Upayaparamita, Upāyapāramitā, Upaya-paramita: 2 definitions

Introduction

Upayaparamita means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Upāyapāramitā (उपायपारमिता) refers to one of twelve Pāramitā Goddesses in human form, as commonly depicted in Buddhist Iconography, and mentioned in the 11th-century Niṣpannayogāvalī of Mahāpaṇḍita Abhayākara.—Her Colour is green; her Symbol is a vajra on lotus; she has two arms.

Upāyapāramitā is described in the Niṣpannayogāvalī (dharmadhātuvāgīśvara-maṇḍala) as follows:—

“Upāyapāramitā is green like the priyaṅgu flower and holds in her left hand the vajra on a yellow lotus”.

[The right hand carries the cintāmaṇi banner as usual. Her statue is found in China.

The twelve deities collectively have their spiritual father in Ratnasambhava. [...] According to a statement in the maṇḍala all the deities [viz., Upāyapāramitā] are two-armed, and they hold in the right hand the flag marked with the Cintāmaṇi jewel, and in the left their special symbols. Prajñāpāramitā is an exception since she has two more hands.]

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

Discover the meaning of upayaparamita in the context of Tibetan Buddhism from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Buddhism)

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Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Upāyapāramitā (उपायपारमिता) or simply upāya refers to the “perfection of skilful means” and represents the seventh of the “ten perferctions” (daśapāramitā) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 18). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., daśa-pāramitā and upāya-pāramitā). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

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