Anupaya, Anupāya: 10 definitions


Anupaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Vijnana Bhairava or Divine Consciousness

Anupāya (अनुपाय) refers to a category of dhāraṇās according to the Śaivāgamas. The term dhāraṇā refers to a particular way “concentrating the mind”, and can be seen as a means of attaining the ultimate truth.

Source: Kashmir Saivism

Sambhavopaya = Śāmbhava Upāya. (the means or path of Sambhava or SamAvesa = Immersion of individual soul in Siva Consciousness). Sambhava = State of coming together. SamAvesa = Identical guise; Dress alike; Look alike; becoming non-different. One has to resort to Sambhu or Prakasa as the means. Here there is sudden flash of Siva Consciousness without the intermediation of any thoughts and dawn of realization that one's inner essential self is Siva. It centers on removal of Vikalpa or difference between two entities and admission into a thoughtless state in a continuous stream. The thoughts are gone; the gap between thoughts is now a continuous stream. It is by Will (Ichcha Sakti) that the yogi can bring the thoughtless state and preserve it as long as he wants. This is best of the three Upayas or means. The object of thoughtlessness is attaining Sivahood. How could a limited consciousness of an individual attain the universal Consciousness of Siva? The Guru or the master is the stand-in for Siva. It is by Anugraha (Grace) of Siva that the Yogi is able to go past the door of the universal Consciousness. When the aspirant enters Transcendental Consciousness, he finds that the 'I' (Aham) of Siva is the origin of letters (a to h), syllables, words, phrases, sentences and the universe. Aspirant's consciousness is the mirror that reflects the whole universe. Yogi's light exceeds the body light that serves only the firefly, the light of the jewels that illumines the proximate objects, the starlight that shines further, and the moonlight that shines still farther, and is like the sunlight that illumines the whole universe. The master shines for the Yogi who dissolves in Guru's consciousness and thus disappears in the master. This absorption into Siva Consciousness can happen with or without Guru's awakening.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Anupāya (अनुपाय) refers to “no-means”, according to the Mahānayaprakāśa [by an unknown author].—The probably South Indian author of the third Mahānayaprakāśa—who, unlike Śitikaṇṭha and Arṇasiṃha, makes full use of Pratyabhijñā concepts—begins his work with a eulogy of No-means as the most intense form of grace (tīvraśaktipāta) through which the supreme principle is attained. Indeed, he goes so far as to identify the Krama teachings with No-means [i.e., anupāya-krama], which he identifies with the Śāmbhava penetration (śāmbhavasamāveśa) that takes place through the most intense form of grace (atitīvraśaktipāta). In this liberated state all things are experienced as the nectar of one's own innate bliss

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Anupaya in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

anupāya : (m.) wrong means.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Anupāya, (an + upāya) wrong means J.I, 256; Sdhp.405. (Page 39)

— or —

Anupaya, (adj.) (an + upaya) unattached, “aloof” S.I, 181 (akaṅkha apiha +). (Page 38)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

anupāya (अनुपाय).—a (S) Remediless or resourceless. 2 as s m Remedilessness.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

anupāya (अनुपाय).—m Remedilessness. a Remediless.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Anupāya (अनुपाय):—[=an-upāya] m. bad means (ena, ‘to no purpose’), [Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] mfn. (a Stobha) in which the chorus of chanting priests does not join, [Drāhyāyaṇa] ([Scholiast or Commentator])

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Anupāya (अनुपाय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Aṇuvāya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Anupaya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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