Upayana, Upāyana, Upayāna: 15 definitions


Upayana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Upāyana (उपायन) refers to “articles of presentation”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.37 (“The letter of betrothal is dispatched”).—Accordingly, as Himavat prepared the wedding of Menā and Śiva: “[...] O celestial sage, listen to a detailed narration of the arrival of those mountains. [...] Krauñca the chief of mountains, came with a large army of attendants. He had articles of presentation (upāyana) with him. He was accompanied by his kinsmen and relatives. Puruṣottama mountain came with many presentation articles (mahā-upāyana). He was highly honoured along with his followers. The mountain Nīla with plenty of wealth came along with his sons and womenfolk. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Upayana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

upāyana : (nt.) a tribute; gift.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Upayāna, (nt.) (fr. upa + , cp. BSk. upayāna Jtm 3163) nearing, approach, arrival D. I, 10; DA. I, 94. (Page 145)

— or —

Upāyana, (nt.) (fr. upa + i, cp. upāya) going to (in special sense), enterprise, offering, tribute, present J v. 347; VI, 327; Miln. 155, 171, 241; Sdhp. 616, 619. (Page 149)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

upāyana (उपायन).—n S A complimentary or respectful present.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

upāyana (उपायन).—n A complimentary or respectful present.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Upayāna (उपयान).—

1) Approaching, coming near; उपयानापयाने च स्थानं प्रत्यपसर्पणम् । सर्वमेतद्रथस्थेन ज्ञेयं रथकुटुम्बिना (upayānāpayāne ca sthānaṃ pratyapasarpaṇam | sarvametadrathasthena jñeyaṃ rathakuṭumbinā) || Rām.6. 14.2.

2) Acquisition, obtaining; हरोपयाने त्वरिता बभूव (haropayāne tvaritā babhūva) Kumārasambhava 7.22.

Derivable forms: upayānam (उपयानम्).

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Upāyana (उपायन).—See under उपे (upe).

See also (synonyms): upāya.

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Upāyana (उपायन).—

1) Going near, approach.

2) Becoming a pupil of.

3) Engaging in any religious rite.

4) Undertaking, beginning; व्रत° (vrata°).

5) A present, gift; मालविकोपायनं प्रेषिता (mālavikopāyanaṃ preṣitā) M.1; तस्योपायनयोग्यानि वस्तूनि सरितां पतिः (tasyopāyanayogyāni vastūni saritāṃ patiḥ) Kumārasambhava 2.37; R.4.79; शरीरिणां श्रेय उपायनं वपुः (śarīriṇāṃ śreya upāyanaṃ vapuḥ) Bhāgavata 1.2.34.

Derivable forms: upāyanam (उपायनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upāyana (उपायन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. A present, a complementary or respectful gift. 2. Approaching, going near to. 3. Engaging in a religious observance. E. upa before ay to go, lyuṭ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upayāna (उपयान).—i. e. upa-yā + ana, n. Approach, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 9, 22.

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Upāyana (उपायन).—i. e. upa-i + ana, n. A present, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 70, 23.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upayāna (उपयान).—[neuter] nearing, approach.

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Upāyana (उपायन).—[neuter] approach, going to a teacher, becoming a scholar; undertaking, enterprise, offering, gift.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Upayāna (उपयान):—[=upa-yāna] [from upa-yā] n. coming near, approach, arrival, [Rāmāyaṇa; Kumāra-sambhava; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

2) Upāyana (उपायन):—[from upe] n. the act of coming near, approach, [Ṛg-veda ii, 28, 2]

3) [v.s. ...] going to a teacher, becoming a pupil, initiation, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiv; Āpastamba-dharma-sūtra i, 1, 5]

4) [v.s. ...] engaging (in any religious observance), undertaking, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xi; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

5) [v.s. ...] an offer, present, gift, [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Śakuntalā etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upāyana (उपायन):—[upā+yana] (naṃ) n. A present; approaching, engaging in.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Upayāna (उपयान) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Uvayāṇa, Uvāyaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Upayana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Upāyana (ಉಪಾಯನ):—

1) [noun] a going or coming closer or drawing near; an approach.

2) [noun] an undertaking or commencing of something.

3) [noun] a gift or present given to show affection, respect, friendship, etc.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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