Viprayoga: 15 definitions


Viprayoga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Viprayog.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius (natya)

Viprayoga (विप्रयोग) refers to one of the three types of Śṛṅgāra-rasa (love-sentiment) according to Dhanañjaya (Daśarūpaka IV.50).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Viprayoga (विप्रयोग).—Use of a word against the warrant of experience, i.e. against what is actually seen; e. g. दृश्यते खल्वपि विप्रयोगः। तद्यथा । अक्षीणि मे दर्शनीयानि, पादा मे सुकुमारतराः (dṛśyate khalvapi viprayogaḥ| tadyathā | akṣīṇi me darśanīyāni, pādā me sukumāratarāḥ) M. Bh. on P.I.4.21 Vārt. 1.

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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Viprayoga in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Viprayoga (विप्रयोग) refers to one who suffers from the “pang of separation”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.17. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] being asked thus by my son Dakṣa, I spoke with a smile thereby delighting Dakṣa, the lord of the subjects: ‘[...] He [Śiva] asks His attendants “where is Satī?”, as He suffers from the pang of separation (viprayoga). When they say “No”, He hears the words but soon forgets them and repeats the question’”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Viprayoga in Kavya glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Viprayoga (विप्रयोग) refers to “separation”, according to Kālidāsa’s Raghuvaṃśa verse 9.33.—Accordingly: “You spoke about the king’s grief on account of me; I am not pleased that he is so distressed, amidst associations as fleeting as dreams, when separation (viprayoga) is bound to take place”.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Viprayoga in Jainism glossary
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Viprayoga (विप्रयोग) refers to “separation”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “For this embodied soul there is not another companion in union and in separation (viprayoga), in birth or in death and at the time of pleasure and pain. This [one] performs action for wealth, a son, a wife, etc. [and] he experiences alone that which is the result of that [action] in the levels of the Śvabhra [hell], etc.”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Viprayoga in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Viprayoga (विप्रयोग).—

1) Disunion, severance, separation, dissociation; as प्रीय° (prīya°).

2) Especially, separation of lovers; मा भूदेवं क्षणमपि च ते विद्युता विप्रयोगः (mā bhūdevaṃ kṣaṇamapi ca te vidyutā viprayogaḥ) Meghadūta 117,1; सद्यस्त्वया सह कृशोदरि विप्रयोगः (sadyastvayā saha kṛśodari viprayogaḥ) V.5.16; R.13.26;14.66.

3) Quarrel, disagreement.

4) Being fit or deserved.

5) Absence, want.

Derivable forms: viprayogaḥ (विप्रयोगः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viprayoga (विप्रयोग).—m.

(-gaḥ) 1. Separation, absence, especially the separation of lovers. 2. Disunion, disjunction. 3. Quarrel, disagreement. 4. Deserving. E. vi before, prayoga union, contiguity.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viprayoga (विप्रयोग).—i. e. vi-pra-yuj + a, m. 1. Separation, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 1; [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 184. 2. Disunion. 3. Quarrel. 4. Deserving.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viprayoga (विप्रयोग).—[masculine] separation from ([instrumental] ±saha, [genetive], or —°); absence, want, loss.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Viprayoga (विप्रयोग):—[=vi-prayoga] [from vipra-yuj] m. disjunction, dissociation, separation from ([instrumental case] with or without saha [genitive case], or [compound]), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] absence, want, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] quarrel, disagreement, [Horace H. Wilson]

4) [v.s. ...] the being fit or deserving, [ib.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viprayoga (विप्रयोग):—[vi-pra-yoga] (gaḥ) 1. m. Separation; disunion; quarrel; deserving.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Viprayoga (विप्रयोग) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Vippaoa, Vippaoga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Viprayoga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Viprayoga in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Viprayoga (विप्रयोग) [Also spelled viprayog]:—(nm) separation (esp. from the beloved); disagreement; hence ~[yukta] (a).

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Viprayoga in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Viprayōga (ವಿಪ್ರಯೋಗ):—

1) [noun] the fact of being separated, disjoined, disunited; separation; disassociation; disjunction.

2) [noun] (rhet.) the sentiment of being separated from one’s lover, and of pangs of it.

3) [noun] disagreement; a quarrelling over an issue.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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