Upayoga: 11 definitions
Upayoga means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1
Upayoga (उपयोग, “manifestation”).—What is meant by consciousness? To know, to feel misery and pleasure, to see and to hear are some of the manifestations (upayoga) of consciousness.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living
1) Upayoga (उपयोग, “sentience”).—according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.8-9, “functional consciousness/ sentience (upayoga) is the differentia (distinguishing characteristic) of the soul”.—What is the meaning of upayoga (sentience or functional consciousness)? The disposition due to which the soul sees and knows is called upayoga. What is the difference between sentience and soul? Sentience is an attribute and soul is the owner of the attribute. Who can have sentience? Only jīva, which is sentient, can have sentience.
There are two types of sentience namely knowledge (jñāna) and intuition (darśana). Why there is no ‘telepathic-intuition’? This is so as telepathy is preceded by mind-based knowledge and mind based knowledge is its intuition.
2) Upayoga (उपयोग, “manifestation”) refers to a defining factor of “psychic sense” (bhāvendriya), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.18. Activities of the soul involved in cognizing an object of knowledge are called manifestation (upayoga). Attaining completion (labdhi) and its manifestation (upayoga) is called psychic sense organ (bhāvendriya).
What is the difference between attainment (labdhi) and manifestation (upayoga)? Attainment is the capability to cognize and manifestation is the use of that capability to cognize the object. What is the difference between manifestation and yoga (activities of mind, body and speech)? Manifestation is the inclination of knowledge while yoga is the tendency of mind, body and speech.
How many types of manifestation (upayoga) are there? There are three types of manifestation namely inauspicious, auspicious and pure.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
upayoga : (m.) connection; employment; application.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Upayoga, (fr. upa + yuj) connection, combination; employment, application J. VI, 432 (nagare upayogaṃ netvā for use in the town? v. l. upabhogaṃ). Usually in cpd. °vacana as tt. g. meaning either combined or condensed expression, ellipsis SnA 386; KhA 236; PvA. 73, 135; or the Acc. case, which is frequently substituted for the foll. cases: sāmi-vacana SnA 127; PvA. 102; bhumma° SnA 140; KhA 116; karaṇa° SnA 148; sampadāna° J. V, 214; SnA 317; itthambhūta° SnA 441; nissakka° J. V, 498. (Page 145)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
upayōga (उपयोग).—m (S) Use or usefulness; adaptedness or helpfulness to any end or purpose. 2 Need of; demand or occasion for.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
upayōga (उपयोग).—m Use. Demand for. Need of.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Employment, use, application, service; ओषधान्नविहाराणामुपयोगः सुखावहः (oṣadhānnavihārāṇāmupayogaḥ sukhāvahaḥ) Madh. N. उपयोगं गम् (upayogaṃ gam) or व्रज् (vraj) to be used or employed, serve; व्रजन्ति (vrajanti) ... अनङ्गलेखक्रिययोपयोगम् (anaṅgalekhakriyayopayogam) Ku.1.7.
2) Administration of medicines, or their preparation.
3) Fitness, suitableness, propriety.
4) Contact, proximity.
5) Any act contributing to the fulfilment of a desired object.
6) Good conduct, observing established customs.
7) Food; गते च दुर्वाससि सोऽम्बरीषो द्विजोपयोगातिपवित्रमाहरत् (gate ca durvāsasi so'mbarīṣo dvijopayogātipavitramāharat) Bhāg.9.5.24.
Derivable forms: upayogaḥ (उपयोगः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-gaḥ) 1. Good conduct, observing established practices. 2. Any act tending to effect a desired object. 3. Fitness, suitableness. 4. Service, utility. 5. Use, application. 6. Contact, proximity. 7. Adminstration of medicines. 8. Preparation of them. E. upa before yuj to join, ghañ aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Upayoga (उपयोग).—i. e. upa-yuj + a, m. Employment, use, [Kumārasaṃbhava, (ed. Stenzler.)] 1, 7.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Upayoga (उपयोग).—[masculine] employment, application; use, enjoyment.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Search found 6 books and stories containing Upayoga, Upayōga, Upa-yoga; (plurals include: Upayogas, Upayōgas, yogas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
A study of the philosophy of Jainism (by Deepa Baruah)
Chapter IV.a - The nature of the Self (Jīva) in Jaina philosophy < [Chapter IV - The concept of Self]
Chapter III.a - The Nature Of Substance (Dravya) < [Chapter III - Categories]
Chapter II.c - Classification of Pramāṇa < [Chapter II - Jaina theory of Knowledge]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 13: Siṃhakeśarin < [Chapter III - Vasudeva’s Marriage with Kanakavatī and her Former Incarnations]
Part 13: Fifth incarnation as the Īśāna god < [Chapter I]
Appendix 1.6: New and rare words < [Appendices]
Bhagavati-sutra (Viyaha-pannatti) (by K. C. Lalwani)
Chapter 5: On birds < [Book 7]
Part 3 - On the state of pregnancy < [Chapter 7]
Part 1 - On astikāyas < [Chapter 10]
The Great Chariot (by Longchenpa)
Part 2 - Why mantrayana is higher than the vehicles of characteristics < [A. Resolving the view]
The Sarva-Darsana-Samgraha (by E. B. Cowell)
The Buddhist Philosophy of Universal Flux (by Satkari Mookerjee)
Chapter III - Objections from the Point of View of Causation explained < [Part I - Metaphysics]