Upeta: 15 definitions


Upeta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Upetā (उपेता) means “furnished” (i.e., ‘decorated’ with various articles), according to the Kulakaulinīmata verse 3.77-81.—Accordingly, “Tvaritā is without compare and bestows all accomplishments. She is dark blue and her form is that of a (tribal) Śāvarī. She has big, upraised breasts and has two snakes as earrings and two as (her) anklets. She is the three-eyed goddess Tripurā who bestows boons and freedom from fear. Or else, she has eighteen arms and one should think (of her when engaged) in magical rites. She wears golden clothes and is adorned with a peacock banner. She sits on a lion throne, bestows boons and holds a peacock parasol. She has a peacock bangle [i.e., mayūra-kaṭaka-upetā] and is adorned with a garland of wild flowers. She is adorned with a beautiful peacock diadem”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Upeta (उपेत) refers to “one resorted to” (e.g., the forests), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 13), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “I shall now expound about the movements of the Seven Ṛṣis (saptarṣi), [...] If Marīci should be affected as described above the Gandharvas, the Devas, the Asuras, skilled magicians and physicians, the Yakṣas, the Nāgas and the Vidyādharas will also be afflicted. If Vasiṣṭha should be crossed by meteoric falls or otherwise affected, the Scythians, the Yavanas, the Daradas, the Pāratas, the people of Kāmboja and the Ṛṣis of the forests [i.e., vana-upeta] will suffer; but if Vasiṣṭha should appear bright, he will cause happiness”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Upetā (उपेता) refers to “wearing (a crown)”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 18.63-68, while describing the iconography of Mṛtyujit and the consort Amṛtalakṣmī]—“After [the Mantrin] has meditated on the beautiful form as indicated earlier, he should worship Mṛtyujit and Śrī Devī [Amṛtalakṣmī], [...]. She is charming [and] wears a pure white crown (suśukla-mukuṭa-upetā). [She has] one face, three eyes, [and is] seated in the baddhapadmāsana, adorned with a Yoga strap, a conch and lotus in [her] hand, the hands [forming the gestures of] wish-granting and protection. Four armed, Mahādevī is marked with all auspicious signs. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Upeta (उपेत) is the name of a Śrāvaka mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Upeta).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Upeta (उपेत) refers to “(being) endowed with” (e.g., a robust physique), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Then the wise [man] who has gone beyond virtuous meditation and attained infinite purity commences to meditate on absolutely spotless pure [meditation]. He who is endowed with a robust physique etc. (ādi-saṃhanana-upeta), calm [and] whose behaviour is virtuous is also capable of meditating on pure meditation which is of four kinds of”.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Upeta.—(CII 1), same as saṅgata; ‘intimately associated’; cf. upagata, upayāta, samupagata, samaveta, etc. Note: upeta is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

upeta : (pp. of upeti) endowed with.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Upeta, (pp. of upeti) furnished with, endowed with, possessed of Sn. 402, 463, 700, 722; Dh. 10, 280; Nd2 s. v. , Th. 1, 789; Pv. I, 76 (bal°); II 712 (phal°, v. l. preferable °upaga), IV. 112 (ariyaṃ aṭṭhaṅgavaraṃ upetan = aṭṭhahi aṅgehi upetaṃ yuttaṃ PvA. 243); Vism. 18 (+ sam°, upagata, samupagata etc); PvA. 7.—Note. The BSk. usually has samanvāgata for upeta (see aṭṭhaṅga). (Page 150)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Upeta (उपेत).—p. p.

1) Come near, approached, arrived at; लोकाश्च वो मयोपेता देवा अप्यनुमन्वते (lokāśca vo mayopetā devā apyanumanvate) Bhāgavata 1.23.32.

2) Present.

3) Endowed with, possessed of, having; with instr. or in comp.; पुत्रमेवंगुणोपेतं चक्रवर्तिनवाप्नुहि (putramevaṃguṇopetaṃ cakravartinavāpnuhi) Ś.1.12.

4) Blockaded.

5) Fallen into.

6) Approached for sexual gratification.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upeta (उपेत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Endowed with, possessed of, having, possessing. 2. Arrived at, come to, come near to. 3. Invested. E. upa and ita gone.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upeta (उपेत).—[adjective] arrived, present, existing, come or gone to ([accusative] or —°), come to the teacher i.e. initiated; fallen to one’s ([genetive]) share; being in ([locative]); accompanied by, endowed with ([instrumental] or —°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Upeta (उपेत):—[from upe] mfn. one who has come near or approached, one who has betaken himself to, approached (for protection), arrived at, abiding in [Mahābhārata; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] one who has obtained or entered into any state or condition, one who has undertaken (e.g. a vow), [Mahābhārata; Ratnāvalī; Sāhitya-darpaṇa] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] come to, fallen to the share of [Prabodha-candrodaya]

4) [v.s. ...] (a pupil) who has approached (a teacher), initiated, [Yājñavalkya iii, 2; Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra i, 22, 21; 22; Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra iii, 10, 10]

5) [v.s. ...] accompanied by, endowed with, furnished with, having, possessing, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Bhagavad-gītā; Hitopadeśa] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] one who has approached (a woman sexually), [Tārānātha tarkavācaspati’s Vācaspatyam, Sanskrit dictionary]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upeta (उपेत):—[upe+ta] (taḥ-tā-taṃ) a. Arrived at; endowed with, invested.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Upeta (उपेत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Uvaveya, Uvia, Uveya.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Upēta (ಉಪೇತ):—

1) [adjective] that has come near; approached; gone very close to.

2) [adjective] included; joined with; being together.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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