Upayoga; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Upayoga means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Upayoga in Jainism glossary... « previous · [U] · next »

Upayoga (उपयोग, “manifestation”).—What is meant by consciousness? To know, to feel misery and pleasure, to see and to hear are some of the manifestations (upayoga) of consciousness.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1

1) Upayoga (उपयोग, “sentience”).—according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.8-9, “functional consciousness/ sentience (upayoga) is the differentia (distinguishing characteristic) of the soul”.—What is the meaning of upayoga (sentience or functional consciousness)? The disposition due to which the soul sees and knows is called upayoga. What is the difference between sentience and soul? Sentience is an attribute and soul is the owner of the attribute. Who can have sentience? Only jīva, which is sentient, can have sentience.

There are two types of sentience namely knowledge (jñāna) and intuition (darśana). Why there is no ‘telepathic-intuition’? This is so as telepathy is preceded by mind-based knowledge and mind based knowledge is its intuition.

2) Upayoga (उपयोग, “manifestation”) refers to a defining factor of “psychic sense” (bhāvendriya), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.18. Activities of the soul involved in cognizing an object of knowledge are called manifestation (upayoga). Attaining completion (labdhi) and its manifestation (upayoga) is called psychic sense organ (bhāvendriya).

What is the difference between attainment (labdhi) and manifestation (upayoga)? Attainment is the capability to cognize and manifestation is the use of that capability to cognize the object. What is the difference between manifestation and yoga (activities of mind, body and speech)? Manifestation is the inclination of knowledge while yoga is the tendency of mind, body and speech.

How many types of manifestation (upayoga) are there? There are three types of manifestation namely inauspicious, auspicious and pure.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Upayoga in Pali glossary... « previous · [U] · next »

upayoga : (m.) connection; employment; application.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Upayoga, (fr. upa + yuj) connection, combination; employment, application J. VI, 432 (nagare upayogaṃ netvā for use in the town? v. l. upabhogaṃ). Usually in cpd. °vacana as tt. g. meaning either combined or condensed expression, ellipsis SnA 386; KhA 236; PvA. 73, 135; or the Acc. case, which is frequently substituted for the foll. cases: sāmi-vacana SnA 127; PvA. 102; bhumma° SnA 140; KhA 116; karaṇa° SnA 148; sampadāna° J. V, 214; SnA 317; itthambhūta° SnA 441; nissakka° J. V, 498. (Page 145)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Upayoga in Marathi glossary... « previous · [U] · next »

upayōga (उपयोग).—m (S) Use or usefulness; adaptedness or helpfulness to any end or purpose. 2 Need of; demand or occasion for.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

upayōga (उपयोग).—m Use. Demand for. Need of.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Upayoga (उपयोग).—

1) Employment, use, application, service; ओषधान्नविहाराणामुपयोगः सुखावहः (oṣadhānnavihārāṇāmupayogaḥ sukhāvahaḥ) Madh. N. उपयोगं गम् (upayogaṃ gam) or व्रज् (vraj) to be used or employed, serve; व्रजन्ति (vrajanti) ... अनङ्गलेखक्रिययोपयोगम् (anaṅgalekhakriyayopayogam) Ku.1.7.

2) Administration of medicines, or their preparation.

3) Fitness, suitableness, propriety.

4) Contact, proximity.

5) Any act contributing to the fulfilment of a desired object.

6) Good conduct, observing established customs.

7) Food; गते च दुर्वाससि सोऽम्बरीषो द्विजोपयोगातिपवित्रमाहरत् (gate ca durvāsasi so'mbarīṣo dvijopayogātipavitramāharat) Bhāg.9.5.24.

Derivable forms: upayogaḥ (उपयोगः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 12 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Darshanopayoga
Darśanopayoga (दर्शनोपयोग, “intuition-cognition”) refers one of the two types of sentience (upa...
Jnanopayoga
Jñānopayoga (ज्ञानोपयोग, “knowledge-cognition”) refers one of the two types of sentience (upayo...
Labdhi
Labdhi.—‘nine’ (Ep. Ind., Vol. XV, p. 345). Note: labdhi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical...
Jnanendriya
Jñānendriya (ज्ञानेन्द्रिय).—an organ of perception; (these are five tvac, rasanā, cakṣus, karṇ...
Pancendriya
Pañcendriya (पञ्चेन्द्रिय) refers to “five sensed living beings” and represents one of the five...
Anupayoga
Anupayoga (अनुपयोग).—m. (-gaḥ) Unserviceableness, uselessness. E. an neg. upayoga utility.
Samin
Śamin (शमिन्).—mfn. (-mī-minī-mi) Pacific, tranquillized. E. śam to be tranquil, aff. ṇini .
Upayogin
Upayogin (उपयोगिन्).—mfn. (-gī-ginī-gi) 1. Appropriate, suitable. 2. Conducive or contributing ...
Upega
upēga (उपेग).—m (Vulgar corr. of upayōga) Use or usefulness: also need or want of.
Aupayaugika
Aupayaugika (औपयौगिक).—a. (-kī f.) [उपयोग-ठञ् (upayoga-ṭhañ)] Relating to the employment or app...
Bhavendriya
Bhāvendriya (भावेन्द्रिय) refers to “psychic sense organ” and represents one of the to types of...
Pannavana
Paṇṇavaṇā (पण्णवणा).—The Paṇṇavaṇā is the fourth upāṅga which is ascribed to Ajjasāma (Āryaśyām...

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