Upavishta, Upaviṣṭa: 16 definitions


Upavishta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Upaviṣṭa can be transliterated into English as Upavista or Upavishta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Upavishta in Yoga glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga

Upaviṣṭa (उपविष्ट) is a Sanskrit word referring to “seated”, “sitting”. It is used in Yoga.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Upavishta in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Upaviṣṭa (उपविष्ट) refers to “sitting (next to one’s teacher)”, according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra, the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “Neither mother, father, brother or relatives help one as the teacher does. Having understood this, whether he suffers when there is (cause for) suffering or is happy when there is (cause for) happiness, he should not, even unwittingly, assume a position contrary to (the one his) teacher has. Sitting (upaviṣṭa) next to him (the disciple) should massage him and the like. He should offer him the bowl with which he begs and flowers constantly”.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Upaviṣṭā (उपविष्टा) refers to “(being) seated (on a lofty couch)”, according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “[...] She is elegantly seated (surasa-upaviṣṭā) on a lofty couch studded with jewels, furnished with seats and pillows, and decorated with a canopy of pearls. Her face is a fully developed lotus. She has a row of chowries being shaken around her, and her beaming lotus-face surpasses beautiful lotuses. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Upavishta in Shaivism glossary
Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Upaviṣṭa (उपविष्ट) refers to “(being) seated” (on a white lotus), according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 3.17-23, while describing a meditation on Amṛteśa in his form as Mṛtyujit]—“And so now, having constructed the amṛtāmudrā or the padmamudrā, [the Mantrin] should meditate on the Ātman. [...] [He is] one-faced, three-eyed, seated on a white lotus (sitapadma-upaviṣṭa), fixed in the bound lotus seat (baddhapadmāsana). [He is] four-armed, large-eyed, the hand [fixed in the position] of granting wishes and safety, [holding] a full moon, radiant, filled with amṛta, holding a water pot, [and] completely full of the world, the moon in his lovely hand. [The Mantrin] should remember him adorned with a reverence that is all white”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Upavishta in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Upaviṣṭa (उपविष्ट) refers to “being duly seated”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.32 (“The seven celestial sages arrive”).—Accordingly, as the Seven Sages said arrived at Himavatpura: “[...] Desiring welfare of others, the seven sages embraced Himavat, the lord of mountains and spoke words of auspicious blessings with pleasant faces. Keeping them ahead he said—‘My household life is blessed’. With great devotion he got and offered them seats. When they were duly seated (upaviṣṭaāsaneṣūpaviṣṭeṣu), he too sat with their permission. Then Himavat spoke to the refulgent sages:—‘[...]’”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (tantric Buddhism)

Upaviṣṭa (उपविष्ट) refers to “(being) seated (on a throne)”, according to the Nāmamantrārthāvalokinī by Vilāsavajra, which is a commentary on the Nāmasaṃgīti.—Accordingly, [while describing Mañjuśrī-jñānasattva]—“[Next] he should visualise himself as the fortunate one, the gnosis-being [Mañjuśrī], born from the syllable a situated in the middle of that [wisdom-] wheel [situated in the heart of the Ādibuddha]. He has six faces, is radiant like the autumn moon, with the best of sapphires in his beautiful hair, with a halo that has the brilliance of the orb of the newly risen sun, with all the Tathāgatas as [head-]ornaments, immersed in meditative concentration, seated on a variagated lotus throne (vicitrapadmāsana-upaviṣṭa), in tranquil mood, with a pair of books of the Prajñāpāramitā above blue lotuses held in his two hands”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Upavishta in Mahayana glossary
Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Upaviṣṭa (उपविष्ट) refers to “being seated” (on a seat suitable for performing rain-making rituals), according to the 2nd-century Meghasūtra (“Cloud Sutra”) in those passages which contain ritual instructions.—Accordingly, “He who desires a mighty rain must perform this rite ‘the great-cloud-circle’ in an open space, overspread by a blue canopy, shaded by a blue banner, on a clear spot of earth; [being] a prophet of the Law, seated on a blue seat (nīlāsana-upaviṣṭa), fasting according to the aṣṭāṅga, with well-washed limbs, clad in pure raiment, anointed with fragrant odour, wearing the three white stripes, he must recite it for a day and night continuously facing the east; [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Upavishta in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

upaviṣṭa (उपविष्ट).—p S Seated or sitting near. 2 Seated or sitting gen.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

upaviṣṭa (उपविष्ट).—p Seated. upavēśa m upavēśana n Sit- ting or sitting near.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Upavishta in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Upaviṣṭa (उपविष्ट).—a.

1) Seated, come to, arrived.

2) Occupied with, engaged.

-ka a. Firmly settled (said of a foetus which remains in the womb beyond the usual time).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upaviṣṭa (उपविष्ट).—mfn.

(-ṣṭaḥ-ṣṭā-ṣṭaṃ) 1. Seated, sitting. 2. Arrived, entered. E. upa upon, viṣṭa placed, entered.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upaviṣṭa (उपविष्ट).—[adjective] seated; resorted to ([accusative] or —°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Upaviṣṭa (उपविष्ट):—[=upa-viṣṭa] [from upa-viś] mfn. seated, sitting, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] come to, arrived, entered (into any state or condition)

3) [v.s. ...] ifc. having obtained, [Rāmāyaṇa; Daśakumāra-carita] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] occupied with, engaged in [Mahābhārata; Pañcatantra; Bhaṭṭi-kāvya]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upaviṣṭa (उपविष्ट):—[upa-viṣṭa] (ṣṭaḥ-ṣṭā-ṣṭaṃ) a. Seated.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Upaviṣṭa (उपविष्ट) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Uvaviṭṭa.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Upavishta in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Upaviṣṭa (ಉಪವಿಷ್ಟ):—

1) [adjective] sitting.

2) [adjective] directing one’s mind to; meditating upon.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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