Upayoga: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Upayoga means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Upyog.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Upayoga (उपयोग) or “concentrated attention” refers to a technical term meaning the expression of the activity of the soul through jñāna and darśana, knowledge and perception.—(cf. ‘The Jaina Gazette’ Vol. 21, p. 251. Tattvārthādhigamasūtra  2.8 ff.).

According to chapter 1.1 of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra:

“Employing concentrated attention [viz., upayoga], then from clairvoyant knowledge he recalled his former birth like a day that occurred yesterday as follows: ‘I was a king of the Vidyādharas [i.e., named Mahābala] and was instructed in the religion of the Jinas by my minister, Svayambuddha, my friend in religion [...]’”.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1

Upayoga (उपयोग, “manifestation”).—What is meant by consciousness? To know, to feel misery and pleasure, to see and to hear are some of the manifestations (upayoga) of consciousness.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living

1) Upayoga (उपयोग, “sentience”).—according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.8-9, “functional consciousness/ sentience (upayoga) is the differentia (distinguishing characteristic) of the soul”.—What is the meaning of upayoga (sentience or functional consciousness)? The disposition due to which the soul sees and knows is called upayoga. What is the difference between sentience and soul? Sentience is an attribute and soul is the owner of the attribute. Who can have sentience? Only jīva, which is sentient, can have sentience.

There are two types of sentience namely knowledge (jñāna) and intuition (darśana). Why there is no ‘telepathic-intuition’? This is so as telepathy is preceded by mind-based knowledge and mind based knowledge is its intuition.

2) Upayoga (उपयोग, “manifestation”) refers to a defining factor of “psychic sense” (bhāvendriya), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.18. Activities of the soul involved in cognizing an object of knowledge are called manifestation (upayoga). Attaining completion (labdhi) and its manifestation (upayoga) is called psychic sense organ (bhāvendriya).

What is the difference between attainment (labdhi) and manifestation (upayoga)? Attainment is the capability to cognize and manifestation is the use of that capability to cognize the object. What is the difference between manifestation and yoga (activities of mind, body and speech)? Manifestation is the inclination of knowledge while yoga is the tendency of mind, body and speech.

How many types of manifestation (upayoga) are there? There are three types of manifestation namely inauspicious, auspicious and pure.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Upayoga in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

upayoga : (m.) connection; employment; application.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Upayoga, (fr. upa + yuj) connection, combination; employment, application J. VI, 432 (nagare upayogaṃ netvā for use in the town? v. l. upabhogaṃ). Usually in cpd. °vacana as tt. g. meaning either combined or condensed expression, ellipsis SnA 386; KhA 236; PvA. 73, 135; or the Acc. case, which is frequently substituted for the foll. cases: sāmi-vacana SnA 127; PvA. 102; bhumma° SnA 140; KhA 116; karaṇa° SnA 148; sampadāna° J. V, 214; SnA 317; itthambhūta° SnA 441; nissakka° J. V, 498. (Page 145)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

upayōga (उपयोग).—m (S) Use or usefulness; adaptedness or helpfulness to any end or purpose. 2 Need of; demand or occasion for.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

upayōga (उपयोग).—m Use. Demand for. Need of.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Upayoga (उपयोग).—

1) Employment, use, application, service; ओषधान्नविहाराणामुपयोगः सुखावहः (oṣadhānnavihārāṇāmupayogaḥ sukhāvahaḥ) Madh. N. उपयोगं गम् (upayogaṃ gam) or व्रज् (vraj) to be used or employed, serve; व्रजन्ति (vrajanti) ... अनङ्गलेखक्रिययोपयोगम् (anaṅgalekhakriyayopayogam) Ku.1.7.

2) Administration of medicines, or their preparation.

3) Fitness, suitableness, propriety.

4) Contact, proximity.

5) Any act contributing to the fulfilment of a desired object.

6) Good conduct, observing established customs.

7) Food; गते च दुर्वाससि सोऽम्बरीषो द्विजोपयोगातिपवित्रमाहरत् (gate ca durvāsasi so'mbarīṣo dvijopayogātipavitramāharat) Bhāg.9.5.24.

Derivable forms: upayogaḥ (उपयोगः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upayoga (उपयोग).—m.

(-gaḥ) 1. Good conduct, observing established practices. 2. Any act tending to effect a desired object. 3. Fitness, suitableness. 4. Service, utility. 5. Use, application. 6. Contact, proximity. 7. Adminstration of medicines. 8. Preparation of them. E. upa before yuj to join, ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upayoga (उपयोग).—i. e. upa-yuj + a, m. Employment, use, [Kumārasaṃbhava, (ed. Stenzler.)] 1, 7.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upayoga (उपयोग).—[masculine] employment, application; use, enjoyment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Upayoga (उपयोग):—[=upa-yoga] [from upa-yuj] m. employment, use, application, [Mahābhārata; Suśruta; Prabodha-candrodaya]

2) [v.s. ...] (upayogaṃ-√gam or √vraj, to be employed, [Kumāra-sambhava; Śārṅgadhara])

3) [v.s. ...] enjoyment, consuming, taking, [Suśruta]

4) [v.s. ...] any act tending to a desired object

5) [v.s. ...] an engagement, compact, agreement, [Pāṇini 1-4, 29]

6) [v.s. ...] use, fitness

7) [v.s. ...] acquisition (of knowledge), [Gautama-dharma-śāstra vii, 1]

8) [v.s. ...] good conduct, observing established practices, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] calculation (°gaṃkṛ ‘to calculate’), [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upayoga (उपयोग):—[upa-yoga] (gaḥ) 1. m. Good conduct; fitness, use, application.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Upayoga (उपयोग) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Uvaoga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Upayoga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Upayoga in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Upayoga (उपयोग) [Also spelled upyog]:—(nm) use, utilisation/utility; exploitation; ~[karttā] a usufructuary; consumer.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Upayōga (ಉಪಯೋಗ):—

1) [noun] the act of using or the state of being used; use; utilisation.

2) [noun] the quality or property of being useful; usefulness; utility.

3) [noun] benefit derived from using a thing.

4) [noun] a way of applying or method of applying or using; specific use; application.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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