Upeksha, aka: Upekṣā; 7 Definition(s)


Upeksha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Upekṣā can be transliterated into English as Upeksa or Upeksha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism


[Upeksha in Purana glossaries]

Upekṣā (उपेक्षा).—One of the upāyas of a king.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 222. 2.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[Upeksha in Mahayana glossaries]

Upekṣā (उपेक्षा, “equanimity”) refers to one of ten constituents (dravya) of the thirty-seven auxiliaries to enlightenment (bodhipākṣika), according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XXXI.—Accordingly, “these thirty-seven auxiliaries (bodhipākṣika) have ten things (dravya) as roots (mūla). Equanimity (upekṣā) constitutes the factor-of-enlightenment called equanimity (upekṣā-saṃbodhyaṅga)”.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[Upeksha in Buddhism glossaries]

Upekṣā (उपेक्षा, “equanimity”) refers to one of the “four spiritual states” (brahmavihāra) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 16). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., brahma-vihāra and Upekṣā). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Upekṣā also refers to one of the fourty “conditions” (saṃskāra) that are “associated with mind” (citta-samprayukta) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 30).

Upekṣā also refers to one of the “seven factors of awakening” (bodhyaṅga) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 49), itself forming part of the “thirty-seven things on the side of awakening” (bodhipākṣika-dharma).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

upekṣā [upekkhā] ('equanimity'): Upekṣā is the state of mind which maintains a balance while experiencing joy or sorrow, fame or infamy, gain or loss. Equanimity takes a person beyond love and hatred. One should meditate upon love, compassion, joy and equanimity. Equanimity is the seventh constituent of enlightenment. It helps one to get rid of attachment and aversion. It can be precisely described as the state which is devoid of pain and pleasure, the state in which no preference is shown to one thing or the other. Its property is indifference.

As one of the bodhyaṅga-s it means one and the same attitude of mind towards all thoughts.

Upekṣā is of ten kinds.

  1. ṣaḍaṅgopekṣā -- neither pleasure nor pain from the objects of six-sense organs,
  2. brahmavihāropekṣā -- equanimity in extending love to all,
  3. bodhyaṅgopekṣā -- equanimity with regard to thoughts,
  4. vīryopekṣā -- the same intensity of force of determination,
  5. saṃskāropekṣā -- equanimity with regard to all kinds of wisdom essential for the attainment of the paths,
  6. vedanopekṣā -- equanimity with regard to feelings,
  7. vidarśanopekṣā -- the state of equanimity towards what has been seen,
  8. tatramadhyasthopekṣā -- practising all modes of upekṣā,
  9. dhyānopekṣā -- equanimity with regard to the impermanency of objects, and
  10. pariśuddhi-upekṣā -- equanimity with regard to everything that takes one to emancipation.
(Source): DLMBS: Buddhānusmṛti

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Upeksha in Marathi glossaries]

upēkṣā (उपेक्षा).—f (S) Indolent or careless putting off; delaying, dallying: also viewing without concern as light and insignificant: slighting. 2 Overlooking (an offence).

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

upēkṣā (उपेक्षा).—f Indolent putting off; delaying, overlooking (an offence).

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Upeksha in Sanskrit glossaries]

Upekṣā (उपेक्षा).—

1) Overlooking, disregard, neglect.

2) Indifference, contempt, disdain; कुर्यामुपेक्षां हतजीवितेऽस्मिन् (kuryāmupekṣāṃ hatajīvite'smin) R.14.65.

3) Leaving, quitting.

4) Endurance, patience.

5) Dissent.

6) Neglect, trick or deceit (one of the 7 expedients in war).

7) A sort of भावना (bhāvanā) in Yoga, q. v.

8) Regard, consideration.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 23 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Upekṣāsambodhyaṅga (उपेक्षासम्बोध्यङ्ग ) or simply Upekṣā refers to “the factor of awakening t...
Cetanopekṣā (चेतनोपेक्षा) refers to “intention and equanimity” and represents one of the “eight...
Nirupekṣa (निरुपेक्ष).—a. 1) free from trick or fraud. 2) not neglectful. Nirupekṣa is a Sanskr...
Upāya (उपाय).—See under Caturupāya.
Saṃskāra (संस्कार) refers to a set of “sixteen ceremonies” accompanying the individual during t...
Buddhi (बुद्धि).—A wife of Dharmadeva. In Viṣṇu Purāṇa Aṃśa 1, Chapter 7, it is mentioned that ...
Brahmavihāra (ब्रह्मविहार).—a pious conduct, perfect state; Buddh. Derivable forms: brahmavihār...
Indriya (इन्द्रिय, “faculties”) or Pañcendriya refers to one of the seven classes of the thirty...
jhaṇa (झण) [-kan-kara-diśī-dinī, -कन्-कर-दिशी-दिनी].—ad With a whiz or twang. In a trice or sha...
Kāsa (कास) refers to “cough”. These includes 68 references of Vatsanābha usages. Guṭikā is maxi...
Upekkhā, & Upekhā (f.) (fr. upa + īkṣ, cp. BSk. upekṣā Divy 483; Jtm 211. On spelling upekhā f...
Kṛtakṛtya (कृतकृत्य).—a. 1) who has accomplished his object; Bg.15.2. 2) satisfied, contented; ...
Apramāṇa (अप्रमाण).—a.1) Unlimited, immeasurable, boundless.2) Without authority, proof or weig...
Apayāna (अपयान).—1) Going away, departure, retreat, flight, escape. भंग्नापयानेष्वनभिज्ञदोषः (b...
upēkṣaṇēṃ (उपेक्षणें).—v t View with indifference or unconcern. Disregard.

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