśrama;
79. Viśvamukhā on the Jālandhara (mountain);
80. Tārā on the Kiṣkindha mountain;
81. Puṣṭi in Devadāruvana;
82. Medhā in the Kāśmīra region;
83. Goddess Bhīmā on the Himālaya mountain;
84. Tuṣṭi at Vastreśvara;
85. Śraddhā at Kapālamocana;
86. Mātā at Kāyāvarohaṇa;
87. Dhvani at Śaṃkhoddhāra;
88. Dhṛti at Piṇḍāraka;
89. Kālā in (the vicinity of) Candrabhāgā;
90. Siddhidāyinī at Acchoda;
91. Goddess Amṛtā in (the vicinity of) Veṇā;
92. Urvaśī at Badarī;
93. Auṣadhī in the Uttarakuru (region);
94. Kuśodakā in the Kuśadvīpa;
95. Manmathā at Hemakūṭa;
96. Satyavādinī at Kumuda;
97. Vandanīyā at Aśvattha;
98. Nidhi at the abode of Kubera;
99. Gāyatrī at the (time of the) recitation of the Vedas;
100. Pārvatī near Śiva;
101. Indrāṇī in the heaven;
102. Sarasvatī in the mouth of a brāhmaṇa;
103. Prabhā in the sun’s orb;
104. Vaiṣṇavī among the divine mothers[2];
105. Arundhatī among the chaste ladies;
106. Tilottamā among beautiful ladies;
107. Brahmakalā in picture;
108. Śakti (strength) in all the embodied ones.

I have enumerated these one hundred and eight of the names (of Sāvitrī); I have also told the names of the hundred and eight sacred places. He who mutters or hears these will be free from all sins. He, the best of men, who bathes in these sacred places and sees (Sāvitrī), will, being freed from all sins, live in the city of Brahmā for a Kalpa. A man who recites these hundred and eight names in the vicinity of Brahmā, on the full-moon or the new-moon day will have many sons. He, who listens to it at the time of offering a cow or a śrāddha or everyday at the time of offering worship to god(s), reaches supreme Brahman.

Footnotes and references:

[1]:

From this onwards various names of Sāvitrī are given.

[2]:

Mātṛs: These are divine mothers said to attend upon Śiva, but usually on Skanda. According to some they are eight: Brāhmī, Māheśvarī, Caṇḍī, Vārāhī, Vaiṣṇavī, Kaumarī, Cāmuṇḍā and Carcikā. Some say they are seven: Brāhmī, Māheśvarī, Kaumarī, Vaiṣṇavī, Māhendrī, Vārāhī and Cāmuṇḍā.

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