Svar: 10 definitions


Svar means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Svar (स्वर्) denotes the ‘sun’ and the ‘heaven of light’ in the Rigveda and later.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Svar (स्वर्) refers to “heaven”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “The wishing gem, divine treasure, cow of heaven (svardhenu), [and] wishing trees along with Lakṣmī—I think these are servants existing from ancient times of the doctrine. The doctrine bestows upon embodied souls prosperity which is desired by Indra and the lords of men and snakes, and is to be revered in the three worlds”.

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context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Svar (स्वर्).—1 U. (svarayati-te) To find fault, blame, reprove, censure.

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Svar (स्वर्).—ind.

1) Heaven, paradise; as in स्वर्लोक, स्वर्वेश्या, स्वर्भानुः (svarloka, svarveśyā, svarbhānuḥ), &c.; त्वं कर्मणां मङ्गलमङ्गलानां कर्तुः स्म लोकं तनुषे स्वः परं वा (tvaṃ karmaṇāṃ maṅgalamaṅgalānāṃ kartuḥ sma lokaṃ tanuṣe svaḥ paraṃ vā) Bhāgavata 4.6.45.

2) The heaven of Indra and the temporary abode of the virtuous after death.

3) The sky, ether.

4) The space above the sun or between the sun and the polar star.

5) The third of the three Vyāhṛtis, pronounced by every Brāhmaṇa in his daily prayers; see व्याहृति (vyāhṛti).

6) Radiance, splendour.

7) Water. ind. (used in nom., acc., gen., or loc. case); स्वलंकृतैर्भ- वनवरैविभूषितां पुरंदरः स्वरिव यथामरावतीम् (svalaṃkṛtairbha- vanavaraivibhūṣitāṃ puraṃdaraḥ svariva yathāmarāvatīm) Rām.7.11.5; साधोरपि स्वः खलु गामिताधो गमी स तु स्वर्गमितः प्रयाणे (sādhorapi svaḥ khalu gāmitādho gamī sa tu svargamitaḥ prayāṇe) N.6. 99 (herein abl. case, svar = svargāt).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svar (स्वर्).—r. 10th cl. (svarayati-te) 1. To blame, to censure, to reprove. 2. To sound. (Ind. (Aptote noun.) 1. Heaven, paradise, the residence of Indra and the celestials, (considered as the temporary abode of the virtuous after death.) 2. Sky, ether. 3. Splendour, beauty. 4. One of the divisions of the universe, the space between the sun and the polar star and region of the planets and constellations; in this sense, this word is one of the three mystical words, to be repeated daily at the morning ceremonies, &c., with the holy Gayatri. E. svṛ to sound, to be in pain, vic aff., and the vowel changed.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svar (स्वर्).— (sur Sur), i. 10, svaraya (suraya), To blame.

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Svar (स्वर्).—i. e. sū + an (with r for n), I. n. ([Rigveda.] i. 105, 3), The sun, Chr. 289, 5 = [Rigveda.] i. 50, 5. Ii. indecl. 1. Splendour. 2. Heaven, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 9, 20; [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 8. 3. Paradise. 4. A mystical word, signifying the space between the sun and polar star, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 76; [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 209, 1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svar (स्वर्).—1. svarati sound, make resound; sing, praise; shine, be bright. [Causative] svarayati ([Passive] svaryate) pronounce with the Svarita accent.

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Svar (स्वर्).—2. [neuter] the sun, sunlight, light i.[grammar], the light space i.e. the sky or heaven.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Svar (स्वर्):—1. svar (= √sur) [class] 10. [Parasmaipada] svarayati, to find fault, blame, censure, [Dhātupāṭha xxxv, 11.]

2) 2. svar ([probably] = a lost √sur; cf.svṛ) [class] 1. [Parasmaipada] svarati, [Causal] svarayati, to shine.

3) 4. svar ind. (in Yajur-veda also suvar) (used in Veda as [nominative case] [accusative] [locative case], or [genitive case], in [Naiṣadha-carita vi, 99] also as [ablative]; from the weak base sūr the [Ṛg-veda] forms the [genitive case] sūras and the [dative case] sūre [iv, 3, 8]), the sun, sunshine, light, lustre, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]

4) bright space or sky, heaven (as distinguished from div, which is regarded as the vault above it; often ‘heaven’ as a paradise and as the abode of the gods and the Blest, in [Atharva-veda] also of the Asuras; svaḥ prayātaḥ, ‘gone to heaven’ id est. ‘departed this life’), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

5) the space above the sun or between the sun and the polar star, the region of the planets and constellations (regarded as the 3rd of the 7 worlds [see loka] and the 3rd of the three Vyāhṛtis [i.e. bhur bhuvaḥ svaḥ]; svar is pronounced after om and before the Gāyatrī by every Brāhman on beginning his daily prayers), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

6) water, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska i, 12]

7) Name of Śiva, [Mahābhārata]

8) cf. [Greek] ἠέλιος, ἤλιος; [Latin] sol; [Lithuanian] sáule; [Gothic] sauil; [Anglo-Saxon] sôl.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Svar (स्वर्):—(ka) svarayati 10. a. To blame; to sound.

2) ind. Heaven, sky; splendour; division of the universe.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Svar (स्वर्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Sa, Sara.

[Sanskrit to German]

Svar in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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