Upeksha, aka: Upekṣā; 10 Definition(s)
Upeksha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Upekṣā can be transliterated into English as Upeksa or Upeksha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Upekṣā (उपेक्षा).—One of the upāyas of a king.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 222. 2.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
1) Upekṣā (उपेक्षा, “equanimity”) refers to one of ten constituents (dravya) of the thirty-seven auxiliaries to enlightenment (bodhipākṣika), according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XXXI.—Accordingly, “these thirty-seven auxiliaries (bodhipākṣika) have ten things (dravya) as roots (mūla). Equanimity (upekṣā) constitutes the factor-of-enlightenment called equanimity (upekṣā-saṃbodhyaṅga)”.
2) Upekṣā (उपेक्षा, “equanimity”) refers to one of the “four immeasurables” (apramāṇa), according to chapter 32.—Accordingly, “Upekṣā is to abandon the three previous feelings and think of beings without either aversion (pratigha) or fondness (anunaya). Upekṣā is practiced to remove sensual attachment (kāmarāga) and hostility (vyāpāda) toward others”.
3) Upekṣā (उपेक्षा) refers to “sensation of indifference” and represents one of the twenty-two faculties (indriya), according to chapter 38. The word indriya, derived from the root id or ind, is synonymous with great power, with control. The twenty-two Dharmas in question [viz., upekṣā] have the characteristic of being dominant in regard to the living being (sattva) in that which concerns: his primary constitution, his distinctiveness, his duration, his moral defilement and his purification.Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Buddhism)
Upekṣā (उपेक्षा, “equanimity”) refers to one of the “four spiritual states” (brahmavihāra) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 16). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., brahma-vihāra and Upekṣā). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.
Upekṣā also refers to one of the “seven factors of awakening” (bodhyaṅga) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 49), itself forming part of the “thirty-seven things on the side of awakening” (bodhipākṣika-dharma).Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha
upekṣā [upekkhā] ('equanimity'): Upekṣā is the state of mind which maintains a balance while experiencing joy or sorrow, fame or infamy, gain or loss. Equanimity takes a person beyond love and hatred. One should meditate upon love, compassion, joy and equanimity. Equanimity is the seventh constituent of enlightenment. It helps one to get rid of attachment and aversion. It can be precisely described as the state which is devoid of pain and pleasure, the state in which no preference is shown to one thing or the other. Its property is indifference.
As one of the bodhyaṅga-s it means one and the same attitude of mind towards all thoughts.
Upekṣā is of ten kinds.
- ṣaḍaṅgopekṣā -- neither pleasure nor pain from the objects of six-sense organs,
- brahmavihāropekṣā -- equanimity in extending love to all,
- bodhyaṅgopekṣā -- equanimity with regard to thoughts,
- vīryopekṣā -- the same intensity of force of determination,
- saṃskāropekṣā -- equanimity with regard to all kinds of wisdom essential for the attainment of the paths,
- vedanopekṣā -- equanimity with regard to feelings,
- vidarśanopekṣā -- the state of equanimity towards what has been seen,
- tatramadhyasthopekṣā -- practising all modes of upekṣā,
- dhyānopekṣā -- equanimity with regard to the impermanency of objects, and
pariśuddhi-upekṣā -- equanimity with regard to everything that takes one to emancipation.
India history and geogprahy
Upekṣā.—(CII 4), Buddhist; indifference; one of the bhā- vanās. Note: upekṣā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
upēkṣā (उपेक्षा).—f (S) Indolent or careless putting off; delaying, dallying: also viewing without concern as light and insignificant: slighting. 2 Overlooking (an offence).Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
upēkṣā (उपेक्षा).—f Indolent putting off; delaying, overlooking (an offence).Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) Overlooking, disregard, neglect.
2) Indifference, contempt, disdain; कुर्यामुपेक्षां हतजीवितेऽस्मिन् (kuryāmupekṣāṃ hatajīvite'smin) R.14.65.
3) Leaving, quitting.
4) Endurance, patience.
6) Neglect, trick or deceit (one of the 7 expedients in war).
7) A sort of भावना (bhāvanā) in Yoga, q. v.
8) Regard, consideration.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Upekṣā (उपेक्षा).—(Sanskrit id., used in much the same sense, but in BHS like Pali upekkhā, upekhā, technical religious term, while also used in general untechnical sense), indifference (Tibetan btaṅ sñoms), putting up with whatever happens, patience, long-suffering: non-religious, LV 304.11 (verse) śreyo upekṣa ma raṇe paribhāvu gacchet, (a son of Māra advises him not to fight the Bodhisattva) better is patience (to put up with what can't be helped), lest one arrive at humiliation in battle; religious, as the 7th bodhy- aṅga and as one of the 4 apramāṇa, qq.v.; LV 129.10 (prose) aduḥkhāsukham upekṣāsmṛtipariśuddhaṃ catur- thaṃ dhyānam; 224.2 (verse) mudito upekṣa-dhyāyī brāhme pathi vidhijñaḥ; 275.18 (yasyā…brāhmaḥ patho jñāyate) maitrī vā karuṇā upekṣa muditā (see s.v. apramāṇa); in 442.5 acquisition of upekṣā leads to getting rid of love and hatred, anunayapratighotsargāya; its six aṅga, see this.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
(-kṣā) 1. Trick, deceit, one of the minor expedients in war. 2. Abandoning, leaving. 3. Dissent. 4. Negligence, neglect. 5. Endurance, patience. 6. Contempt, disdian. E. upa before īkṣ to see, aṅ and ṭāp affs.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 25 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Nirupekṣa (निरुपेक्ष).—mfn. (-kṣaḥ-kṣā-kṣaṃ) Honest, free from trick or fraud. E. nir, and upek...
Upekṣāsambodhyaṅga (उपेक्षासम्बोध्यङ्ग ) or simply Upekṣā refers to “the factor of awakening t...
Cetanopekṣā (चेतनोपेक्षा) refers to “intention and equanimity” and represents one of the “eight...
Muditā (मुदिता).—(1) (= Pali id.; acc. to Senart, Mv i.629 and iii.523, also PTSD s.v., an alt...
Indriya (इन्द्रिय).—n. (-yaṃ) 1. An organ of sense divided into three classes, Jananendriyas, K...
Brahmavihāra (ब्रह्मविहार).—m. (= Pali id.; compare vihāra), brahmic (supreme, highest religiou...
Upāya (उपाय).—m. (= Sanskrit), means: three, Dharmas 111, sarvasattvāvabodhakaḥ, sattvārthābhāv...
Apramāṇa (अप्रमाण).—nt. (in meaning 1 = Pali appamaññā, f.; see CPD s.v.), (1) infinitude, as n...
Aṅga (अङ्ग).—(1) member, part (as in Sanskrit and Pali, where it is recorded as nt. only), m. ...
Saṃskāra (संस्कार).—m. (= Pali saṃkhāra; both mgs. clearly foreshadowed in Sanskrit, but here t...
1) Buddhi (बुद्धि, “knowledge”) refers to one of the seven categories mentioned in Annaṃbhaṭṭa’...
jhaṇa (झण) [-kan-kara-diśī-dinī, -कन्-कर-दिशी-दिनी].—ad With a whiz or twang. In a trice or sha...
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Upekkhā, & Upekhā (f.) (fr. upa + īkṣ, cp. BSk. upekṣā Divy 483; Jtm 211. On spelling upekhā f...
Kṛtakṛtya (कृतकृत्य).—a. 1) who has accomplished his object; Bg.15.2. 2) satisfied, contented; ...
Search found 15 books and stories containing Upeksha or Upekṣā. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Appendix 1 - Distribution of gods in the three worlds < [Chapter XXXII-XXXIV - The eight classes of supplementary dharmas]
I. Definition of the immeasurables (apramāṇa) < [Class 3: The four immeasurables]
Abhidharma auxiliaries (B): The elements constituting the thirty-seven auxiliaries < [Part 2 - The auxiliaries according to the Abhidharma]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 23 - Yoga Purificatory Practices (Parikarma) < [Chapter VII - The Kapila and the Pātañjala Sāṃkhya (yoga)]
Part 6 - Yoga and Patañjali < [Chapter VII - The Kapila and the Pātañjala Sāṃkhya (yoga)]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
The Vimalakirti Nirdesa Sutra (by Charles Luk)
The Mahavastu (great story) (by J. J. Jones)
Chapter XXII - Enlightenment of Dīpaṃkara < [Volume I]
Chapter XLII - Instructions on begging < [Volume III]
Chapter XXVIII - The first Avalokita-sūtra < [Volume II]
Bodhisattvacharyavatara (by Andreas Kretschmar)