Caturupayam, Caturupāyam: 1 definition


Caturupayam means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chaturupayam.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (C) next»] — Caturupayam in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Caturupāyam (चतुरुपायम्).—The four means used by Kings in olden times to achieve their objects are called Caturupāyam. Sāma, dāna, bheda and daṇḍa are the Caturupāyas (four tactics). There are three other upāyas also, almost equally important as the first four, and the seven upāyas are collectively called Saptopāyas. There are also yet other upāyas, but they are not important enough to merit special mention. Sāma. It is the best means to attract and convert others to one’s side. It consists in winning people with sweet words and looks. People who are friendly by temperament and straightforward may be brought round by sāma. Sāma is employed in dealing with sons, brothers and other relatives. (See full article at Story of Caturupāyam from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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