Anupaya, aka: Anupāya; 6 Definition(s)


Anupaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Anupāya (अनुपाय) refers to a category of dhāraṇās according to the Śaivāgamas. The term dhāraṇā refers to a particular way “concentrating the mind”, and can be seen as a means of attaining the ultimate truth.

Source: Vijnana Bhairava or Divine Consciousness

Sambhavopaya = Śāmbhava Upāya. (the means or path of Sambhava or SamAvesa = Immersion of individual soul in Siva Consciousness). Sambhava = State of coming together. SamAvesa = Identical guise; Dress alike; Look alike; becoming non-different. One has to resort to Sambhu or Prakasa as the means. Here there is sudden flash of Siva Consciousness without the intermediation of any thoughts and dawn of realization that one's inner essential self is Siva. It centers on removal of Vikalpa or difference between two entities and admission into a thoughtless state in a continuous stream. The thoughts are gone; the gap between thoughts is now a continuous stream. It is by Will (Ichcha Sakti) that the yogi can bring the thoughtless state and preserve it as long as he wants. This is best of the three Upayas or means. The object of thoughtlessness is attaining Sivahood. How could a limited consciousness of an individual attain the universal Consciousness of Siva? The Guru or the master is the stand-in for Siva. It is by Anugraha (Grace) of Siva that the Yogi is able to go past the door of the universal Consciousness. When the aspirant enters Transcendental Consciousness, he finds that the 'I' (Aham) of Siva is the origin of letters (a to h), syllables, words, phrases, sentences and the universe. Aspirant's consciousness is the mirror that reflects the whole universe. Yogi's light exceeds the body light that serves only the firefly, the light of the jewels that illumines the proximate objects, the starlight that shines further, and the moonlight that shines still farther, and is like the sunlight that illumines the whole universe. The master shines for the Yogi who dissolves in Guru's consciousness and thus disappears in the master. This absorption into Siva Consciousness can happen with or without Guru's awakening.

Source: Kashmir Saivism
Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Anupaya in Pali glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

anupāya : (m.) wrong means.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Anupāya, (an + upāya) wrong means J.I, 256; Sdhp.405. (Page 39)

— or —

Anupaya, (adj.) (an + upaya) unattached, “aloof” S.I, 181 (akaṅkha apiha +). (Page 38)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Anupaya in Marathi glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

anupāya (अनुपाय).—a (S) Remediless or resourceless. 2 as s m Remedilessness.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

anupāya (अनुपाय).—m Remedilessness. a Remediless.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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